EXPLOREMY LIBRARY
Science
ARCHAEOLOGY

ARCHAEOLOGY May/June 2020

ARCHAEOLOGY magazine offers readers incisive reporting, vivid storytelling, compelling photography – and the latest news from around the globe – all devoted to exploring the world’s ancient past. Whether reporting from a dive on an Arctic shipwreck, trekking through Afghanistan, or digging just beneath Beirut, ARCHAEOLOGY’s editors and writers bring readers the science, and the magic, of archaeological discovery.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Archaeological Institute of America
Frequency:
Bimonthly
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6 Issues

in this issue

2 min.
voices from the past

The words and thoughts expressed by individuals from past cultures do not always survive to our time. In many cases, the objects and monuments these people created have endured, but we have no evidence of what they thought about their creations, or even what they might have called the things they used or saw every day Some people, like those of the Trypillia Culture of Eastern Europe, who you will read about in “Megasites of Ukraine” by Berlin-based journalist Megan Gannon, were preliterate, while others, like the ancestors of today’s Shoshone featured in “Villages in the Sky” by writer and photographer Matt Stirn, passed along their traditions using oral rather than written means. Regardless of the medium, in this issue, you will encounter a truly impressive array of voices from the…

2 min.
building community

Engaging the public, one of an archaeologist’s most rewarding jobs, can take many forms. Many of ARCHAEOLOGY’s readers are aware of the Archaeological Institute of America’s public lecture program, but perhaps fewer know about the Institute’s Site Preservation Program. The United States Committee of the International Council on Monuments and Sites has singled out the Site Preservation Program as one of the most innovative models in heritage management. For more on this program and to read about the Pyramids and Necropolis of Nuri Project in Sudan, a recent awardee, go to archaeological.org/sitepreservation. In addition to their work to preserve sites, archaeologists spend a great deal of time and effort on public engagement and community building in the areas where they excavate. The people most affected by archaeological work, be they abroad…

4 min.
from our readers

TO THE EDITOR As a member ofthe international consortium involved in protecting, preserving, documenting, excavating, and publishing the amazing painted tomb discovered in Bayt Ras, Jordan, in 2016, I was pleased to have some information about the tomb and images fromits walls presented to the readership of the magazine (“The Founder’s Tomb,” March/April 2020). However, we wish that those responsible for the ongoing work in the tomb had received proper acknowledgment in the article. Due to the nature of this site and its fragility, the tomb’s management has been especially complicated, and has required a concerted effort on behalf of international partners and experts. As such, we believe that the consortium that forms the Bayt Ras Tomb Project is worthy of mention. We believe that including the project name and its…

3 min.
the parthenon by any other name?

The Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis is one of the best-known buildings of the ancient world. Yet, despite its renown, it turns out that for more than 2,000 years, we may have been calling the temple by the wrong name. “I knew that scholars didn’t really understand why it’s called the Parthenon,” says Utrecht University archaeologistJanric van Rookhuijzen, “so I started looking into a giant puzzle of ancient texts, inscriptions, and archaeological remains.” His surprising, perhaps even heretical, theory suggests that “Parthenon” may not have originally referred to the structure we know today—which is sometimes called the Great Temple of Athena—but to part of an altogether different temple on the Acropolis. For van Rookhuijzen, the crux of the issue lies in the meaning of the Greek word parthenon—“a room for virgins…

2 min.
off the grid

Roughly 1,000 feet above sea level in the hilly interior o f Calabria—the toe o f Italy’s b o o t—the town o f Oppido Mamertina is surrounded by ancient forested terrain. The m odern town is the successor to a medieval town called O ppido Vecchio that was destroyed b y an earthquake in 1783, and whose evocative ruins s till stand fo r visitors to admire. These include town gates and streets, and cloisters b u ilt b y religious orders. There is also a castle, dating to the eleventh-century Norman conquest o f southern Italy, which was periodically renovated according to the shifting fashions o f the times un til the seventeenth century. Archaeologists have discovered that the area was home to Iron A ge settlem ents dating…

1 min.
guardian feline

For more than 1,000 years, Egyptians buried their dead at the Aswan necropolis, on the banks of the Nile. In one tomb, which contained as many as 30 bodies, a joint Italian-Egyptian team recently noticed a painted leopard’s face peering at them from the soil. The painting, which may once have decorated the lid of a sarcophagus, is in an extremely delicate state ofpreservation, making it difficult to remove. Now the researchers have digitally reconstructed the face of the painted feline, which accompanied one ancient Egyptian’s journey to the afterlife around 2,100 years ago. “We understood that the very fragile piece of wood could be restored and returned back to its original splendor,” says Univer-sity of Milan/archaeolo t gist Patrizia Piacentini. “For the moment, the restoration is only virtual, but…