Cultura & Literatura
All About History

All About History No. 90

All About History is the stunningly realised new magazine from the makers of How It Works and All About Space. Featuring beautiful illustrations, photos and graphics depicting everything from ancient civilisations to the Cold War, All About History is accessible and entertaining to all and makes history fun for the whole family.

United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
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13 Edições

nesta edição

1 minutos

As I write this message the All About History team is working from home, like much of the UK and people around the world. It’s been a strange experience but thankfully, as in just about every field, we’ve pulled together. With everything that’s been going on in recent weeks, I wanted to start off by publicly thanking my team for their incredible efforts and commitment. And I wanted to thank you, reader, for picking us up. I appreciate your support and interest during this challenging time and I hope this issue will offer some much-needed diversion and entertainment. To that end, you won’t find much by way of pandemic history this issue. We’ve explored other topics, like the villainy of Ivan the Terrible, the debauchery of the Grand Guignol theatre in Paris,…

1 minutos
defining moments

14 May 1948 ISRAEL DECLARES INDEPENDENCE The establishment of the State of Israel was proclaimed by David Ben-Gurion, the chairman of the Jewish Agency and executive head of the Zionist Organisation, at a ceremony the Tel Aviv Museum. That same day, the British mandate for Palestine was withdrawn at midnight, a move that marked the formal beginning of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, which ended with an Israeli victory almost ten months later. 4 May 1970 KENT STATE MASSACRE Following President Nixon’s announcement of the US invasion of Cambodia on 30 April, protests began at colleges and universities nationwide. At Kent State University, the Ohio National Guard opened fire on unarmed students, killing four and wounding nine others, after ordering them to disperse. The shootings sparked a national student strike involving four million students, with thousands…

4 minutos
etruscan civilisation

1200 BCE PROTO-VILLANOVAN CULTURE 1200-900 BCE A late Bronze Age civilisation existing just prior to the development of Villanovan culture, the oldest phase of Etruscan civilization. Villanovan culture 900-750 BCE Regarded as the first Etruscan civilization, they introduce iron working to the Italian peninsula and have burial rights involving cremation and ceramic urns. This is also the period that the city of Populonia is founded – its necropolis still stands. C. 700 BCE TARQUINIA C. 700 BCE The city of Tarquinia flourishes as a trading and manufacturing centre, producing Etruscan jewellery and pottery. City of Vulci flourishes 700 BCE Located near the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea, Vucli is an incredibly important Etruscan city, famous for the bronze sculptures made by many of its inhabitants. It would later rule over several other cities and become a centre of trade. Did…

4 minutos
banditaccia necropolis

Symbols and paintings Sites like this one have been invaluable in attempts to reveal details of Etruscan society since so little else is available to us. Frescoes on the walls have helped us see what their culture was like, from the sports they enjoyed to the instruments they played. And religious symbols, such as those around the doorways in the Tomb of the Capitals, reveal a little about their understanding of an afterlife. Greek influence The Etruscans were a civilisation that drew on the styles and cultures of all who surrounded them, so you can see aspects of East and West in their lives. The Tomb of the Greek Vases is a nice example of this as when it was discovered it was found to be full of… vases from Greece, oddly enough.…

1 minutos
the anatomy of etruscan noble

BILLOWING SILHOUETTE Unlike their Greek counterparts, the Etruscans appear to have favoured a more billowy style of clothing with loose sleeves (when they had them) and bell-bottomed skirts, sometimes with an arch around the feet to show off footwear. With a belt around the waist, this created a curved and dramatic outline. COLOUR FOR ALL Tomb paintings give us a fantastic look at the wide range of colours the Etruscans wore. Clearly, since these were the tombs of nobles, the clothing was likely more in line with their tastes. However, there are records from Greek observers commenting on the extravagance of entertainers and slaves also being dressed in flamboyant clothing. POINTY SHOES Another influence from the Near East and Ionia, the Etruscans broke away from their contemporaries again by wearing shoes as well as sandals.…

2 minutos
historical treasures chimera of arezzo

CURIOUS CREATURE The Chimera is a hybrid with a lion’s head, a snake for a tail and a goat’s head rising from its back. When it was first discovered, the snake tail was missing but it was restored by the sculptor Francesco Carradori in 1784. SACRED OBJECT On the Chimera’s right foreleg there is an inscription which reads ‘TINSCVIL’. This translates as ‘offering belonging to Tinia’, which confirms that the sculpture was produced as a votive offering for the Etruscan sky god Tinia. EVOKING EMOTION With its arched back, bristling mane and extended claws, it’s clear that the Chimera is under attack. The goat’s head has been wounded and there’s also a hole on the Chimera’s left rear leg, where Bellerophon struck the beast with his spear. ETRUSCAN SKILL Most likely commissioned by a wealthy aristocratic family,…