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EXPLOREMY LIBRARY
Culture & Literature
History of War

History of War

No. 78

From the conquering legions of Ancient Rome to the thunderous tank battles of World War II and beyond, History of War takes you deeper inside the minds of history’s fighting men, further under the bonnets of some of the world’s most devastating war machines, and higher above the battlefield to see the broad sweep of conflict as it happened.

Country:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Publisher:
Future Publishing Ltd
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13 Issues

In this issue

1 min.
welcome

While in the European theatre Hitler’s Third Reich was facing its final months of existence, the island-hopping campaign against Imperial Japan was still yet to reach its bloody climax. Iwo Jima was considered to be one of the last vital objectives before an invasion of the Home Islands could begin. The five-week battle for this island fortress cost the lives of over 25,000 Japanese soldiers and US Marines. Seventy-five years on, the battle is a testament to the tenacity of the defenders, as well as the heroic endurance and skill of the Marines – captured in the iconic photo atop Mount Suribachi.…

1 min.
contributors

TOM GARNER This issue Tom had the honour of speaking with two veterans of the Battle of Iwo Jima. Woody Williams received the Medal of Honor for his conduct during the battle, and Tom Price witnessed the flag raising on Mount Suribachi (page 26). EDOARDO ALBERT An expert on Anglo-Saxon history, Edoardo is a prolific writer of non-fiction studies as well as fictional stories on the era. Over on page 52 he describes how the Viking leader Guthrum almost seized the throne of Wessex in 878. DR JULIE WHEELWRIGHT Dr Wheelwright is a senior lecturer at City University London and author of Sisters In Arms: Female Warriors From Antiquity To The New Millennium. Starting on page 78 she discusses the lesser-known women who served during WWI.…

1 min.
war in focus

A NEW YEAR’S SALVO Taken: January 1953 USS New Jersey (BB-62) fires nine 40.6cm guns near Kaesong, during the Korean War. Launched in 1942, the New Jersey served in the Pacific Theatre until the end of the Second World War. It served again during the Korean War and was eventually decommissioned in 1991. Now a museum ship, it remains the most decorated battleship in American naval history. PARIS UNDER SIEGE Painted: 1872 A heavy piece of artillery pointed towards Prussian forces, still smokes after firing, during the Siege of Paris (1870-71). War artist Étienne-Prosper Berne-Bellecour depicts a grim scene in the defences of the French the Franco-Prussian War. Lasting nearly five months, the siege resulted in Prussians capturing the city, ending the war and the Second French Empire. PLAYING AT POILU Taken: August 1938 British army cadets from…

5 min.
peloponnesian war

Mid-5th century BCE FIRST PELOPONNESIAN WAR Following the expulsion of Persian forces from Greece, Athens develops into a major Mediterranean power and heads a group of city states known as the ‘Delian League’. Sparta forms a rival group called the ‘Peloponnese League’. A First Peloponnesian War is fought during 460-445 BCE. 440-439 BCE SAMIAN WAR The Aegean island of Samos clashes with Athens. The Samians are blockaded and they reputedly appeal to Sparta for assistance before surrendering. The Spartans decline the request but it is believed the conflict increases their willingness to go to war with the Athenians. 433 BCE BATTLE OF SYBOTA 01 The Corcyraeans and Corinthians fight a major naval battle involving hundreds of ships. The result is inconclusive but Corcyra and Corinth are heavily supported by Athens and Sparta respectively. This large-scale engagement becomes a…

5 min.
battle of arginusae

For a long while, Athens had rested its hopes for a successful war on Alcibiades, the notorious but undeniably talented general who had led the Athenian fleet to victories at Abydos in 411 BCE and Cyzicus in 410 BCE. But a disobedient underling lost Alcibiades a battle at Notium in 406 BCE, and also cost him his job. Dismissed by the Athenians, who sought a scapegoat for the defeat, he was replaced by Conon as fleet commander. Conon conducted naval raids on Peloponnesian territories, and meanwhile, the Spartans sent out a replacement navarch (admiral) named Callicratidas to take over the Peloponnesian fleet based at Ephesus on the western coast of Asia Minor. The navarch sailed against the Athenian-allied city of Methymna, located on the island of Lesbos. Methymna fell to the…

1 min.
the trial of the generals

The fleets and armies of Athens were typically commanded by a board of ten annually-elected generals. The generals at Arginusae won a resounding victory, but would never receive any rewards for their efforts. Instead, they would be punished for what occurred immediately after the battle’s conclusion. There were many survivors or corpses either bobbing about in the waves or stuck on stricken triremes. Problematically, the 50-ship Peloponnesian fleet besieging Conon in Mytilene was close by, and intact, and therefore still a threat to the Athenians, who dared not scatter to reel in the survivors. Nonetheless, the wary Athenian generals detailed two lesser officers, Theramenes and Thrasybulus, to do what they could to collect them. Unfortunately, a big storm came up suddenly, and this made it impossible to pick up the men. With…