EXPLOREMY LIBRARY
Science
Australian Geographic

Australian Geographic March - April 2015

Australian Geographic, Australia’s premier geographic journal, brings you the best of the country from those who know it best. Discover Australia’s rich cultural heritage, its beautiful landscapes, its unique and diverse plants and wildlife, and explore outback towns and the true-blue characters who call them home.

Country:
Australia
Language:
English
Publisher:
Australian Geographic Holdings Pty Ltd
Frequency:
Bimonthly
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6 Issues

in this issue

2 min.
lest we forget

FROM MY office I can see the Anzac Memorial rising above the green canopy of Sydney’s Hyde Park – its restrained art deco elegance a contrast to the uninspiring concrete towers that dwarf it, and its quiet ambience a welcome respite in the midst of a manic workday. In the absence of private graves, such public shrines provided places for families of the fallen of World War I to gather, grieve and remember their loved ones. On 25 April this year, many of us will gather at similar monuments all around the country to mark 100 years since the first Gallipoli landings in 1915. It’s an anniversary of great significance to Australians. The Anzac legend is closely tied to notions of national identity, and we are said to have come of…

1 min.
contributors

Andrew Gregory is a much celebrated photographer and an adventurer who has been travelling and working around Australia for most of his life – he thinks there can’t be too much of this vast continent that he hasn’t seen. Andrew is also a previous Australian Geographic Society Spirit of Adventure awardee. In this issue, we focus on his photography work with remote piloted aircraft as he set out to capture Australia from a novel perspective. UNSEEN SYDNEY, PAGE 64 Alasdair McGregor is a writer, painter, photographer and one-time architect based in Sydney who has contributed to AG for many years. His interests range across natural history and environment, architecture and design, and the history of exploration. Alasdair is the author of a series of books including Mawson’s Huts: An Antarctic Expedition Journal…

1 min.
blow-ins

Since 2006 Australian photographer Michael Hall has been documenting the effects of climate change around the world. In 2010 he captured this shot of wind turbine blades travelling by train near Barstow in California, USA. They were en route to the San Gorgonio Pass, the site of one of the nation’s largest wind farms. Currently, California is on track to meet its goal of powering 33 per cent of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020. WATCH Use the free viewaapp to see more of Michael Hall’s photographs charting the effects of climate change.…

4 min.
decorated for service

THE MEDALS emblazoned across breast pockets of veterans on Anzac Days past were most likely given for service. While awards for valour, such as the Victoria and Military crosses and the Distinguished Service Order, fuelled national pride during the war effort, the need to recognise every individual’s contribution became a concern for the Commonwealth Ministry of Defence. The costs and logistics were prohibitive, so it wasn’t until 1917 that a Commonwealth wide medal was agreed upon; each nation was responsible for distributing awards to its veterans. According to Clive Johnson OAM, author of Australians Awarded, about 1,040,000 service medals were given to some 420,000 Australians for their contribution to WWI, while a further 23,363 were recognised for bravery or distinguished service. The most commonly awarded are featured here. Service medals are…

1 min.
the price of war

ANZAC CENTENARY APRIL 1915 The Allies land at Gallipoli on 25 April. By the 26th, more than 2000 Australians are dead or wounded. MAY–JUNE 1915 Three battles to seize the village of Krithia fail. In a single hour during the second battle, 1000 Australians are killed or injured. AUG 1915 A series of bloody battles known as the August Offensive is waged at Sari Blair, Lone Pine, the Nek and Hill 60. 7100 Australians are killed. DEC–JAN 1916 Australian troops evacuate on 16 December. Most are sent to the Western Front. FEB 1916 After the evacuation, an additional 180 Allied soldiers die of wounds and diseases. THESE FIGURES provide a snapshot of the losses suffered by Commonwealth troops at Gallipoli. As well as 33,522 deaths, of which 8709 were Australian, there were a further 78,520 recorded woundings. French forces suffered 17,000…

3 min.
bouncing back

IT’S A REMARKABLE tale. The bridled nailtail wallaby was once abundant across a large area of inland eastern Australia. But – as with many medium-sized marsupials – populations plummeted after European colonisation and the introduction of feral predators. By the 1930s it had disappeared, with the last animal spotted in 1937 – yet another extinction for the records. That was until 1973, when a fencing contractor working on a property about to be cleared for cattle near the outback town of Dingo, Queensland, noticed an unusual wallaby. His wife matched the description to an article on extinct species in Woman’s Day magazine. The family got in touch with the authorities. By 1978 the Queensland Government bought the property to protect the few hundred wallabies that remained, and it became part of…