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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and ChildrenCobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children January 2017

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

United States
Cricket Media, Inc.
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9 Issues


access_time1 min.
editor’s note

Chicago has such a rich and diverse history, we almost didn’t know where to begin this month’s issue. The city experienced terrible tragedies—a fire destroyed much of it—and produced amazing accomplishments—it hosted the World’s Columbian Exposition. The city attracted notable 19th-century innovators and infamous 20th-century gangsters. Its location in the Midwest allowed it to grow quickly and become a center for transportation and businesses. That rapid growth of industries, however, led to historic disagreements between owners and laborers. But we don’t want to give the whole issue away. Turn the page to see for yourself! Editor…

access_time5 min.
first settlement

It’s hard to imagine Chicago, the third most-populated city in the United States today, as ever being an open, swampy plain. But the area near the southern tip of Lake Michigan was once rich with wildlife, fish, and fertile soil. Different Native American groups, including the Illinois, Kickapoo, Miami, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Potawatomi, and Shawnee, once lived there. When the first French fur trappers and settlers arrived in present-day Canada and reached the western Great Lakes in the 1600s, they established a fur trade with the native communities there. In 1673, Jacques Marquette, a French missionary, and Louis Joliet, a French fur trader, led a small expedition to learn more about the Mississippi River. They became the first Frenchmen to explore the interior of the continent. From the northeastern shore of Lake…

access_time3 min.
midwest hub

Almost as soon as Chicago was established in 1833, it went through a remarkable transformation. Much of Chicago’s rapid change occurred because of its location. In the early 1800s, before trains, automobiles, or airplanes were invented, boats traveling on natural waterways provided the fastest way to move people and things. Chicago quickly became a pivotal place of portage between two inland water routes—the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River. The success of the Erie Canal also helped Chicago. Completed in 1825, the Erie Canal cut across New York from Lake Erie to the Hudson River, which flows to New York City and the Atlantic Ocean. For the first time, people and goods from the East Coast could travel by boat all the way to the Great Lakes. Illinois’s leaders decided to build…

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welcome to chicago!

Chicago’s location on Lake Michigan and its famous Y-shaped Chicago River give the city a unique feel. Most of its streets are laid in a grid, so it’s not too difficult to find your way around. Just in case, we’ve got you covered with a map of the city (OPPOSITE), as well as maps to help picture Chicago’s location in the United States and on Lake Michigan (BELOW). DID YOU KNOW? In 1900, engineers came up with an unusual solution to the dangerous levels of waste and pollution in Lake Michigan, which was the source of Chicago’s drinking water. They dug a channel, built a series of locks, and raised the Chicago River’s flow to permanently reverse its direction. The Sanitary and Ship Canal changed the river’s flow to go south, away…

access_time3 min.
city on fire

For years, legends blamed Mrs. O’Leary’s cow, Daisy, for starting Chicago’s Great Fire of 1871. The story was that Daisy kicked over a lantern in her stall, setting the straw on fire and starting the tremendous blaze. No proof exists of Daisy’s involvement, but the fire did break out near the O’Learys’ barn on Sunday night, October 8, 1871. The O’Leary’s lived in the southwestern quarter of Chicago, divided by the North and South branches of the Chicago River. Cow or no cow, the city was all too vulnerable to fire. Beginning in the 1830s, Chicago had grown quickly into a rough and bustling metropolis. The buildings in the city were built hastily and carelessly. While the more prosperous residents had built a few brick homes, most of the structures were…

access_time3 min.
chicago’s makers and shakers

Chicago went from small frontier town to major cosmopolitan city in less than 50 years. Along the way, the growing city provided opportunities that made people’s fortunes and earned them fame. Here are some of Chicago’s most influential 19th-century citizens. After coming to Chicago from the East Coast to handle a land purchase deal in 1835, William Butler Ogden realized the city’s potential and returned to settle there. He became Chicago’s first mayor in 1837. He supported early development in the city, including the building of the Illinois and Michigan Canal and the first railroad, the Galena and Chicago Union. Before Cyrus H. McCormick invented his horse-drawn mechanical reaper in 1831, grain was harvested by hand with a farm tool known as a scythe. In 1847, McCormick moved from Virginia to Chicago…