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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

May/June 2021
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COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

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United States
Cricket Media, Inc.
9 Issues

in this issue

2 min.
getting started

In July 1944, the Democratic party gathered for its national convention in Chicago. The party was delighted that President Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) had said he would run for a fourth term. No president had won more than two terms. FDR’s leadership had been crucial during two major crises faced by Americans: the Great Depression (1929–1939) and World War II (1939–1945). The Democrats were pretty sure of his chances of getting reelected and thus keeping their party in power. The thing that Democratic leaders weren’t sure about was who should be the vice president. Roosevelt’s health was noticeably failing. Democratic party leaders understood that the man who ran with FDR in 1944 most likely would finish FDR’s term. And they did not want that person to be the sitting vice president,…

5 min.
a missouri boy

Harry S. Truman was born on May 8, 1884, in a tiny house in Lamar, a small town in southwestern Missouri. His parents named him Harry, after his uncle Harrison Young. They couldn’t agree on a middle name, though. They chose the initial “S.” It worked for both grandfathers, Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young. When Harry was two years old, his brother, John Vivian, was born. Three years later, their sister, Mary Jane, joined the family. When Harry was three, the Trumans moved to Grandfather Young’s 600-acre farm. Their new home was in Grandview, about 18 miles south of Kansas City, Missouri. The boys had two swings—one hanging from a big elm tree near the house and one inside for rainy days. They raced their little red wagon on the porch.…

4 min.
from missouri to d.c.

Harry S. Truman hated war, but he loved his country. From 1905 to 1911, he had served as a member of the Missouri National Guard in Kansas City. When the United States entered World War I in 1917, he reenlisted. He knew he wouldn’t be able to pass the vision test, so he memorized the eye chart and passed the physical. His unit became part of the U.S. Army’s 129th Field Artillery. Truman was promoted to first lieutenant. After eight months of training in Oklahoma, Truman’s unit sailed for France on March 30, 1918. Truman wrote to his fiancée, Bess Wallace, “I am a Battery commander now.” He was made captain of a unit of men who were unruly and rough. Truman was short and wore glasses. He was scared, but…

4 min.
an unexpected president

In early 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt decided to run for an unprecedented fourth term as president. He already had served 12 years, longer than any president in U.S. history. He wanted to bring America to victory in World War II (1939–1945) and help shape the postwar world. Roosevelt’s health was failing, though. Doctors privately believed he would not survive another term in office. Democratic party leaders supported Roosevelt’s decision to run. They did not support his running mate, Vice President Henry A. Wallace. They did not like Wallace’s liberal political views. Some party leaders were not sure that Roosevelt could win if Wallace remained on the ticket. And the scenario of Roosevelt winning, dying in office, and Wallace becoming president was unacceptable to party leaders. They searched for a new…

6 min.
on the home front

President Harry S. Truman faced several domestic challenges in the spring of 1945. His primary task was converting the United States back to a peacetime economy. For nearly four years, Americans had made sacrifices to help win World War II (1939–1945). They had lived under enforced rationing, price controls, and supply shortages. Their ability to purchase fuel, clothing, meat, dairy, and other common household items had been restricted. Many industries also froze wages and benefits. As fighting in the war ended, Americans wanted those government restrictions eased. At the same time, Truman had to address the nation’s sharp rise in unemployment and a housing shortage. During the war, the federal government had contracted with businesses and industries to produce everything from ships to weapons and other war materiel. When the war…

7 min.
leader in an uncertain world

On August 8, 1945, President Harry S. Truman signed the United Nations (UN) charter. That action made the United States the first nation to ratify the charter. The UN’s mission was to help nations handle disputes. Coming on the heels of World War II (1939–1945), the hope was that the UN would oversee an era of international peace. Meeting in Germany Less than a month earlier, Truman had traveled to Germany to attend the Potsdam Conference. Germany had surrendered in May, and the Allies met in July to develop a postwar plan for that nation. They divided Germany into four zones. The Soviet Union controlled the eastern half of the country. France, Great Britain, and the United States controlled the western half. Germany’s former capital of Berlin was deep inside Soviet territory.…