Cultura & Literatura
All About History

All About History No. 86

All About History is the stunningly realised new magazine from the makers of How It Works and All About Space. Featuring beautiful illustrations, photos and graphics depicting everything from ancient civilisations to the Cold War, All About History is accessible and entertaining to all and makes history fun for the whole family.

United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
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13 Edições

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1 minutos

When Hitler entered his bunker in January 1945, 65 years ago, he knew he was unlikely to be stepping out of it again. The Red Army was still a few months from gathering on the outskirts of Berlin, but as he admitted to aides at the time, he knew the war was lost and he intended to “take a world with us” in one last act of false bravado. This issue we welcome Jonathan Trigg, a German history expert, to look at these last days in the Führerbunker. What was life like for those who had to share that space? How cut off were they from the war taking place above their heads? To what degree was their monstrous leader beginning to fray under the pressure? When I think about the Fall…

1 minutos
defining moments

EARHART’S SOLO FLIGHT Amelia Earhart is renowned largely because of her mysterious disappearance, but she should be equally remembered for her groundbreaking flights. Her transatlantic and trans-continental US flights stand out, of course, but in 1935 she became the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California, landing in Oakland on 11 January. She even enjoyed “the most memorable cup of hot chocolate I’ve ever had” at 8,000 feet over the Pacific. 1935 CHURCHILL’S FUNERAL After he passed away in January 1965, Winston Churchill was given the rare honour of a state funeral, something typically reserved in the UK for members of the royal family. His body lay in state at Westminster for three days before a funeral service at St Paul’s Cathedral, after which a boat took the coffin up the…

4 minutos
history of beer

5000 BCE Earliest Beer Recipe 5000 BCE While the earliest beers likely date back even further, the earliest known written recipe is from papyrus in ancient Egypt. This form of beer was likely very different from what we know today, with a lot of sediment and drunk with a straw. 3400 BCE BARLEY BEER 3400 BCE The earliest evidence of barley-based beer has been found in Godin Tepe in modern Iran. The residue was found in pottery from excavations there. 1325 BCE BURIED WITH BEER 1325 BCE As evidence of the importance placed upon beer in Egyptian culture, Tutankhamun is buried with several vessels filled with the beverage for his journey through the afterlife. 642 CE Saint Of Beer 642 CE Frankish Bishop, Arnulf of Metz, is the patron saint of brewers. One of the stories associated with him is that…

5 minutos
hop kiln

Sloping roof The steep pitched roof was not decorative. Rather, it served a purpose: to encourage a natural rising draft of hot air through the kiln towards a specific point. It was important for air to circulate in such a way because it would draw the moisture upwards and prevent the hops from composting. . Drying the hops The picked hops would be spread about six to 12 inches deep across a thin, perforated wooden slatted drying floor that was situated directly above the furnace and covered with a horsehair cloth. This would allow the heat to pass through the hops for more than 10 hours, allowing their moisture content to be reduced from 80 per cent at the time of picking to as low as six per cent. When they were stored…

2 minutos
the anatomy of an alewife

BREWING UP The women would boil grain for ale in a large cauldron before allowing the brew to ferment. They would experiment with flavours and blends to produce a drink better than their rivals. The high temperature would protect the brown liquid against bacteria, making ale the safest drink at that time. A BLACK CAT Cats were used by alewives to protect their grains from mice. But hang on: cats, pointy hat, cauldron, broomstick? Little wonder historians have suggested that the modern perception of witches was influenced by alewives, underpinned by the fact that their brews could – by the presence of alcohol – make drinkers act out of character. BOTTOMS UP The brewing and selling of ale – served in wooden tankards – attracted many young, unmarried or widowed women, until men spied the…

5 minutos
champions of beer

KUBABA SUMERIAN C. 2500 BCE - 2330 BCE Kubaba is the only queen to feature on the Sumerian King List, an ancient text that lists the rulers of Sumer. She was said to have ruled for 100 years during the Early Dynastic III Period, as the only member of the Third Dynasty of Kish. Fascinatingly, she was originally a tavern keeper who brewed and sold her own beer before ascending to the throne. She was succeeded by her son and grandson and in later years after her death, Kubaba was also worshipped as a goddess. GEORGE WASHINGTON AMERICAN 1732-1799 Better known as a Founding Father and the First President of the United States, George Washington also had an affinity for beer and he regularly promoted the benefits of the alcoholic beverage. Beer was often brewed…