Cultura & Literatura
All About History

All About History No. 95

All About History is the stunningly realised new magazine from the makers of How It Works and All About Space. Featuring beautiful illustrations, photos and graphics depicting everything from ancient civilisations to the Cold War, All About History is accessible and entertaining to all and makes history fun for the whole family.

United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
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US$ 32,99
13 Edições

nesta edição

1 minutos

It’s been a heavy year for WWII anniversaries, with 75 years having passed since victory in Europe and the Pacific and now 80 years since the Battle of Britain. Each comes with its own poignancy, but the story of ‘The few’ does evoke a unique emotional sense for me. The Battle of Britain is such a pivotal moment in the history of WWII, acting as both the end of the first phase of war, the middle of the UK’s conflict with Germany and the beginning of the fightback that would come. Everything must have felt that it was on a knife-edge; the future so uncertain. This issue we hope to expand on that story with a ground-level focus, looking at the many who helped The Few achieve their victories, recounting the…

1 minutos
defining moments

28 September 1928 DISCOVERY OF PENICILLIN Scottish physician and scientist Alexander Fleming returned from his holiday to find his petri dishes of staphylococcus bacteria contaminated with mould. He realised the mould – penicillin – had killed the bacteria, a discovery that led to the development of the world’s first antibiotic. Penicillin was first used to treat patients with bacterial infections in 1942 and, two years later, Fleming was knighted for his discovery. 1 October 1962 JAMES MEREDITH ATTENDS UNIVERSITY OF MISSISSIPPI On this day, James Meredith became the first African-American to enrol at the University of Mississippi, following a two-day riot by segregationists opposing his admission. His application had been rejected twice before the US Supreme Court forced the university to accept racial integration. Here, Meredith is escorted to class by US Marshal James McShane…

4 minutos
the mughal empire

1526 A new Empire 1526 The ruler of Kabulistan, Babur, leads his Mughal forces against the Sultan of Deli, Ibrahim Lodi, and defeats him at the Battle of Panipat, giving birth to the Mughal Empire. It’s notable as an early example of warfare involving gunpowder firearms and artillery. Did you know? Babur was a descendant of Genghis Khan through his mother and Timur through his father AN IMPERIAL HIATUS 1540 Having inherited the empire from his father ten years earlier, Humayun is driven out of the capital Agra by Shēr Shah of Sūr, beginning the short-lived Sur Empire. HUMAYUN RETURNS 1555 The death of Shēr Shah’s successor Salīm Shah leads to civil strife and Humayun seizes the opening to return, winning the Battle of Sirhind and reclaiming Delhi. TOMB DESIGN 1573 The tomb of Humayun is built and proves to…

4 minutos
taj mahal

The Taj Mahal is considered to be one of the modern wonders of the world. It was made a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1983 and is estimated to receive 2.5 million visitors a year. However, as glorious a building as it is, its origin story is filled with personal tragedy. The Taj Mahal is ultimately a mausoleum commissioned by Shah Jahān around 1632 to house the remains of one of his wives, Mumtaz Mahal. They had met years before Shah Jahān was made emperor and she was his second of his three wives, even though she met him first. They were married for 13 years and had 14 children in that time (although only seven survived infancy). It was shortly after the birth of their 14th child that Mahal…

2 minutos
a kathak dancer

ORNATE JEWELLERY The Mughal Empire was known for its stunning jewellery, so it’s no surprise that kathak dancers were adorned with it, especially as jewellery helped to emphasise their movements. They typically wore pieces such as earrings, bracelets, armlets, necklaces and so on, which were made from gold or occasionally silver. EYE-CATCHING COSTUME Dancers wore trousers under their sheer skirts – known as churidar pajamas – in bright colours such as orange and red, which made them more noticeable. Not only did this hold the audience’s attention, but it enabled them to see the deliberate and skilled movements of the kathak dancers. THE ART OF STORYTELLING Kathak is one of the eight forms of classical Indian dance, hailing from northern India. This dance originally focused on religious themes before it was adapted for the Mughal…

3 minutos
coin of emperor jahāngīr

Influenced by Shēr Shah, the sultan of the Suri Empire, Mughal Emperor Akbar introduced a tri-metallic currency with coins – dams, rupees and mohurs – made out of copper, silver and gold respectively. Dams were the small, basic coins used for small payments in the 16th century, but by the 17th century silver rupees were more commonly used. Akbar reformed the empire’s currency and consolidated imperial control over the coinage, developing a centralised, uniform monetary system. Imperial mints were established in a number of important cities including Lahore, Delhi and Agra, and only imperial coins could be used to pay taxes. It was also the coinage used to pay the regime’s officials and soldiers. Importantly, these coins were only valid if they bore the name of the current Mughal emperor. Imperial mints…