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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and ChildrenCobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children April 2015

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Cricket Media, Inc.
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9 Issues

IN THIS ISSUE

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consulting editors about the cover

Courtney Speckmann, Director of Education, and Joel Treese, Senior Research Associate, The White House Historical Association. The White House Historical Association is a nonprofit educational organization founded in 1961 to support the understanding, appreciation, and enjoyment of the Executive Mansion. All proceeds fund the acquisition of historic furnishings and art work for the permanent White House collection, assist in the preservation of public rooms, and further the association’s educational mission. For more information, visit www.WhiteHouseHistory.org. How many of these presidential faces do you recognize? By the end of this issue, we hope you can identify them all! (White House Historical Association, White House Collection, presidential portraits; American Spirit/Shutterstock.com, presidential seal) ■…

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a juggling act

Hail to the chief! So many jobs, so little time.In the 20th century, as the United States emerged as a world leader, the role of the U.S. president also increased and expanded. Today, the president of the United States has many jobs. Performing them is a giant juggling act. Here’s a look at the different roles that presidents are expected to fill. Chief Executive Article II of the Constitution instructs that the president must “take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed.” To do that, the president sets priorities and makes decisions. The president issues executive orders and makes appointments. And the president heads a huge bureaucracy—a large organization with a chain of command with him or her at the top. Today, more than 4 million people work in…

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26 theodore roosevelt

Monopolies are companies that control or have the exclusive ability to provide certain goods or services.A corollary is a result or natural consequence of something, such as a policy or thought, that came before.On September 14, 1901, just six months after becoming vice president, 42-year-old Theodore Roosevelt was sworn in as president of the United States—the youngest thus far. His predecessor, William McKinley, had died that day after being shot a week earlier.Despite the tragic circumstances that brought him to the presidency, Roosevelt redefined the office and expanded its powers, leading many to consider him the first modern U.S. president. He showed how the power of the president could lead the way to address important issues that faced the nation.At the turn of the 20th century, the United States was…

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27 william h. taft

As President Theodore Roosevelt’s time in office began to wind down, he made a decision: He wanted his secretary of war, William H. Taft, to become the next president. With Roosevelt’s support, Taft won the 1908 election in a landslide, and he promised to continue Roosevelt’s progressive policies to help the working class and the poor.Taft’s administration introduced 80 antitrust suits, and it directed the Interstate Commerce Commission to take control of railroad rates. Congress passed two amendments to the Constitution: The 16th Amendment established a federal income tax, and the 17th Amendment allowed for the direct election of U.S. senators.Some of Taft’s policies were unpopular. He supported an act to continue high tariffs, and he defended his secretary of the interior after he was accused of failing to maintain…

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28 woodrow wilson

Woodrow Wilson campaigned for president in 1912 by proposing a “New Freedom” for the nation. After winning the presidency, he worked with Congress to pass several major pieces of legislation. The Underwood Act introduced a graduated federal income tax. The Federal Trade Commission was set up to oversee fair business practices, and the Federal Reserve Act created a system to regulate the nation’s money supply.Wilson also wanted the federal government to help average Americans: He made efforts to outlaw child labor, pushed for an eight-hour workday, and supported labor groups.The biggest issue Wilson faced was World War I (1914–1918). For the first three years of the conflict, he struggled to keep the United States at peace. But the Great War had far-reaching repercussions, as country after country with centuries-old resentments…

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29 warren g. harding

Known for his speaking ability, Warren G. Harding easily won the presidency in 1920 with the campaign slogan “A return to normalcy,” but he may have been the man least prepared for the stresses of the office. Harding tried to fill his Cabinet with the nation’s best minds, but some of his associates later proved unworthy of his trust. A few of his friends and advisors engaged in illegal behavior, using their official positions for money and influence. While on a train journey across the United States in 1923, Harding died of a heart attack. After his death, the Teapot Dome scandals became public, and Harding’s secretary of the interior, Albert B. Fall, was the first Cabinet official to be sentenced to prison for accepting bribes in exchange for leasing…

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