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category_outlined / Cultura & Literatura
BBC World Histories MagazineBBC World Histories Magazine

BBC World Histories Magazine Issue 14

BBC World Histories magazine is the new global history title from the BBC History Magazine team. Each issue, we delve into a diverse range of topics – from ancient Greek expeditions and the Aztec civilisation to the Cold War and the space race. Our team of international experts explores key historical events, remarkable personalities and the stories behind today’s headlines, taking you on a tour across centuries and continents.

País:
United Kingdom
Língua:
English
Editora:
Immediate Media Company London Limited
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ASSINATURA
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6 Edições

NESTA EDIÇÃO

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welcome

Peace. It’s an admirable goal – yet even a cursory glance at history reveals just how fraught the process of achieving it can be. This issue, we asked our panel of historians to look back at past hostilities to tackle the question: how can enemies forge a lasting peace? Looking at a range of treaties, from papal truces of the Middle Ages to accords ending the global conflicts of the 20th century, can we identify political, military or economic strategies that have contributed to enduring peace? Indeed, is such a state ever achievable? Read our experts’ thoughts in our cover feature from page 16. War is often sparked by external aggression – or, at least, that’s generally the accepted cause. But, as author and Jonathan Holslag contests, in truth an underlying factor…

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contributors

Talat Ahmed “A world that is scarred by climate change, war and racism is crying out for an effective political strategy,” writes Ahmed, lecturer in South Asian history at the University of Edinburgh. On page 6 she discusses Mahatma Gandhi’s system of non-violent protest, and how it is still being employed today. Ali Ansari On page 42, the professor of history at the University of St Andrews examines the causes and legacy of the 1979 revolution in Iran. “The Islamic Revolution has cast a long shadow,” he says, “transforming the geopolitics of the Middle East and thrusting political Islamism into the limelight.” Jonathan Holslag History, according to conventional wisdom, is written by winners – the strongest powers that rise to dominance in a given era. Yet as Holslag, who teaches international politics at the Free…

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force of will

Expert opinions on historical issues that touch today’s world This year marks the 150th birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869–1948), one of the most iconic figures of the 20th century and the man seen as the father of modern India. Clearly, there are aspects of the personal life of the Mahatma (‘Great Soul’) that have attracted recent controversy, and his legacy is subject to debate within India as Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the rightwing Bharatiya Janata party try to appropriate Gandhi’s mantle for Hindutva – an ideology that seeks to establish Hindu dominance. Nonetheless, during 2019 many commemorative events in India and across the globe will celebrate the legacy of this ‘world historical individual’, who led India’s national liberation struggle with his ideas of non-violent resistance. This year also marks…

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remote control

On 31 August 2018, HMS Albion – an 18,000-tonne British amphibious warship carrying Royal Marines – was harassed by a Chinese warship and aircraft while en route to a port visit in Vietnam. The Chinese ships came dangerously close to the Albion – less than 200 metres away – while it was asserting the right of innocent passage through the western Pacific basin, an area of water commonly referred to as the South China Sea. HMS Albion remained in international waters at all times, and continued her voyage without physical interference, because China knows that its claims over this vast sea area have no basis in fact or law. However, unless the right to sail these waters is routinely exercised, it will be lost. Albion was not the first western warship to…

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on the barricades

Border walls and fences have proliferated during the 21st century – quietly, in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Thailand and Jordan; loudly, in Israel, Hungary and the United States. The policy of building barriers is nothing new. Cities first began girding themselves with walls nearly 12,000 years ago, and larger states have been at it for at least 4,000 years. Razor wire, electronic sensors and concrete slabs have supplanted mud bricks and tamped earth. Otherwise, we are carrying on much as we always have. Innumerable battles were once fought at walls; invaders and defenders clashed at the boundaries of cities, kingdoms and empires. In the 21st century, those battles have turned political. The most bitter fights now occur over proposed walls – which, for the first time, are debated in moralistic…

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history headlines

1 NEW YORK CITY UNITED STATES Trailblazing figure A statue of Shirley Chisholm – the first black US congresswoman, elected in 1968 – is to be erected in New York City. The statue, the first in the She Built NYC project commemorating influential women in New York, will be installed in Brooklyn in 2020. Currently, only five statues on city property depict female historical figures, compared with some 150 of men. In 1972, Chisholm was also the first woman and the first African-American to run for the Democratic presidential nomination. 2 CAMBRIDGE ENGLAND Lost language lives again An academic from the University of Cambridge has revived the ancient Babylonian language, almost 2,000 years after it was last spoken. After two decades of research, Dr Martin Worthington taught himself to speak the Semitic dialect and, together…

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