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All About HistoryAll About History

All About History No. 80

All About History is the stunningly realised new magazine from the makers of How It Works and All About Space. Featuring beautiful illustrations, photos and graphics depicting everything from ancient civilisations to the Cold War, All About History is accessible and entertaining to all and makes history fun for the whole family.

Country:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Publisher:
Future Publishing Ltd
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13 Issues

IN THIS ISSUE

access_time1 min.
welcome

Who were the Boleyn family? Opportunists? Manipulators? Radicals? So much has been said and examined in the relationship between Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII, but what of the rest of the clan whose fortunes were pinned, for good and ill, on Anne’s ascension to the throne? This issue we wanted to reexamine the story and not only explore the motivations and methods of the Boleyns as they climbed the social standing of Henry’s court, but also Anne’s part in those plans and to what extent she was a participant or driving force behind them. We welcome back Dr Nicola Tallis to take us through that journey of a Tudor dynasty being born and then brutally cut down in short order. Elsewhere this issue we looked at the anniversary of the Peterloo…

access_time1 min.
defining moments

POPE IN AFRICA Becoming the first pontiff to visit the continent of Africa while head of the Catholic Church, Pope Paul VI visited Uganda from 31 July to 2 August 1969. Despite resistance within the Vatican, the trip went ahead and Pope Paul VI was greeted by President Milton Obote of Uganda as well as heads of state from Tanzania, Zambia, Rwanda, Burundi and representatives from Nigeria and Zaire (now DR Congo) as well as massive crowds. 1969 NIXON RESIGNS In the wake of the Watergate scandal and more and more criminal or embarrassing details emerging about his tenure in the White House, President Richard Nixon resigned on 9 August 1974. Having lost the support of members of his own party, impeachment by congress was looking certain and Nixon left office before the…

access_time3 min.
the mongols’ vast empire

1178 TEMüJIN BEGINS UNITING MONGOL TRIBES 1178 Between 1178–1206 Genghis Khan, born Temüjin, creates allies and starts the various Mongol tribes Temüjin proclaimed as Genghis Khan 1206 Temüjin’s tactics make him an efficient commander and well-loved leader among the people. He brings together the Mongol and Turkic tribes who entitle him Genghis Khan (the Oceanic or Universal Ruler of all the Mongols), and so begins the Mongol Empire. 1209 UYGHUR TURKS JOIN MONGOL EMPIRE 1209 The Uyghur Turks peacefully submit to Genghis Khan. Many of them became administrators of the new and growing empire. ZHONGDU CAPTURED 1215 Mongol army finally conquers the Jin Dynasty’s capital city, Zhongdu (modern day Beijing), thereby expanding the Mongol Empire into northern China KHWAREZMID EMPIRE DESTROYED 1221 After the sultan killed the Mongol envoys, Genghis ends the Khwarezmid Empire (modern day Iran), a campaign that opens…

access_time4 min.
mongolian ger

Domed roof The domed roof meant that the wind couldn’t lift it away, but it was also the most complex part of the ger. It is here that the roof poles, or uni, attach in a ring, leaving a small opening at the top that allows smoke from the fire to leave the ger while allowing fresh air to circulate. This would be covered in bad weather to stop rain from coming in to the structure. Circular shape Gers are always circular, and there a few reasons for this, the foremost of which is that this shape allowed them to be heated and cooled quickly and efficiently. The lack of corners also meant that the structure was easier to build, and that there was no bad energy lurking around inside. Family affair Constructing and deconstructing…

access_time2 min.
a mongol warrior

LANCING A WOUND Heavier mongol cavalry would be armed with lances and they’d use them as they charged in to finish the job at close range. A hook close to its head would be used to drag a rider from their horse while wealthy cavalry would swing halberds at footmen. With a dagger or mace also close to hand, they were well tooled. PLATING UP Mongols would use a type of armour called Lamellar made from small rectangular plates of steel that was punched with holes so that they could be sewn together in overlapping horizontal rows. Allowing for flexibility as well as protection, it was far more commonly used than a leather-based alternative. PIERCING POINT The warriors fought many of their battles on horseback and needed weapons that best suited this position. Curved swords…

access_time6 min.
leaders after genghis

TIMUR THE LAME 1336 CE-1405 CE The warlord hailing from Samarkand embellished his reputation by claiming descent from Genghis Khan. This remains debatable, if not utterly false, but Timur did come from a clan of Turkic nomads who once served in the Khan’s armies. Timur’s determination and ruthlessness allowed him to cobble together an empire spanning present-day Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran and Iraq. A particular low point was the butchery and plunder of Delhi in 1399. Always seeking lands to subdue, in 1405 he rallied his men and launched an expedition to China, but died from a mysterious illness. Some 200 years later, another upstart named Zahiruddin Babur, who claimed descent from both Timur and Chagatay Khan, conquered India and founded the Mughal Empire. It has been claimed by geneticists that one in every 200 men…

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