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category_outlined / Culture et Littérature
History of WarHistory of War

History of War No. 64

From the conquering legions of Ancient Rome to the thunderous tank battles of World War II and beyond, History of War takes you deeper inside the minds of history’s fighting men, further under the bonnets of some of the world’s most devastating war machines, and higher above the battlefield to see the broad sweep of conflict as it happened.

Pays:
United Kingdom
Langue:
English
Éditeur:
Future Publishing Ltd
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welcome

In the final days of the Third Reich, with Berlin in flames, a few zealous defenders readied a final stand to defend the capital to the death. However, what is most astonishing about this final sacrifice at the point of defeat is that many of these loyal soldiers were not even German. By 1945 the ranks of the Waffen-SS were filled with recruits from across Europe and beyond. Men from several nations, many of which had been conquered by the Nazis, joined to fight for Hitler. They may have signed up for a host of different political and ideological reasons, but many – such as the French and Scandinavian defenders in the final hours of Berlin – were prepared to lay down their lives for the Nazi cause.…

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contributors

TOM GARNER Tom spoke with Bletchley Park veteran Ruth Bourne, who discusses her work with the famous Bombe machine – find the interview, which includes a beautiful illustration of the machine by artist Dawn Monks, starting on page 60. JONATHAN TRIGG A former officer of the Royal Anglian Regiment, and before that a Sandhurst graduate, Jon is now a widely published authority on the history of the Waffen-SS. Turn to page 26 to find his feature on the foreigners who joined the Nazi ranks. MARC DESANTIS Even in a war characterised by futile loss of life and intense, protracted jungle combat, the Battle for Hamburger Hill still manages to stand out. Turn to page 38 for Marc’s blow-by-blow account of this infamous Vietnam clash. SIGN UP TO THE HISTORY OF WAR NEWSLETTER FOR ISSUE PREVIEWS &…

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war in focus

READY TO SAIL Taken: c. 1917 West Indian recruits pose for a photo after arriving for duty in the Royal Navy during WWI. As well as answering the empire’s call to join the Royal Navy and Fleet Auxiliary, over 15,000 men from Barbados, Jamaica, Trinidad and other Caribbean islands volunteered to fight. The British West Indies Regiment fought in many of the bloodiest battles of the war. BLACK HAWK DROP Taken: 19 June 2004 Members of an American Quick Response Force (QRF) scan their surroundings after being dropped off by a Black Hawk helicopter, during a mission in Iraq. These quick reaction or response teams were on constant standby during US operations in the region, providing assistance and support to US or allied forces who found themselves in extreme danger. REINDEER RESISTANCE Taken: c. 1942 A soldier stands…

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timeline of the... royal engineers

1066-1787 ROYAL FOUNDATIONS William the Conqueror introduces royally appointed military engineers to England from 1066. Henry V raises a permanent ‘Office of Ordnance’ that comprises artillerymen and officers in 1415, which later becomes the ‘Corps of Engineers’ in 1716. George III grants a warrant to the corps in 1787, which finally establishes the ‘Royal Engineers’. 19th century CONSTRUCTIONS AND COLONIES At the height of the British Empire, Royal Engineers design and construct significant engineering schemes around the world. These include much of India’s colonial infrastructure, Dover’s Western Heights, the Rideau Canal and the Royal Albert Hall. They even found British Columbia in Canada under the command of Lieutenant-Governor Richard Clement Moody. March 1875 WINNING THE FA CUP Royal Engineers AFC is one of the strongest sides in English football during the 1870s. The players are all officers and…

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projects, battles and operations

“I COULD NEVER HAVE MAINTAINED THE SPEED AND TEMPO OF FORWARD MOVEMENT WITHOUT LARGE SUPPLIES OF BAILEY BRIDGING” – Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery 1 GREAT SIEGE OF GIBRALTAR 24 JUNE 1779-7 FEBRUARY 1783 GIBRALTAR, IBERIAN PENINSULA Engineers of the Soldier Artificer Company dig a tunnel in the North Face of 'the Rock' in order to place cannon that can fire down on French and Spanish forces. The siege ends in a decisive British victory after three years and seven months. 2 LINES OF TORRES VEDRAS 1809-10 TORRES VEDRAS, PORTUGAL Designed by Lieutenant Colonel Sir Richard Fletcher to defend Lisbon during the Peninsular War, the lines are a series of secretly constructed forts. Built by Portuguese workers but supervised by engineering officers, these ingenious defences halt Marshal André Masséna’s French offensive of 1810. 3 LOCHNAGAR MINE EXPLOSION 1 JULY…

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famous battle hawthorn ridge 1916

World War I tested the skill of the Royal Engineers as the reality of industrialised conflict demanded their expertise. Both sides faced the need to break through the enemy’s defensive entrenched positions, and it was into this situation of military stalemate that the RE came into its own. Mining operations underneath enemy positions was a practice that dated back to ancient times, but it developed rapidly during WWI. The pre-war British Army did not consider underground warfare to be a serious possibility, but the Royal Engineers still received a small amount of training in sapping, mining and tunnelling operations. Nevertheless, on 20 December 1914 German sappers blew ten small mines underneath British positions at Givenchy, which resulted in the loss of over 800 men of the Indian Corps. In response to…

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