EXPLOREMY LIBRARY
Culture & Literature
All About History

All About History

No. 96

All About History is the stunningly realised new magazine from the makers of How It Works and All About Space. Featuring beautiful illustrations, photos and graphics depicting everything from ancient civilisations to the Cold War, All About History is accessible and entertaining to all and makes history fun for the whole family.

Country:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Publisher:
Future Publishing Ltd
Frequency:
Monthly
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13 Issues

in this issue

1 min.
welcome

It’s extraordinary how relevant and poignant the words of Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X remain after 60 years. Often quoted, sadly not always fully understood, these two men shaped a great deal of the vocabulary of racial justice around the globe. Reflecting on this is part of why we wanted to put both of them front and centre of this issue. While they have so often been considered in opposition to one another, we wanted to look at how they actually contrasted and inspired each other as well. In exploring this idea we could ask for no better guide than Dr Peniel E Joseph, author of The Sword And The Shield, a book released earlier this year that explores precisely the idea that Dr King and Malcolm X evolved…

1 min.
defining moments

23-26 October 1955 THE STATE OF VIETNAM REFERENDUM Prime Minister Ngo Dinh Diem called a national referendum to determine the future government of Vietnam. He defeated Bao Dai, the chief of state and former emperor, winning 98.2% of the vote amid claims of election rigging. On the 26th, three days after the referendum, Diem declared himself as the first president of the Republic of Vietnam. 11 October 1987 THE AIDS MEMORIAL QUILT The NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt was displayed publicly for the first time on the National Mall in Washington, DC during the National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights. The quilt was conceived by Cleve Jones, a San Francisco gay rights activist, as a memorial to those who had died from AIDS as well as to highlight the devastating impact of…

4 min.
maori history

1500 SETTLING 1500 Māori populations become more settled in specific areas as the abundance of resources dries up. As a result agriculture increases in importance. 1769 Captain Cook arrives 1769 On 6 October 1769 Captain James Cook sights New Zealand from his ship. Two days later he lands and has an initial hostile encounter with Māori, killing many. Following this event, more peaceful contact occurs. 1816 FIRST MĀORI SCHOOL 1816 The Reverend Thomas Kendall of the Church Missionary Society sets up the first school exclusively for Māori children. Previously he had published the first book in Māori. Musket Wars 1818 Inter-tribal warfare is altered dramatically by the introduction of muskets brought by European settlers. An estimated 20,000 people are killed in the resulting conflicts, significantly altering tribal boundaries. It is these new boundaries that would be used during the signing…

4 min.
a wharenui

The role of the marae in Māori life remains as important today as it has done for centuries. These communal spaces are sacred and central to ideas of community cohesion and respect for one another. At the heart of the marae is the wharenui, the meeting house, sometimes also called a whare tipuna, which means ancestral house or whare rūnanga, which means communal meeting house. It is inside this building and at its threshold that all of the most important gatherings take place. Just outside the wharenui is a public meeting area where many of the most important outdoor ceremonies take place. For example, the pōwhiri, which is a Māori welcoming ceremony that involves speeches, dancing, singing and the traditional Māori nose-to-nose greeting of the hongi, would take place here. This…

3 min.
a māori chief

A TAIAHA The ceremonial staff of the Māori chief was also a weapon, although perhaps not used in the manner you might think. Carved from wood or whalebone, one end would have two faces carved into it, the dual sets of eyes denoting the alert nature of its bearer. The tip of the staff is the tongue of this head, looking somewhat like a spearhead. However, it’s the flattened opposite end of the staff that was used for striking opponents. The art of Māori stick fighting is still taught today. APĀKĒ The rain cloaks worn by the Māori are one of their more ingeniously designed pieces of clothing and are also very versatile. Hundreds of leaf strips would be attached to a ring of woven fibres, and when catching the rain then directed…

3 min.
papa hou

Commonly referred to as Māori treasure boxes, papa hou were used to store precious personal ornaments known as taonga, which means ‘treasured possessions’ in Māori. This included items such as combs, jewellery and feathers for the hair – in fact, in Māori the word ‘papa’ means chest or box and ‘hou’ means feather. These wooden treasure boxes were considered to have the mana (spiritual power) of their owners because they contained prized items that came into contact with the body. For example, feathers were considered highly tapu (sacred) amongst the Māori because they were worn in the hair and thereby came into contact with the head, which was considered the most sacred part of the body. To keep the papa hou and their contents safe, they were hung on cords from the…