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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and ChildrenCobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children July/August 2016

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

United States
Cricket Media, Inc.
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9 Issues


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editor’s note

Welcome to our look at the Games of the Olympiad, or as most people call them, the Summer Olympics! Since the modern Olympics began in 1896, there have been 30 Olympiads (a period of four years between Olympic Games originally named for the four-year measurement of time between the celebration of the ancient Games at Olympia, Greece). This summer’s Rio de Janeiro Olympics are number 31. To keep it simple in this issue, we’ve identified the different games by using just the year and the city. The Olympics are a major international event. More than 200 countries participate, and there is round-the-clock media coverage for two exciting weeks. We couldn’t possibly cover everything in a single issue, but we hope we’ve included enough information to make you curious to learn…

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ancient games

According to the records kept by the ancient Greeks, Koroibos (also spelled Coroebus) was the champion of the first Olympic Games in 776 b.c. He was a cook from Elis, the city-state in which Olympia is located. Every four years after that, in a measurement of time that the Greeks referred to as an Olympiad, Olympia became the host city for the ancient Games. In time, a large temple to Zeus, the leader of the Greek gods, was built in Olympia. The city became a sacred place that was used for religious festivals and for the athletic events that came to be associated with it. Runners from Olympia would announce a truce about a month before the Games to ensure safe travel for athletes and spectators. All wars and conflicts were…

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about the olive

One Greek myth describes how Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and civilization, became Athens’s patron deity after she presented the city with an olive tree. The olive tree and its fruit—the olive and olive oil—became sacred to the ancient Greeks. The oil was used as fuel for light and as an anointing oil at important ceremonies. An olive branch has long been considered a symbol of peace. For Olympic winners in ancient Greece, the prize of a crown of olive leaves was considered a great honor.…

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the modern era

Baron Pierre de Coubertin, a French aristocrat and teacher, believed that physical education and activity were important for a person’s overall well being. For years, he had tried to find ways to bring his message to a larger audience. He knew about the ancient Greeks and the way they had valued athletic competition. In 1894, he founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC). He hoped the organization would bring together athletes from around the world to compete against one another. He also believed that such an event would promote international peace and understanding. With Coubertin’s urging, the committee decided to re-create the Olympic Games of ancient Greece. Coubertin proposed Paris as the host of the Games to be held in 1900, but the IOC decided to hold the first modern Olympics in…

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summer sports

Following is a list of the 28 sports, with respective disciplines in parentheses, that will be represented at the Summer Olympics in 2016 Rio de Janeiro. Aquatics (Diving, Swimming, Synchronized Swimming, Water Polo) Archery Athletics Badminton Basketball Boxing Canoe (Slalom, Sprint) Cycling (BMX, Mountain Bike, Road, Track) Equestrian (Dressage, Eventing, Jumping) Fencing Football/Soccer Golf Gymnastics (Artistic, Rhythmic, Trampoline) Handball Hockey Judo Modern Pentathlon Rowing Rugby Sailing Shooting Table Tennis Taekwondo Tennis Triathlon Volleyball (Beach Volleyball, Volleyball) Weightlifting Wrestling (Freestyle, Greco-Roman) Slalom describes a race that involves a zigzag course, often around gates or flags. Sprint describes a short race at top speed.…

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the ancient art of athletics

Athletics includes some of the oldest and most varied events in sport competitions. At the Summer Olympics, athletics offers nearly 50 different events for men and women as teams and as individuals. About half of them involve a variety of footraces—walking, marathon, sprint, distance, hurdles, and relay. Many of the footraces take place around a multi-lane, oval track. Other events take place in the middle of the track in the field. These events involve throwing and jumping. The icons here capture some of the classic athletic events. Can you match each one with its correct description? Answers on page 48. 1. This event measures an athlete’s attempt to leap a great distance after taking a running start. 2. This event requires an athlete to use only one hand to throw a heavy…