ARCHAEOLOGY September/October 2019

ARCHAEOLOGY magazine offers readers incisive reporting, vivid storytelling, compelling photography – and the latest news from around the globe – all devoted to exploring the world’s ancient past. Whether reporting from a dive on an Arctic shipwreck, trekking through Afghanistan, or digging just beneath Beirut, ARCHAEOLOGY’s editors and writers bring readers the science, and the magic, of archaeological discovery.

United States
Archaeological Institute of America
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6 Issues

In this issue

2 min.
coursing through history

The offices of ARCHAEOLOGY magazine are in New York City, a place defined by the rivers that surround it. In 1624, the Dutch West India Company founded the settlement of New Amsterdam at the southern tip of the island of Manhattan, where the East and Hudson Rivers meet. This location offered unfettered access to riverine waterways, to some of the world’s finest deepwater harbors, and to the Atlantic Ocean. By 1626, when the company belatedly purchased Manhattan from the Lenape Indians, New Amsterdam was already a center of commerce. It was fascinating as we worked on this issue to see how, across broad historical spans and great stretches of the globe, rivers have played a vital role in human history—and also helped to preserve the remains of the past. In “A…

2 min.

Editor in Chief Jarrett A. Lobell Deputy Editor Eric A. Powell Senior Editors Benjamin Leonard Daniel Weiss Associate Editor Marley Brown Editorial Assistant Malin Grunberg Banyasz Creative Director Richard Bleiweiss Maps Ken Feisel Contributing Editors Roger Atwood, Paul Bahn, Bob Brier, Karen Coates, Andrew Curry, Blake Edgar, Brian Fagan, David Freidel, Tom Gidwitz, Andrew Lawler, Stephen H. Lekson, Jerald T. Milanich, Heather Pringle, Kate Ravilious, Neil Asher Silberman, Julian Smith, Nikhil Swaminathan, Jason Urbanus, Claudia Valentino, Zach Zorich Publisher Kevin Quinlan Director of Circulation and Fulfillment Kevin Mullen Director of Integrated Sales Gerry Moss Account Manager Karina Casines Account Manager Jeff Posner PRI Communications Inc. Jeff@pricommunicationsinc.com 516-594-2820 x11 Circulation Consultant Greg Wolfe, NPS Media Group Newsstand Consultant T.J. Montilli NPS Media Group Office Manager Malin Grunberg Banyasz For production questions contact materials@archaeology.org Editorial Advisory Board James P. Delgado, Ellen Herscher, Ronald Hicks, Jean-Jacques Hublin, Mark Lehner, Roderick J. McIntosh, Susan Pollock, Kenneth B. Tankersley ARCHAEOLOGY MAGAZINE 36-36 33rd Street, Long Island City, NY 11106 tel 718-472-3050 • fax 718-472-3051 Subscription questions and address changes should be sent to Archaeology, Subscription Services, P.O. Box 433091…

2 min.
my cat’s meow

Some say that the world is divided into dog people and cat people. Having grown up with cats, I belong to the latter category. I recently learned that cats were domesticated relatively late in human history, probably in the ancient Near East. They were likely attracted to the food remains left by the area’s early farmers and to the mice that inhabited grain storage areas. Dogs, by contrast, were the first animals to be domesticated, and were bred to perform specific tasks, such as herding and hunting. This goes a long way toward explaining why dogs can be easily trained, whereas cats are generally so independent. My interest in the history of cats was sparked by a beautiful tabby kitten that my husband Jim named Zoe, after the mosaic of the…

3 min.
from our readers

MAP QUEST I just read the May/June issue—I usually keep each issue to read on a long flight so I can absorb it from cover to cover without interruptions. The feature on maps (“Mapping the Past,” May/June 2019) is magnificent! Such brilliant choices you made—breathtaking and mind-blowing. Who knew that there were maps of waves? I have been meaning to write for some time to plead with you to include maps with your articles, so I was delighted to see that the map issue spurred you to do just that. It is a small, but very important addition that makes your always excellent and informative articles even more fascinating and relevant. Thank you! Linda Freccia Mountain View, CA THE PRICE OF WAR I am an avid reader of your magazine and truly enjoy the…

16 min.
from the trenches

THE CASE FOR CLOTILDA A shipwreck designated archaeological site 1Ba704 should, say archaeologists, also be called Clotilda, one of the most notorious vessels in U.S. history. The path to identifying the wreck as the last ship to carry enslaved Africans to the United States has been challenging. And it began with the wrong wreck. In 1855, William Foster, a shipbuilder and businessman born in Nova Scotia and trained in the shipyards of the northeast, traveled south to Mobile, Alabama, where he built the schooner Clotilda. On the first of her 40 commercial voyages, she sailed to Havana from Mobile with unknown cargo. On her last, in 1860, she traveled to Mobile from Ouidah in the West African Kingdom of Dahomey, carrying 110 Africans destined for the slave markets of New Orleans. By…

2 min.
off the grid

Along the rocky shoreline of Hopedale, in Labrador’s autonomous Inuit region of Nunatsiavut, a community is working to document and preserve more than 500 years of its past. Hopedale, which is home to a population of roughly 600, is celebrated for its postcardworthy complex of wooden buildings constructed by Moravian missionaries who arrived in the 1780s. It was once the site of a major Inuit settlement called Agvituk—“place to find whales”—a large whaling center and nexus for Inuit-European coastal trade from the sixteenth through eighteenth centuries. “Moravian missionaries considered Agvituk to be the Inuit equivalent of Paris or London,” says archaeologist Laura Kelvin of Memorial University of Newfoundland, who is documenting artifacts uncovered at the site and conducting interviews with longtime Hopedale residents. The Avertok Archaeology Project is led by Lisa…