Cultura & Literatura
Military History

Military History September 2018

Military History is the nation’s oldest and most popular war magazine devoted to the history of warfare. Topics include naval history, army, infantry and foot soldiers from all branches of the military.

United States
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3 minutos
uncivil war

Stephen Roberts’ article about the Spanish Civil War [“Guernica,” May 2018] concerned me in the things he did not mention. British historian Michael Burleigh says Republican (communist) forces executed some 6,800 Catholic clergy, including nuns. Yet the world only hears about the 300 casualties (some civilian) killed at Guernica. Writers like Ernest Hemingway never acknowledged the cowardly massacre of religious noncombatants. The Republicans also looted the Bank of Spain and sent more than 500 tons of gold to Moscow. This was returned to Spain when Joseph Stalin invested heavily in his plan to bring Spain into the communist sphere. Generalissimo Francisco Franco saved Spain from Russia and did not support Adolf Hitler in World War II. Bart McDonnell Former 1st Lt. U.S. Marine Corps VERO BEACH, FLA. Fragging [Re. “Murder in Vietnam,” by Hamilton Gregory, July 2018]…

2 minutos
an end in sight for korean war?

On April 27 South Korean President Moon Jae-in met with North Korean Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un on the south side of the Joint Security Area in the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). The breakthrough marked the third ever inter-Korean summit and first time since the 1950–53 Korean War that a North Korean leader stood on South Korean soil. During their meeting Moon and Kim adopted the Panmunjom Declaration, pledging to cease all hostile acts, seek a formal end to the war, denuclearize the Korean peninsula and improve cross-cultural relations with an eye toward eventual unification. The war began when North Korea invaded South Korea on June 25, 1950. The United Nations sent military assistance, spearheaded by U.S. troops, to repel the invasion, while China and the Soviet Union supported North Korea with…

1 minutos
japan activates marines for first time since wwii

Amid growing concern China might seize its oil-rich Senakaku Islands in the East China Sea, Japan has activated a new Amphibious Rapid Deployment Brigade—the nation’s first marine unit since World War II. Based on Japan’s southwesternmost main island of Kyushu, the 2,100-man unit raises China’s hackles, as the force could conceivably wage war, a sovereign right Japan renounced in its postwar constitution. In addition to the brigade, Japan has recently beefed up the marine contingent of its Self-Defense Forces with helicopter carriers, Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor troop carriers, and amphibious assault ships and vehicles.…

1 minutos
coast guard retires storied cutter sherman

The U.S. Coast Guard has decommissioned its 378-foot cutter Sherman, the last active warship in the Coast Guard or Navy to have sunk an enemy vessel. One of a dozen Hamilton-class high-endurance cutters, Sherman was launched in 1967. Three years later it joined Operation Market Time, a Vietnam-era effort to intercept wartime smugglers. In a running fight on Nov. 21, 1970, Sherman sank a North Vietnamese armed freighter, earning the cutter the Vietnam War Combat Action Ribbon. In 2001 it became the first Coast Guard cutter to circumnavigate the world, while enforcing U.N. sanctions in the Persian Gulf and making goodwill stops in Madagascar, South Africa and Cape Verde. Sherman also scored the largest drug bust in U.S. history, seizing 17 metric tons of cocaine worth $600 million from a…

1 minutos
war record

Aug. 2, 1917 The German merchant raider SMS Seeadler (P. 58) wrecks on a reef at Mopelia atoll in the Society Islands. Captain Felix von Luckner and five crewmen sail 2,300 miles to Fiji in one of the windjammer’s launches, only to be captured and imprisoned by the British. Aug. 14, 1974 Turkish invasion forces on the Mediterranean island nation of Cyprus (P. 40) launch Operation Attila 2, seeking to prevent Greek Cypriot rebels from politically merging Cyprus into Greece. The Turks succeed in dividing the island into separate ethnic zones. Aug. 31, 1957 The Federation of Malaya declares its independence within the Commonwealth of Nations, rendering moot a communist insurgency against colonial British rule. The rebel forces soon fall apart, ending the Malayan Emergency (P. 66). September 1944 Russian forces invade Hungary during World War II,…

2 minutos
allen finds juneau , ship that claimed sullivan brothers

The maritime research team led by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen [paulallen.com] has located the wreck of USS Juneau, an Atlanta-class light cruiser sunk during the 1942 Battle of Guadalcanal. The ship lies nearly 3 miles beneath the surface, at the bottom of Iron Bottom Sound in the Solomon Islands. Among the 687 men lost with Juneau were George, Frank, Joe, Matt and Al Sullivan, five Irish-American brothers who’d insisted on serving aboard the same ship despite an informal U.S. Navy policy of separating siblings. The tragedy spurred Congress to pass the Sole Survivor Policy of 1948, granting men and women an exemption from the draft or combat duty if they’d already lost siblings in military service. On Nov. 13, 1942, the Japanese submarine I-26—fresh from patrolling the U.S. West Coast—struck Juneau…