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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children October 2019

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Cricket Media, Inc.
Frequency:
Monthly
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9 Issues

in this issue

3 min.
into the west

The West—and how people resettled it—is central to America’s story. After the Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the new states agreed to give back to the federal government some of their claimed land. Much of that land, which stretched from areas west of the 13 Original Colonies to the Mississippi River, was inhabited by Native Americans. After passing the Land Ordinance of 1785, the federal government surveyed the land. It measured six-mile-square townships and sold the land at public auction. In this way, the government both raised money and resettled the land with nonnative people. At that time, the frontier stretched to the east bank of the Mississippi River. When Thomas Jefferson took office as president in 1801, he set the tone for the new century. He was a strong supporter of westward…

1 min.
land!

Are you . . . • a male citizen at least 21 years old? • a new U.S. citizen or citizen-to- be? • a war veteran? • a single woman, a widow, or a married woman who is the head of a household? • a person loyal to the U.S.government and not one to take up arms against it? • African Americans are eligible after 1866 • Asian Americans are eligible after 1898 You must . . . • get the land surveyed. • pay a $10 filing fee, plus additional payments at a land office. • begin living on your parcel within 6 months. • be in residence for 5 continuous years. • make the homestead your only legal residence. • improve your parcel by adding a dwelling and cultivating some portion of the land. • avoid being away from your parcel for more…

5 min.
lincoln leads the way

In 1861, eleven Southern states left the Union after the election of Abraham Lincoln as president. They believed that he would end slavery, even though he had not made any such promise. The Southerners went to war to protect their states’ rights, namely the right to own slaves. By the spring of 1862, Americans were entering the second year of the long and bloody Civil War (1861–1865) over that issue. Lincoln believed that preserving the Union was his highest duty. That meant that he devoted most of his time and energy as president to winning the war. He did not, however, completely neglect other issues. In fact, he signed five acts in 1862 that had a major impact on the future development of the country. The United States had begun expanding westward…

2 min.
fateful decision

The Civil War was not the only conflict that demanded President Abraham Lincoln’s attention in 1862. In Minnesota, fighting between settlers and Dakota Indians resulted in a fateful decision. Minnesota was a new state in 1862. It had been admitted to the Union just four years earlier in 1858. But its land had been inhabited for thousands of years by generations of Dakota Indians. As Americans moved westward and established permanent settlements, they pushed the Dakotas off their land. The U.S. government and Dakota leaders negotiated treaties to resolve the issue. The government promised gold in payment for Dakota land. The government also promised to provide food, supplies, and land for farming. Those treaties were broken as more settlers headed west. Facing hardships, many Dakotas began to starve. On August 17, several Dakotas…

5 min.
what about the native americans?

The Homestead Act of 1862 offered a wide range of people the opportunity to own land. But the land that settlers hoped to claim was not uninhabited. Native Americans had lived throughout North America for centuries. First, early European settlers along the East Coast displaced them. Then, as the colonists increased in number and the individual colonies formed a nation, the U.S. government grew more aggressive in its ways to make room for European settlers. The government used removal, treaties, and armed conflicts to push Native Americans off the land and restrict their movements. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act. It gave the government the authority to free up land in the Southeast for white settlers. It meant removing Native Americans living in the Southeast to “unsettled”…

2 min.
a destructive act

American leaders hoped to use homesteading as a way to assimilate native people into U.S. society. In 1887, Congress passed the General Allotment Act, or Dawes Act. Some reformers believed that the act would save native culture because it offered a way for Native Americans to live successfully in a white Christian society. But the act actually sought to eliminate native traditions. It weakened family bonds among tribal people. It did this by taking communally held reservation land and breaking it into individual allotments. The U.S. government believed that it could transform native men and women into farmers. Depending on their age, native people were given a certain amount of land. Most adults were given 160 acres—the same amount as in the Homestead Act of 1862. After allotment was completed, the…