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All About HistoryAll About History

All About History No. 84

All About History is the stunningly realised new magazine from the makers of How It Works and All About Space. Featuring beautiful illustrations, photos and graphics depicting everything from ancient civilisations to the Cold War, All About History is accessible and entertaining to all and makes history fun for the whole family.

País:
United Kingdom
Língua:
English
Editora:
Future Publishing Ltd
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ASSINATURA
US$32,99
13 Edições

NESTA EDIÇÃO

1 minutos
welcome

Looking at the reign of Louis XIV of France, it’s easy to see the similarities between his centralised absolutist monarchy that he began to impose from 1661 and the cults of personality employed by the dictators of the 20th century. Louis began to build state apparatus around himself, forcing the great and powerful to submit to him in order to wield any power or influence for themselves. It was a premise steeped in the concept of the divine right of kings, but executed in a brand new way and by a king who could seemingly enrapture his subjects with his personality and presence. But as we know from more modern examples, governments driven by the persona of a single individual rarely last once that lynchpin figure is gone. And so it…

1 minutos
defining moments

LOTTERY DRAFT Having amended the rules for how serving-age men were drafted into the US military, the first lottery draft took place on 1 December 1969 to draw those born between 1 January 1944 and 31 December 1950. The change was a response to criticism that the draft was not conscripting people equally, but it only ignited more resistance to the war, especially among young people who might be expected to serve in a fight they didn’t support. 1969 VELVET REVOLUTION Kickstarted by the suppression of student demonstrations in Prague on 17 November, mass demonstrations by the people of Czechoslovakia would quickly grow into what has become known as the Velvet Revolution and the toppling of the Communist Party’s government by 29 December 1989. The uprising built day by day with more protests…

4 minutos
the incas and empire

900CE PRE-INCA TRIBE 900 CE The Killke culture becomes, for some 300 years, the dominant group in the Cusco region of what is today Peru. The people build a huge fortress called Saksaywaman. 1200 INCA REGION FOUNDED 1200 Although there is no hard evidence, legend says Inca warlord Manco Cápac leads his tribe from a cave in the high mountains to the fertile Cusco Valley region. Establishing a settlement 1201 The Incas begin to construct and develop what would eventually become the city of Cusco. Located where the Huatanay, Chunchul and Tullumayo river meet, the settlement is built amid the mountains at an altitude of 3,450 metres but remains small for many years. SECOND RULER TAKES OVER 1230 Sinchi Roca succeeds his father, Manco Cápac, as the second Sapa Inca – or ruler of the Kingdom of Cusco. He…

5 minutos
machu picchu

Intihuatana Stone Located in the Sacred Valley, the four-sided Intihuatana ritual stone pointing north, south, east and west was carved from a single piece of granite and is understood to have been used as a sun dial and possibly an astronomical observatory. The Incas had a spiritual connection with the rock and would use a stepped recess as an altar. It would indicate the time of the winter solstice. The entrances This main gate is the entrance to the citadel, but a stone-columned Sun Gate – or Inti Punku – is situated two hours away on foot. The Sun Gate is the final destination of the Inca hiking trail, along which there are a good number of Incan ruins. It used to be a control gate for anyone entering and leaving the citadel,…

2 minutos
an inca noble

LENGTHY TUNIC Noblemen would wear a colourful tunic over a knee-length loincloth with a patterned design around the waist, while the women would wear long dresses pinned at the shoulder with a sash. The fine quality of the alpaca or vicuña cloth woven with ornamentation would indicate status. Feathers were prized decorations and a cloak would complete the outfit in cold weather. GOING FOR GOLD Gold jewellery was favoured among the nobles for its beauty and symbolism – it was representative of the sun. The noblemen in particular would wear large pendants made of gold around their neck to indicate their status and they’d place other adornments on their shoes, wrists and in their hair. Silver – symbolising the moon – was also highly prized. PERSONAL EFFECTS As well as carrying a bag for their…

5 minutos
hall of fame sapa incas

MANCO CÁPAC One legend claims Cápac and Ocllo defeated the Cuzco valley tribes of to found their dynasty. INCA C. 1200-1228 Manco Cápac was the founder of the Inca dynasty and the first Sapa Inca. Considered to be the son of Inti, the sun god, Manco Cápac’s origin is shrouded in myth. According to one tale Inti took pity on the people living in Lake Titicaca and sent Manco Cápac to establish a civilisation and to teach them how to live. Equipped with a golden staff that would sink into suitable, fertile land and accompanied by his sister and wife, Mama Ocllo, Manco Cápac discovered the Cuzco valley where he founded the capital and taught humans how to be civilised. PACHACUTI Pachacuti was originally called Cusi Inca Yupanqui but he changed it after becoming Sapa…