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Cultura & Literatura
All About History

All About History Holy Roman Empire

All About History is the stunningly realised new magazine from the makers of How It Works and All About Space. Featuring beautiful illustrations, photos and graphics depicting everything from ancient civilisations to the Cold War, All About History is accessible and entertaining to all and makes history fun for the whole family.

País:
United Kingdom
Língua:
English
Editora:
Future Publishing Ltd
Periodicidade:
Monthly
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ASSINATURA
US$ 32,99
13 Edições

nesta edição

1 minutos
holy roman empire

Forged by the iron will of Charlemagne, the Holy Roman Empire’s birth in 800 CE signalled the beginning of a new era in a Europe that had been stumbling in the dark for centuries. By means of conquest, alliances and marriage, the continent's new power would come to encapsulate much of Western Europe, morphing into a disjointed network of states within which ruthless wars and reformations would be waged. But who where the empire’s key figures? How did they rule? And why did this ambitious project ultimately fail? Turn the page to explore a realm that shaped Europe for over 1,000 years and left a legacy that still influences it today. This bookazine is printed on recycled paper. It’s important that we care about our planet and make a difference where…

9 minutos
charlemagne

For over 300 years Europe had been shrouded in darkness. With the power of the pope waning and the once-mighty Roman church beset by enemies on all sides, the legacy of the Western Roman Empire toppled as steadily and as surely as the Caesars had themselves, stability withdrawing like overstretched legionnaires and knowledge fading away like the crumbling Roman roads that crosshatched the continent. Europe needed a strong leader to pull it back from the precipice, and it got a brace of them in the form of the Carolingian dynasty, a family of self-made kings who stabilised their lands by force, expanded their frontiers with terrifying aggression and ensured the primacy of the Christian church at the point of the sword. Yet from this crucible of violence emerged a Western Europe…

3 minutos
how to conquer the saxons

Charlemagne expanded his empire through a series of successful military campaigns, with his conquest of Saxony one of the most crucial. The ruler believed it was his duty to spread Christianity across Europe, but the Saxons continued to cross his borders to conduct raids on his lands, provoking his anger. Charlemagne defeated a number of rebellions from those who resisted the conquest, led by the steadfast Saxon rebel leader Widukind. At the same time, he issued administrative reforms to bring Saxony into the Frankish Empire. In total, it took him over 30 years to fully consolidate his control over the region. Frankish cavalry Fast, highly skilled and armed with throwing spears, Charlemagne’s cavalry quickly overpowered Saxons on the battlefield. Rebel warriors While the invading force were superior in a pitched battle, the Saxons employed insurgency…

1 minutos
how not to… make the saxon wars drag out

Charlemagne was 24 when he first attacked the Saxons but he was 56 by the time the Saxon Wars ended, starting a French fashion for fighting long wars. Part of the problem was that Charlemagne only campaigned intermittently. He would move through Saxony, defeating various tribes and securing their lands as he went, but he frequently became distracted by other conflicts, such as with Lombardy. He left fortresses behind to maintain order during his absences, but the Saxons took advantage and raided them while he was gone. Charlemagne was then forced to return to squash the uprisings, forcing the Saxons to submit and convert to Christianity all over again, triggering a vicious cycle. If Charlemagne had remained focused on conquering Saxony, perhaps he could have conquered it a lot sooner.…

1 minutos
famous…

ENEMIES OF CHARLEMAGNE AQUITANIANS Charlemagne imprisoned Hunald II in 769 when the latter led a revolt in an attempt to regain the duchy of Aquitaine, which once belonged to his father. LOMBARDS Charlemagne was involved in the conflict between King Desiderius of the Lombards and the pope. In the ensuing war he conquered Lombardy in 772. ANDALUSIAN MUSLIMS Desiring to spread Christianity, Charlemagne campaigned against the Muslims in Spain in 777 but was eventually forced to retreat. AVARS To secure the frontier of his empire along the Danube River, Charlemagne fought a bloody war against the Avars in 791 and emerged victorious.…

7 minutos
piety is not enough

He was not the obvious choice as Archbishop of Reims. Reims was the foremost bishopric in the Frankish empire. Its bishop, having to deal with and live among kings and barons, was expected to come from nobility. But Ebbo, the putative archbishop, was of German peasant stock. Ebbo’s mother was recruited as wet nurse for the baby of Hildegard, wife to Emperor Charlemagne himself. Ebbo was already three years old when his mother started feeding the little child that the empress gave birth to. He was a boy, named Louis by his father, and little Louis became fast friends with Ebbo. At the request of Louis, Charlemagne rendered Ebbo free from his serfdom and paid for his education. That meant, for a boy who was not of noble birth, entry into…