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History of WarHistory of War

History of War

No. 66

From the conquering legions of Ancient Rome to the thunderous tank battles of World War II and beyond, History of War takes you deeper inside the minds of history’s fighting men, further under the bonnets of some of the world’s most devastating war machines, and higher above the battlefield to see the broad sweep of conflict as it happened.

United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
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13 Numéros


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Seventy-five years ago, the struggle to expel Axis forces from the Italian peninsula was coming to a brutal crescendo, as German Fallschirmjäger units dug in to blunt the Allied advance. The focus of this uphill struggle soon became Monte Cassino, a 6th century monastery perched in the Abruzzo mountains, and a strongpoint in the German defensive lines.Among the Allied assaults on this position was the Polish II Corps. Known as Anders’ Army, these soldiers had travelled from the USSR, across the Middle East, and through the Desert Rat frontline in North Africa. In the Italian Campaign, the Poles faced their greatest challenge yet, and a chance to strike back at their enemy. VISIT WWW.HISTORYANSWERS.CO.UK  FOR MORE FROM THE HISTORY OF WAR TEAM…

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TOM GARNER On page 38 Royal Artillery and Falklands War veteran Tom Martin shares his experience manning the guns on East Falkland during the 1982 conflict, revealing the vital role artillery played in enabling the successful campaign. MARIANNA BUKOWSKI This issue Marianna spoke with Polish veteran Otton Hulacki of the 4th ‘Skorpion’ Armoured Regiment. He recalls fighting at Monte Cassino, as well as his long journey from captivity in the USSR, to serving in Wladyslaw Anders’s Army (p.26). STUART HADAWAY RAF Senior Researcher Stuart takes a look at the racer origins of the Spitfire for this issue’s Operator’s Handbook. Turn to page 70 to discover how the S.6B sea plane broke speed records and set the blueprints for the iconic fighter. …

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war in focus

“THEY AGREE WITH SHERMAN” Taken: c. June 1944Four Coast Guardsmen, serving as scouts and proceeding in an LCM (landing craft mechanized) to the French invasion beach shortly before H-Hour, get their heads together and display their full accord with General Sherman on the subject of war. They subjected their heads to the shearing just to kill time in the English Channel crossing. THE FATE OF NATIONS Taken: August 1943Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Mackenzie King and the Earl of Athlone pictured at the Quebec Conference, where among other concerns plans were made for the Allied invasion of France, codenamed Operation Overlord. The talks were held over the course of a week, and also included agreements on the use of nuclear weapons and landings on the Italian…

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timeline of the... irish war of independence

21 January 1919 01 FIRST DÁIL The first meeting of the revolutionary parliament of the Irish Republic occurs at Mansion House, Dublin. Known as ‘Dáil Éireann’, the parliament’s members belong to Sinn Féin and declare Irish independence from Britain. The first military engagement of the resulting conflict occurs on the same day at the Soloheadbeg Ambush. 02 SOLOHEADBEG AMBUSH The first engagement of the war sees the Irish Volunteers attacking RIC officers. The policemen are escorting a consignment of gelignite, which is seized by their attackers along with their weapons. Two members of the RIC are killed during the ambush. A government proclamation offering a reward of £1,000 for information regarding those involved in the Soloheadbeg Ambush 1919-22 TARGETING THE…

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1920 bloody sunday

“AN INQUIRY WAS HELD IN THE IMMEDIATE AFTERMATH, BUT ITS REPORT WAS KEPT SECRET FOR MORE THAN 80 YEARS” The war between the rival intelligence services of the Irish Republican Army and the British authorities was vicious, and never more so than on the morning of Bloody Sunday.The British intelligence network was considered a major threat to the Irish independence cause. Many of the British operatives, including the famed ‘Cairo Gang’, had honed their skills during World War I, especially in the Middle East. Now they threatened to cripple the efforts of the IRA to further the cause of Irish independence.As director of intelligence for the IRA, Michael Collins put together a plan to destroy that intelligence network. Using information from a variety of sources, data was…

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death in the castle

The impact of Bloody Sunday was felt on both sides. Several of the gunmen involved on the IRA side left the organisation and never served again. Three of the drivers used to ferry men to their targets later suffered nervous breakdowns, while an auxiliary cadet in Dublin Castle, already traumatised by his experiences in World War I, committed suicide that evening.The day also claimed three more victims after the killings in Dublin and at Croke Park. Dick McKee, probably second only to Collins in terms of importance to the IRA, was picked up by British intelligence operatives along with Peadar Clancy and a student named Conor Clune. The three were taken to Dublin Castle, where they were tortured through the night and killed the next day. Their deaths brought…