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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and ChildrenCobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children March 2019

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Cricket Media, Inc.
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9 Issues

IN THIS ISSUE

access_time3 min.
getting started

The first heavier-than-air, manned, controlled flight took place in 1903. It lasted 12 seconds. It went 120 feet. The Wright brothers built their famous airplane mostly of wood with wings covered by a light fabric. It ran on one small engine. It didn’t have a seat. Orville Wright lay down on his stomach on the lower wing. Yet, it didn’t take long for airplanes and the idea of flight to take off. They captured people’s imaginations in the early 1900s. Crowds flocked to air shows to see the latest flying machines. Those aircraft seemed to defy gravity. Curious people went on rides. Adventurous people learned how to fly. That’s how Amelia Earhart got started in her aviation career. She attended air shows while she was living in Canada in 1918. She took her…

access_time5 min.
young amelia

Amelia hoped her grandmother had not seen her jump the fence. She didn’t want to be reminded to behave like a young lady. Although at times Amelia enjoyed sitting quietly to read, she liked exploring outdoors. She played baseball and football with equipment her father bought. She also enjoyed experimenting with new ideas such as designing a trap to catch the neighbor’s chickens when they raided the backyard garden. Or learning how to use a gun to shoot at rats in the barn. Amelia’s parents, Amelia “Amy” Otis and Samuel “Edwin” Earhart, married in 1895. Amy came from a well-to-do, socially prominent family in Atchison, Kansas. Edwin was one of 12 children and the son of a poor minister. He worked his way through college to become a lawyer. Edwin’s job…

access_time4 min.
high fliers

In the first decades of the 1900s, women aviators performed for crowds as wing walkers and flew aerobatics. They completed record-setting flights in noisy open-cockpit airplanes. That might sound exciting, but it was not for the faint-hearted. Take Elinor Smith. She flew solo when she was 15 years old. A couple of years later, in 1928, she flew a biplane under all four suspension bridges on the East River in New York City. “I had to dodge a couple of ships near the bridges, but there was plenty of room,” she reported later. In 1930, she attempted a world-altitude record. She reached 27,419 feet on the first attempt. The following year, she reached 32,576 feet. At that level, however, the cold temperatures froze the fuel line. As the plane started coughing…

access_time6 min.
crossing the atlantic, twice

As better-built airplanes were introduced in the early 1900s, people were intrigued by the idea of using one to cross the Atlantic Ocean. A generous money prize was offered to the first person to successfully complete a nonstop flight between New York and Paris. But the weather over the ocean and the distance created challenges. Pilots attempting the crossing crashed or died. Then, on May 21, 1927, U.S. airmail pilot Charles Lindbergh captured the world’s attention—and the prize money. “Lucky Lindy” became the first person to make a solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean. It took him almost 34 hours to fly 3,600 miles. Plans quickly got under way for additional Atlantic flights. Socialite Mabel Boll hoped to make history by paying someone to fly her across the Atlantic as…

access_time2 min.
airplane anatomy

Aircraft moved quickly from being innovative structures in the early 1900s to becoming the foundation for a valuable airmail and transportation industry. The first U.S. airliner, designed to carry eight passengers, was introduced around 1925. By the 1930s, airline companies had formed. They began offering regular, scheduled flights for up to 20 passengers. By the 1950s, air travel in jetliners, such as the one shown here, became common. Wing Designed to generate lift for an airplane. The shape of the wing, known as an airfoil, is designed to make air move faster over the top, which, along with forward thrust, lifts the plane Aileron A movable flap on a wing that controls an airplane’s movement from side to side (also known as roll ) Horizontal stabilizer A fixed horizontal plate that keeps an airplane flying straight Elevator A…

access_time4 min.
the “ladybirds” show their stuff

The ladybirds are readying their planes for the first Powder Puff Derby.” That’s how American humorist Will Rogers described women pilots at the start of the first Women’s Air Derby. It was typical of Americans’ attitude toward women in the early 1900s. But thanks to the determination shown by the female aviators—and the media attention the race generated—the women earned the country’s respect by the race’s end. Flying competitions had been held in the United States since 1910. None of the major races included women. In 1929, the National Exchange Clubs decided to sponsor a race for women. To qualify, a woman had to have a current pilot’s license and at least 100 hours of solo flying time. The pilots could not use navigational instruments. No mechanics were allowed. At that time,…

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