Kultur & Literatur
Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire

Explore the great Islamic Empire that existed right under Europe's nose for more than 500 years. Get to know the most powerful Sultans, step inside the Topkapi Palace to investigate all the scandals of the harem, or get amongst Ottoman citizenry and find out why this diverse kingdom was a peaceful home for peoples from all walks of life. Pour over the finest Ottoman arts and crafts, and take a peek at its most famous mosques and landmarks. With such a rich culture on offer, it's no wonder the Ottoman Empire was one of the most influential powers of the age.

United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
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in dieser ausgabe

1 Min.
welcome to the empire ottoman

Renowned for their stunning carpets, silken robes and powerful sultans, the Ottomans presided over a golden empire. Trace their history back to their days wandering the Central Asian steppe, before settling in Anatolia and laying siege to the city of Constantinople – prizing it from the Byzantines. See the Empire expand deeper into Asia, Africa and Europe, becoming the thorn in the side of the European powers for centuries. With the House of Osman ruling for more than 500 years, learn how Ottoman customs, costume and culture permeated throughout the world, and what we can still be thankful to the Ottomans for today. Pour over the pages of this book to discover one of the greatest empires history has ever known.…

3 Min.
ottoman rise & fall

C.1299 A NEW BEGINNING Under the leadership of a man called Osman, a Seljuk Turk, a new empire is founded in Anatolia. It is named the Ottoman Empire, after its first sultan who creates the Imperial House of Osman. 1354 FALL OF GA LLIPOLI Orhan, son of Osman I, orders a raid the shores of the Sea of Marmara and Gallipoli. The Ottomans take the area, which is their first victory in mainland Europe. More are to follow. 1878-1912 A SHRINKING EMPIRED The Ottoman Empire steadily loses more and more territory, including modern-day Romania, Serbia and Bulgaria. The empire becomes known as the Sick Man of Europe. 1853-56 CRIMEAN WAR ENDS Russia invades the Crimea, which is under the control of the Ottomans. The Turks win, forcing Russia to withdraw, after pulling in other European powers. 1841 LONDON STRAITS CONVENTION A treaty is signed…

4 Min.
who are the ottoman?

The earliest beginnings of the Ottoman empire can be traced back to the Seljuks, a dynasty of nomadic Oghuz Turks from Central Asia and Outer Mongolia. In the 9th century, Turkic mercenaries began to cross paths with the Arab Muslim dynasties from further west, sparking mass conversions to the Islamic faith. In the 11th century, starved of land and opportunity, thousands of Oghuz horsemen descended upon eastern Anatolia, plundering all the way to Byzantium, before returning to Khorasan laden with spoils. Later, under Seljuk leadership, they swooped into Persia, which had long seceded from the formerly pre-eminent Abbasid Empire, subjugating the Ghaznavids and establishing control over the Abbasid caliphs, who bestowed the Seljuk leader the title of sultan. When the sultan, Tugril, died in 1063, his nephew, Alp Arslan, defeated his…

1 Min.
the 11th century muslim world

Following the campaigns of the prophet Mohammad and his immediate successors, the Muslim world reached its zenith during the reign of the Umayyad dynasty. When they were overthrown by the Abbasids in 750, the empire stretched from Persia to the Maghreb, into Spain. While Andalusia immediately fell to the sole surviving Umayyad Abd al-Rahman, the Maghreb split into independent Berber and Arab domains. Even more disastrously, Egypt and the rest of North Africa were then lost to the Fatimid dynasty, who pledged their loyalty to the Ismaili Shi’a imam, rather than the Sunni caliph. They established a new capital at Cairo, to rival the might and prestige of the Abbasid capital of Baghdad. Before long, the Abbasids’ remaining holdings would follow suit; splintering into subsidiary and breakaway domains. The Qarmatians, a…

8 Min.
osman i

In 1071 BCE the Seljuk Turks overwhelmed the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of Manzikert, opening up Anatolia for Turkic settlers from Iran and Central Asia, desperate for new land and pasturage. Nomadic chiefs placed tentative roots, paying tribute to their Seljuk overlords while subjugating the local Christian populace beneath Muslim rule. However, by the 14th century the entire region was in a state of chaos. The Byzantine Empire, the torch-bearer of the mighty Eastern Roman Empire, had been reduced to a shadow of its former self, contained to Constantinople, Thrace, Macedonia, parts of Greece and a few coastal ports in western Anatolia. Meanwhile, though the Seljuks had been decisively routed by the Mongols after the fracture of the Mongol Empire, both could feel the region slipping from their hands. In…

1 Min.
osman’s army

Osman’s early army consisted of Turkic nomads wielding composite bows made of wood, horn, sinew and glue along with swords, battle-axes, maces and even flails. Most warriors wore leather and woollen thick-padded garments, bolstered only with small circular shields, leather or metal helmets and, for wealthier soldiers, chain mail. Their light armour gave them exceptional mobility, with the commanding unit flanked by two main wings. Osman would have communicated strategies through flags and whistling arrows. A favourite trick to set up a counter-attack was to have soldiers ride just out of the enemy’s line of fire, lob volleys of arrows at the enemy and retreat, followed by another line. Each cavalryman owned up to three horses, helping the army to keep the tempo up with a steady stream of volleys. The…