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Art & Architecture

Topos N. 105

Topos is a must-have for successful landscape architects, planners, urban designers and architects all over the world.The monothematic issues provide a global overview of innovative projects, new developments and trends in the profession. Be part of the worldwide community of Topos readers!

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Georg D.W. Callwey GmbH & Co. KG
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4 Issues

in this issue

2 min.

Mayors? Why mayors? Why devote an entire issue of topos to a type of local politicians? Why delve into the muddy waters of politics at all? Why not stick to the beautiful world of pure landscape, untarnished planning, harmonious greenery? I'll tell you why. It is our conviction that you cannot understand landscape architecture or urban design today without also understanding the framework within which planners operate. This framework is determined through complex political processes. And within these processes, a distinct group of politicians – mayors – play a decisive role. But, of course, looking at what mayors do at the same time means eyeing with much precision what is happening within their realm of decision-making, i.e. the cities we live in. This perspective has to it something of a…

3 min.
“making the act of remembering visible”

On June 27, 2015, American filmmaker Bree Newsome scaled the flagpole at the South Carolina state house and removed its Confederate battle flag, which had flown there since April 11, 1961. She did so ten days after the killing of nine churchgoers during a prayer service at the historic Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina. The perpetrator, Dylan Roof, had written extensively about wanting to start a race war and posted a cache of photos online, brandishing Confederate imagery, making clear his ideological connection to the Confederate States of America. Seemingly overnight, people across the U.S. were awakened to the fact that many of the public spaces in their own cities were likewise host to Confederate symbols. Politicians were flooded with calls to remove these. One such…

2 min.
talent vs. mastermind

TALENTS BAM: Jacob Walker, Daniel Gass, Allison Dailey Ballistic Architecture Machine (BAM) is a multidisciplinary design office based in Beijing, Shanghai, and New York, founded by Jacob Walker, Daniel Gass, and Allison Dailey. While working for Martha Schwartz, they began to define their professional agenda. BAM is not about the identity of one person. They believe that if no one person takes the spotlight, they will be more creative and diverse than any sole person can be. 1 CAREER STARTING POINT? In architecture school where we collaboratively created landscape installations and publications. Later we worked together in the office of Martha Schwartz, where we set up BAM. 2 INFLUENCED BY Denver the Last Dinosaur, Anthony Gaudi, Will Alsop, Nachiketa Chakraborty, Danny Tenaglia, Peter Walker, Martha Schwartz, Joseph Campbell, Noodle Soup, and the 1980’s. 3 WHY LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE? In…

4 min.
kalakhang maynila – metropolitan manila

The metro is diverse. Stay in the city of Manila, and you get urban chaos. From Burnham’s city beautiful plan in 1905 to the Frost-Arellano plan in 1941 – à la Paris with radiating avenues from a memorial – one would understand how realizing master plans isn’t the Philippines’ strongest suit. Spain’s three hundred years of colonization influenced the very culture of the landscape and society – exquisite old buildings still stand across plazas and churches, surrounded by streets with Filipino-Spanish names. Opportunity and growth fueled rapid urbanization. Home to the seat of government, centers for education, and a progressive economy, Manila attracted people from the rural areas to live in the city. With constant internal migration and the necessity to cater to needs and resources, country priorities for development became…

7 min.
synergy effects

Breathing Lights New York’s Capital District has undergone a drastic transformation: Much of its industry has disappeared, leaving behind abandoned buildings and a loss of identity for residents in the neighbourhood. The mayors of Albany, Troy and Schenectady came together with the artist Adam Frelin, architect Barbara Nelson and more than 90 partners from the public and private sectors to illuminate empty and collapsing buildings from the inside, especially in poor neighbourhoods, by placing pulsating light panels in the windows. The light varied in intensity, giving the abandoned buildings the appearance of living, breathing beings. The intervention stimulated a discussion about vacancies, sensitised communities to measures to combat urban pollution and led to revitalisation: As a result, 18 per cent of the 166 buildings that were part of the campaign have…

8 min.
game changers

Cities are the central nodes of the global economy, responsible for more than 80 percent of all GDP. Metropolitan clusters and special economic zones are displacing nation states and driving global supply chains. For example, just 20 metropolitan areas in the U.S. account for more than 52 percent of the country’s GDP. This did not happen by accident. Because they bring smart people together, cities channel creativity, connect human capital, and when well governed, drive growth. Cities are also merging and adopting new urban forms. Metropolitan clusters are linking groups of cities both online and off. Some mega-regions are transcending borders, with cities forging common regional plans and trading partnerships and infrastructure corridors. Yet what makes cities so important is not just their breathtaking population or economics statistics. Cities are key…