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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and ChildrenCobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children April 2016

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Cricket Media, Inc.
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9 Issues

IN THIS ISSUE

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editor’s note

Each of the structures highlighted in this issue has become an example of mankind’s ability to create astounding things. In some cases, they reflect the effort to recognize a problem or an issue and to solve it. In other cases, they represent how Americans have chosen to commemorate important people or historic events.Whatever the reason for building these marvelous man-made structures, they have become iconic symbols of the United States. They transformed how Americans interacted with and pictured themselves in the world around them. Editor ■…

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a great enterprise the brooklyn bridge

The New York tower of the Brooklyn Bridge looms above the city during construction in 1876.The opening ceremony of the Brooklyn Bridge on May 24, 1883, attracted “immense throngs.” According to journalists, a crowd of more than 150,000 people crossed the bridge that day “and blackened every street and dock and house—for miles.” On hand were U.S. president Grover Cleveland, the mayors of the cities of New York and Brooklyn, and delegations of businessmen. There were fireworks, speeches, and music. And praise! Articles were filled with it. The bridge, one magazine claimed, “stands as one of the latest marvels of the nineteenth century.” It was called “the great enterprise” and simply “the great bridge.”The first bridge to use steel-wire construction, the Brooklyn Bridge also became the longest suspension bridge in…

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guarding the bay the golden gate bridge

When California’s magnificent Golden Gate Bridge was completed on May 27, 1937, it became the longest suspension bridge in the world (a record that lasted until 1964). The tower-to-tower main span is 4,200 feet, while the entire length of the steel bridge extends almost 9,000 feet. It provides a heavily used link between the city of San Francisco and Marin County.Critics had worried that strong winds, dangerous currents, and heavy fog would prevent a bridge from being built across the strait where the San Francisco Bay meets the Pacific Ocean. But Chief Engineer Joseph P. Strauss was determined to see it built. He wrote a poem, “The Mighty Task Is Done,” celebrating the end of four years of construction.The local San Francisco Chronicle observed that the bridge looked like a…

access_time3 min.
in memory of the man the washington monument

Before the Washington Monument became a national symbol, it was a national embarrassment. For more than 20 years, it remained only one-third completed. When American author Mark Twain saw the eyesore, he compared it to “a factory chimney with the top broken off.”A thankful Continental Congress had voted to build a monument to George Washington in 1783, the year that the Revolutionary War officially ended. It wanted to erect a statue of Washington on a horse near the place where Congress would meet, but Congress did not have a permanent meeting place until 1800. As Congress prepared to move to the new nation’s capital—Washington, D.C.—the former general, first president, and namesake for the city died in December 1799. Some members of Congress hoped to bury Washington beneath the new U.S.…

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presidential faces mount rushmore

With 11-foot eyes and 20-foot noses, the 60-foot-tall faces on Mount Rushmore are truly enormous. If the heads were attached to bodies, they would be 465 feet tall!The carved faces of presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln were designed by artist Gutzon Borglum. According to the National Park Service, Borglum chose those four presidents because they captured the nation’s greatness.Workers hung by harnesses from the mountain as they used dynamite and jackhammers to blast and carve the faces into the granite rock of South Dakota’s Black Hills.It required nearly 400 men and 14 years to complete. When Borglum died in March 1941, his son, James Lincoln Borglum, took over and finished the job in October 1941. Today, Mount Rushmore National Memorial is one of the most…

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a symbol of friendship the statue of liberty

At a dinner party in 1865, Edouard de Laboulaye, a French law professor, shared his idea of a symbolic gift with Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, a French sculptor. Laboulaye wanted to commemorate the friendship between the United States and France, which dated back to the Revolutionary War (1775–1783). Bartholdi was enthusiastic about the concept, but several years passed before he was awarded the commission for the monument.In 1874, Bartholdi visited the United States to look for a suitable location for a monument. He found it on Bedloe’s Island, now named Liberty Island, in New York Harbor. Upon seeing the spot, Bartholdi claimed that he also settled on what he would build. Naming it “Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World,” he vowed that it would be the largest statue in the world.…

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