EXPLOREMY LIBRARY
Kids & Teens
Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children September 2019

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Cricket Media, Inc.
Frequency:
Monthly
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9 Issues

in this issue

2 min.
getting started

The first Europeans began arriving in North America and establishing permanent settlements about 500 years ago. Some came looking for riches. Others hoped to be able to live more freely. They left behind centuries-old European cities. They landed in what must have felt like a wilderness. The first permanent English settlement in the Americas was established in 1607. The 104 men and boys who landed in Jamestown, Virginia, hoped to start a colony that would earn profits for its investors. Thirteen years later and almost 500 miles away, a second English settlement was founded in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Sailing on the Mayflower, those 102 travelers sought religious freedom. Sailing ships of the 17th century were not large vessels. Passengers were able to bring only a few necessary things. Tools and firearms. Some clothing…

6 min.
the farming life

Even after towns and cities were established in the 1600s, 90 percent of Colonial families lived and worked on their own small subsistence farms. Everyone in the family worked, from sunup to sundown, in order to survive. Sunday was the only day that Colonial families rested. They spent most of that day in church or sitting quietly. Here’s a look at how a typical family lived, as told from the perspective of William, a fictional nine-year-old boy. Massachusetts Bay Colony, in the mid-1600s Father wanted to own his own land, so after six weeks at sea, we have landed in a place called Massachusetts. I don’t remember much of the ocean voyage. I was ill most of the time. I do remember the hot stale air below deck and the smell of…

5 min.
timber!

The first European settlers discovered that northern New England’s soil was not good for farming. But there were trees—billions of trees. Oak, maple, beech, birch, hickory, ash, spruce, and pine. The forest was frightening at first, but colonists grew to value it as a plentiful source of raw materials. They picked up axes and cut down trees. Oxen hauled logs and uprooted stumps. Men cut timber into lumber to build homes and barns. Other professions made use of the billions of trees in New England. Men found woodworking jobs as choppers, sawyers, coopers, and carpenters. When the Fortune sailed from Massachusetts back to England in 1621, it took pine clapboards. New England had more than trees. It was located near the richest fishing grounds in the world. Early settlers made their…

2 min.
from fish to furs

Basque fisherman fished for cod in North Atlantic waters as early as the 1000s. Those experiences drew more Europeans to the New England coast, turning fishing into a profitable industry by the 1500s. In the late 1600s, at least one third of the colonists along the Maine–New Hampshire coast lived by fishing. Throughout the next century, fishing was vital to their economy. Whaling grew into an important occupation, too. Before electricity and light bulbs, whale oil provided fuel for lamps. Whale oil also was used as a lubricant. Blubber from sperm whales yielded the cleanest oil. Oil from sperm whale heads made the best candles, which made exporting candles to England profitable. Whaling took place from Cape Cod to New York. At first whales were sighted from shore, killed, and towed to…

4 min.
at your service

Colonists in the New World relied on craftsmen and tradespeople with specific skills to make the things or provide the services they needed. Let us introduce you! APOTHECARY Need medicine or looking for a cure? I have a wide selection of herbs, minerals, and plants. I use those materials to make a variety of cure-alls, from tonics to salves and pills. I am not formally trained in the medical field, but my experience with ailments allows me to diagnose illnesses. Along with my friend the barber-surgeon, I will perform minor surgeries, such as pulling teeth and tending to wounds. The barber-surgeon also provides haircuts or shaves to men and boys. COBBLER Do you spend a lot of time on your feet? You’ll need a good pair of well-made shoes. I make new shoes and…

5 min.
welcome, travelers

You’ve been bumping along in a horse-drawn stagecoach for hours. Your journey began before sunup, and it’s now five o’clock in the evening. You’re cold, hungry, and sore. In the fading light, you see a house by the roadside. A sign picturing two crossed keys swings above the door. Like many folks, you don’t know how to read, but the sign confirms that you are at your destination—the Cross Keys Tavern. Josiah, the tavern keeper, ushers you inside. A fire crackles in the large stone fireplace that takes up almost one entire wall of the great room. Several men sit on benches and at small tables, talking and laughing. They make room so that you can warm yourself by the fire. Josiah’s wife, Constance, is bent over a big iron pot hanging…