Culture & Literature
Military Heroes of the 20th Century

Military Heroes of the 20th Century

Military Heroes of the 20th Century

The 20th century saw some of the largest, most technically advanced conflicts the world had yet experienced. Discover the true military heroes that fought in its wars and why they're deserving of the ultimate accolades. You'll meet winners of the Medal of Honor and the Victoria Cross, explore the beginnings of special forces, and learn about the resistance fighters and defenders who gave everything to protect their homes. From the man who took on five tanks to the volunteer who infiltrated Auschwitz, meet the ultimate heroes of war's most turbulent century.

United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
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$11.57(Incl. tax)

in this issue

1 min.
welcome to military heroes of the 20th century

With two World Wars in its first half, not to mention countless smaller conflicts in the decades before and after, the 20th century had no shortage of opportunities for military heroes to prove themselves on the field of battle. This bookazine starts with a sergeant major who was first deployed in the year 1900, a bolt-action Lee rifle in his hand. War would evolve dramatically throughout the 20th century: it would take to the seas and to the sky. New technologies would allow new kinds of attack and defence; new tactics would be needed to combat them. And for every new technology, a hero would rise to take it on. Here you’ll find out about the first pilot to shoot down a Zeppelin, and the master sergeant who took out…

7 min.
daniel daly medal of honor (x2), dsc

“THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, IN THE NAME OF CONGRESS, TAKES PLEASURE IN PRESENTING THE MEDAL OF HONOR (SECOND AWARD) TO GUNNERY SERGEANT DANIEL JOSEPH DALY FOR EXTRAORDINARY HEROISM IN ACTION”OFFICIAL CITATION FOR SERGEANT MAJOR DALY’S SECOND MEDAL OF HONOR YEARS ACTIVE: 1899–1929 CONFLICTS: BOXER REBELLION, HAITI, WWI RANK: SERGEANT MAJOR Like many individuals who would survive the much photographed and filmed wars of the burgeoning 20th century, Daniel Daly cared little for the fame or legacy his actions brought him. He was, up until his death on 27 April 1937, a man who saw medals as “foolishness,” but his actions during the Siege of International Legations in China and a bloody battle in Haiti more than a decade later have made him a legend in the annals of the US…

1 min.
recon at fort dipitie

24 OCTOBER 1915 01 SCOUT AND AMBUSH Under the command of Major Butler, Daly and about 40 other Marines depart from the nearby Fort Liberte with the intention of scouting out and potentially overrunning the Haitian-controlled Fort Dipitie. However, 400 cacos rebels are patrolling the web of rivers in between and trap the marines in an ambush. 02 RETREATING TO HIGHER GROUND Daly, Butler and the rest of the Marines (one of who is now wounded) retreat back to higher ground, leaving all their dead horses and the one machine gun they had brought with them behind. They hunker down and attempt to hold off the advancing rebels. 03 RETURNING TO THE AMBUSH With Butler and the other Marines fighting off the rebels, Daly leaves the embankment on his own and sneaks back to the site…

8 min.
victoria cross

“HIS MAJESTY THE KING HAS BEEN GRACIOUSLY PLEASED TO AWARD THE VICTORIA CROSS TO THE UNDERMENTIONED OFFICER FOR MOST CONSPICUOUS BRAVERY. HE ATTACKED AN ENEMY AIRSHIP UNDER CIRCUMSTANCES OF GREAT DIFFICULTY AND DANGER, AND SENT IT CRASHING TO THE GROUND AS A FLAMING WRECK”VICTORIA CROSS CITATION, LONDON GAZETTE, 5 SEPTEMBER YEARS ACTIVE: 1914–1918 CONFLICTS: WORLD WAR I RANK: CAPTAIN In the early hours of 3 September 1916, the villagers of Cuffley, Hertfordshire, gathered for an unexpected spectacle. A German airship had been shot out of the sky, and an inferno had quickly taken its place. 16 men lay dead inside, but for the villagers this was a scene of unabashed celebration – at last one of the feared German Zeppelins (as they believed the airship to be) had been shot down by Britain’s valiant…

10 min.
land fit for the fallen

The battlefields of World War I are now dotted with cemeteries – places of serenity rather than slaughter. White headstones line up like soldiers on parade, the parade ground a still and silent place of reflection and remembrance. On a summer’s day, the shadow of an English rose will fall on every stone. The existence of these sites owes a lasting debt to one man who was determined that the great sacrifice of these soldiers would never be forgotten. Born in Bristol in 1869, Fabian Arthur Goulstone Ware was 45 when war broke out and was considered too old to fight. A former teacher, schools administrator and newspaper editor, he was put in charge of the Red Cross mobile units to search and care for the wounded. As he travelled he came…

2 min.
the commitment continues over 100 years on

A total of 22 bodies were uncovered during ground work at an industrial building site at Briekestraat, Ypres. The site was a wartime cemetery that was moved to another site just 300 metres away – but somehow these men were missed. The men are among the many sets of remains still being recovered each year. They are found during building or road works or by farmers working the land. “We recover possibly one a week,” said Victoria. “At the beginning of the summer we had about 110 bodies in the recovery units in France and Belgium, and we will probably end up with that number at the end of the year, even though we are still re-burying steadily. When you think there are 200,000 people listed on the walls of the Memorials…