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category_outlined / Culture et Littérature
History of WarHistory of War

History of War No. 63

From the conquering legions of Ancient Rome to the thunderous tank battles of World War II and beyond, History of War takes you deeper inside the minds of history’s fighting men, further under the bonnets of some of the world’s most devastating war machines, and higher above the battlefield to see the broad sweep of conflict as it happened.

Pays:
United Kingdom
Langue:
English
Éditeur:
Future Publishing Ltd
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welcome

In 1942, with the Empire of Japan on the offensive, Britain’s own imperial possessions and allies in the Far East and the Pacific suddenly found themselves in the firing line of a new, perilous front.Men from across Australia, who had already answered the call to arms, now found themselves facing a threat much closer to home. Outnumbered and in many cases outgunned, small Aussie units deployed on Timor, Guinea and elsewhere resorted to guerrilla tactics –using their bush craft and knowledge of the topography to harass the Japanese.This issue, Dr Karl James of the Australian War Memorial explains how these guerrilla forces helped hold the empire’s frontline against all the odds. SIGN UP TO THE HISTORY OF WAR NEWSLETTER FOR ISSUE PREVIEWS & MORE …

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contributors

TOM GARNER Vietnam vet Stuart Steinberg spoke with Tom about his service as a bomb disposal expert, revealing the dangers and horrors he encountered (p.62). In this issue’s Frontline, Tom delves into the campaigns of Napoleon III (p.14). DR KARL JAMES Senior historian at the Australian War Memorial, Dr James joins us this issue to discuss how Aussie independent companies on Timor countered the Japanese invasion – using guerrilla tactics, bush craft and sheer grit (p.26). DR BERNARD WILKIN This month Dr Wilkin took time out of his work at the State Archives, Belgium, to uncover the little-known Allied propaganda drops during WWI. Turn to page 42 to find out how ‘fake news’ found its way to the Western Front. ■…

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war in focus

“HALT! NO SMOKING!” Taken: c. 1923 A French soldier raises his bayonet towards a German civilian in a city in the Ruhr. The industrial region was occupied by France after Germany defaulted on its significant war debts. They had been enforced in the Treaty of Versailles but were too large for the economy to cope with and resulted in economic disaster and the eventual fall of the Weimar Republic. ‘NAPOLÉON ON THE BATTLEFIELD OF EYLAU’ Painted: 1808 This oil on canvas by Antoine-Jean Gros depicts the gruesome scenes of a Napoleonic battlefield, showing the emperor surrounded by dying and wounded men. The Battle of Eylau was a bloody encounter: Russian, Prussian and French casualties ran into the tens of thousands. ARCTIC ARDENNES (© Alamy)…

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timeline of the... second french empire

2 December 1851-2 December 1852 COUP D’ÉTAT OF 1851 Napoleon I’s nephew Prince Louis-Napoléon, the first president of France, launches a coup to stay in office. Soldiers occupy strategic points in Paris, and hundreds of opponents are killed while thousands more are arrested. The Second French Empire is proclaimed and Louis-Napoléon becomes Emperor Napoleon III. General Armand d’Allonville’s cavalry in the streets of Paris during Louis-Napoléon’s coup of 1851 1854-56 CRIMEAN WAR Napoleon III allies with Britain and the Ottoman Empire against Russia in the Crimea. Over 300,000 French soldiers and sailors serve in the war, incurring high casualties of almost 135,500 men. The victory over Russia increases French authority and prestige in Europe. 1852-71 EXPANDING THE…

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intervention in mexico

1 BATTLE OF PUEBLA 5 MAY 1862 PUEBLA CITY French general Charles de Lorencez leads an army towards Mexico City, but the path is blocked at Puebla. The French attack a fortified Mexican defensive position but are repulsed by republicans led by Ignacio Zaragoza. The French lose hundreds of men and are forced to retreat to the coast. 2 SIEGE OF PUEBLA 16 MARCH-17 MAY 1863 PUEBLA CITY The French encircle Puebla and make several assaults against the republican garrison. Mexican attempts to relieve the siege fail, and the garrison eventually asks for an armistice. The French occupy the city, which also opens the road to Mexico City. 3 BATTLE OF CAMARÓN 30 APRIL 1863 CAMARóN DE TEJEDA,…

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famous battle magenta 1859

The road to Italian unification during the 19th century was long, complex and involved several wars. Of those, the Second Italian War of Independence of 1859 was one of the most significant conflicts. It resulted in the establishment of a ‘Kingdom of Italy’ that comprised virtually all the Italian peninsula apart from Venice, San Marino and the area around Rome.A large factor in the outbreak of war was the attempts of Victor Emmanuel II, the king of Sardinia, to drive the Austrian Habsburg dynasty out of northern Italy. Austria ruled Venice and large parts of the north while also heavily influencing the duchies of Parma and Tuscany. Sardinia, which included the principality of Piedmont, was independent and found a sympathetic ally in Napoleon III, who had fought with Italian…

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