Cultura & Literatura
All About History

All About History No. 89

All About History is the stunningly realised new magazine from the makers of How It Works and All About Space. Featuring beautiful illustrations, photos and graphics depicting everything from ancient civilisations to the Cold War, All About History is accessible and entertaining to all and makes history fun for the whole family.

United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
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1 minutos

I must confess, I get oddly emotional looking at photos of VE Day celebrations. I imagine the sense of relief they must have felt having survived the war, the sense of triumph they must have felt for having emerged the victors and the sense of sadness that would linger on knowing what victory had cost. I look at all these young faces, their futures finally looking clear and open before them, and feel immensely happy for them. I also know that for all there was to celebrate there were still many hardships still to overcome. To mark the 75th anniversary of VE Day on 8 May we wanted to delve into as many aspects of the end of the war as possible, so we invited Peter Caddick-Adams to discuss the last…

1 minutos
defining moments

1920 DECLARATION OF THE FAR EASTERN REPUBLIC The Far Eastern Republic (sometimes called the Chita Republic) was formed in 1920 in eastern Siberia, but the nominally independent state only lasted two years. Originally envisaged as a buffer state between the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and the territories owned by Japan, the republic was beset by constant outbreaks of violence. An attempted coup failed in 1922, leading to the end of the Far Eastern Republic as the Red Army swept into the region and took control. The republic was dissolved on 15 November and all power was transferred to the Bolshevik government. 1985 NEW COKE LAUNCHES By 1985, The Coca-Cola Company had been losing market share to its fierce rival Pepsi. While Diet Coke was popular with health-conscious Baby Boomers, younger drinkers preferred the sweeter-tasting…

4 minutos
japanese feudal era

Ōnin War 1467-1477 Due to controversy over who would succeed Ashikaga Yoshimasa, civil war breaks out. Yoshimasa originally names his brother as his chosen successor, however the unexpected birth of a son causes the family to fracture into two sides. Eventually it escalates into war, ending with no clear-cut winner. 1192 MINAMOTO YORITOMO BEGINS THE KAMAKURA PERIOD 1192 After winning the Gempei War (between the Taira and Minamoto clans) Minamoto Yoritomo establishes the feudal military government: the Kamakura Shōgunate. 1274 First Mongol invasion of Japan 1274 Wishing Japan to become a vassal state, Kublai Khan dispatches emissaries requesting tribute. However, when the emissaries return time and time again empty handed the Khan declares war. The Mongolian army makes significant progress but is defeated with heavy losses at the Battle of Torikai-Gata. A second invasion is defeated in…

5 minutos
himeji castle himeji, japan

Himeji Castle is a Japanese National Treasure as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It’s also one of Japan’s 12 original castles, with the current complex completed in 1618 and widely considered to be a fine example of early 17th century Japanese castle architecture. Ikeda Terumasa was the brains behind what we see today. As the shōgun of west Japan and the son-in-law of the Japanese warrior and statesman Tokugawa Ieyasu, he was handed the castle in 1600 as a reward for his support in the Battle of Sekigahara. Within a year, he’d ordered its demolition and a new structure was commissioned to take its place. By 1609, the new castle was completed, although additions were made towards the end of the following decade. The end result was on a much…

2 minutos
the anatomy of noh theatre performer

FACING THE AUDIENCE Masks carved from blocks of Japanese cypress were worn by a Noh drama’s main performers to represent characters such as demons and monks, and genders of various ages. Treated with reverence and believed to be inherently spiritual, some of the 60 or so original types contained hidden emotions that were revealed by tilting the head so the mask captured light and shadows. BULKUP Although actors originally wore their everyday clothes during a performance, their costumes became more elaborate, regardless of their on-stage role. The performers – whether the principal actor (shite), secondary actor (waki) or companion (tsure) – would also wear items in multiple layers, starting with the inner garments (kisuke), giving them a bulky appearance. SLIDE AWAY Performers would wear stockings rather than shoes, which would assist in the art of…

5 minutos
hall of fame famous warriors

BENKEI1155-1189 A warrior monk, Benkei has entered popular Japanese legend and there are many stories about his life and exploits. When he was born he’s said to have had wild teeth and long hair like a demon, and when he was 17 he was said to be over two-metres tall. He spent many years working for Minamoto Yoshitsune, famously being killed defending him. Legend has it his dead body, riddled with arrows, was still standing as Minamoto Yoritomo’s forces attacked. MINAMOTO YOSHITSUNE 1159-1189 A military commander of the Minamoto clan, Yoshitsune led a series of decisive battles during the Gempei War and was integral in helping his half-brother Yoritomo consolidate power. He would eventually turn against Yorimoto, incurring his wrath. Yoshitsune was betrayed but managed to hold back the invading warriors until he…