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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and ChildrenCobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children September 2018

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Cricket Media, Inc.
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9 Issues

IN THIS ISSUE

access_time2 min.
getting started

Dr. Benjamin Rush lived in Philadelphia in the 1700s, which allowed him to participate meaningfully in the nation’s early history. Quick! Name the three best-known Americans during the Revolutionary War-era. We’ll get the list started for you. The first two people are George Washington and Benjamin Franklin. And number three is? Does Dr. Benjamin Rush sound familiar? If not, get ready to meet this interesting but less well-known Founding Father.Rush was among the many great thinkers who participated in the founding of the nation. He lived in Philadelphia. Philadelphia was the fastest-growing city in the Colonies. It was where many of the meetings in which decisions about the future of the country took place. Rush participated in some of those nation-forming organizations and conventions. Those…

access_time3 min.
seizing opportunity

Benjamin Rush’s childhood had moments of tragedy and of opportunity. His father, John Rush, was a farmer and a gunsmith. John and his wife, Susanna, settled in Byberry Township, about 12 miles outside Philadelphia. Benjamin was born on January 4, 1746. When he was about six years old, his father died. Susanna was left to care for their seven children on her own. She moved the family to Philadelphia and opened a general store. Philadelphia was the largest city in the American Colonies. Susanna’s shop was so successful that she opened a second store selling china.Benjamin might have lived out his days as a farmer or a shopkeeper. But his mother sent him and his brother Jacob to live with an uncle. The Rev. Dr. Samuel Finley was the…

access_time1 min.
mrs. rush was famous, too!

Like her husband, Julia Stockton Rush was devoted to the patriot cause. With Esther de Berdt Reed and Sarah Franklin Bache, she formed the Ladies Association of Philadelphia. During the Revolutionary War (1775–1783), they organized prominent women in the city to raise money to aid the Continental Army. Word of their fundraising spread to other colonies, too. The Philadelphia association hoped to simply give the money to the soldiers. But General George Washington did not like that idea. He feared that the soldiers would not spend it wisely. He asked the women to make shirts for the men. Clothing for the soldiers was scarce. The women bought linen, thread, and needles and went to work. They presented the army with 2,200 hand-sewn shirts in 1780. ■…

access_time5 min.
famous physician

Dr. Benjamin Rush In Colonial America, medicine as a profession was open only to men. Few doctors had any formal medical training. They mostly were self-taught or learned as apprentices. There were no qualifying exams or licensing procedures. Doctors were asked to make house calls only for serious illnesses. Physicians also functioned as apothecaries. They made and sold medicines, as pharmacists do today.Young Benjamin Rush was one of the few Colonial doctors who served as an apprentice and obtained a medical degree. He apprenticed for five years with Dr. John Redman, Philadelphia’s leading physician. He prepared medicines in Redman’s apothecary shop. He visited patients in the city’s Pennsylvania Hospital. It was the first public hospital in the Colonies when it opened in 1751. In 1765, Philadelphia…

access_time5 min.
colonial diseases

Professional doctors were relied on mostly by wealthy families or by desperate families when an illness had moved beyond their care. In 1736, four-year-old Franky developed a fever and aches. Then spots appeared all over his body—even in his mouth. Within a few days, the boy was dead. Franky was the son of famous inventor and patriot Benjamin Franklin. Like so many others in the 1700s, he died of smallpox. Around the same time that Franky became ill in Philadelphia, hundreds of people in New England died of “throat distemper.” The victims were mostly children. They experienced fevers and sore throats. Their tonsils became inflamed. Historians think the epidemic was caused by one of two diseases: scarlet fever, which brings a red rash, or diphtheria, which causes…

access_time1 min.
cure for a cough

[Cough] may be cured in the Beginning with riding moderately on Horseback every Day, and only taking a little Ground Ivy Tea sweeten’d with Syrup of Horehound at Night when you go to Bed. But in case it be violent, it will be proper to bleed Eight Ounces and be constant in the Use of the other Remedies. In the mean while, you must use a spare and cooling Diet, without either Flesh or strong Drink. Nor should you stove yourself up in a warm Room, but breathe as much as possible in the open Air. And to prevent this Mischief, don’t make yourself tender [“soft”], but wash every Day in cold Water, and very often your Feet. ■…

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