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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and ChildrenCobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children March 2017

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Cricket Media, Inc.
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9 Issues

IN THIS ISSUE

access_time1 min.
editor’s note

Helen Keller spent 80 of her 88 years living in the spotlight. She came to people’s attention as a child who overcame being deaf and blind and learned how to communicate with others. Once she was free of the isolation created by blindness and deafness, she spent the rest of her life living it to the fullest. She not only raised awareness about the issues faced by people with disabilities, but she also embraced other causes. Her work to bring about change has inspired generations of people. While learning about Keller for this issue, I stopped thinking about what she had overcome and marveled instead about what she had achieved. She made the world see that every person has the potential to make a positive contribution. Editor ■…

access_time7 min.
breaking through

The Class of 1904 that graduated from Radcliffe College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, was unusual. It was made up of women who had pursued an advanced degree from one of the nation’s top schools when such opportunities were usually reserved for men. It also included one specific student who stood out. She had not only already written a bestselling autobiography but had also earned her degree, “cum laude” (with honor), despite being both deaf and blind. The young woman’s name was Helen Keller. Helen was born on June 27, 1880, in Tuscumbia, Alabama. She was a healthy baby and a quick learner. She began to walk on her first birthday, and she could say “tea!” and ask for water. When she was 19 months old, however, she caught a bad fever.…

access_time1 min.
a message from helen

The student becomes the teacher! Helen Keller demonstrates to a young girl how the manual alphabet works.The breakthrough for Helen Keller and Anne Sullivan came at a water pump. That’s when Helen realized that the cool liquid falling on one hand and the five hand positions Sullivan repeatedly pressed into the other hand were linked. In that moment, the communication barrier that had isolated Helen was shattered.Sullivan’s hand motions were sign language, a form of manual alphabet used by people who are deaf or mute. But people who have a hearing disability have an advantage that Helen did not: They can see the person using sign language. Sullivan used the manual alphabet and the sensation of touch to spell letters and words into Helen’s hand. In that way, Helen learned…

access_time3 min.
teacher

Helen Keller and Anne Sullivan went from student and teacher to lifelong friends and companions.The story of Anne Sullivan’s life once it became linked to Helen Keller’s life is known. Less familiar is Sullivan’s life before she arrived in Alabama in 1887.Johanna Mansfield “Anne” Sullivan was born on April 15, 1866. Her parents had immigrated to Massachusetts from Ireland, but they were uneducated and did not have a skill or trade that allowed them to support their family. Life was hard, and the Sullivans struggled to get by. By the time Anne was five years old, her vision was severely impacted by trachoma. Then, her mother died in 1874. Her father abandoned Anne and her younger brother, Jimmie, two years later.With no one to take care of them, Anne and…

access_time4 min.
a system of dots

Louis BrailleReading is a wonderful way to learn. But how can you read if you cannot see? Thanks to Louis Braille, people who are blind can use their hands to read. The system that Braille developed and that is named for him uses small, raised dots on a piece of paper. Each character—a letter, a number, or a symbol such as “+”—is represented in a cell. Each cell is made up of two columns and three rows and can hold up to six raised dots. Each of the first 10 letters of the alphabet (“A” through “J”) has a pattern of dots using only the top two rows. The second set of 10 letters (“K” through “T”) repeats the first pattern of dots with one dot added in the bottom…

access_time6 min.
famous friends

Dr. Alexander Graham Bell became a staunch friend and supporter of Helen Keller after he met her as a young child.Most people have heard of Helen Keller’s remarkable friendship with Anne Sullivan, her “Teacher,” who first taught her how to communicate. As the news of what Sullivan had achieved with Keller spread in 1887, Keller became so famous that many people wanted to meet her. Over the next 80 years, Keller’s fame gave her introductions to a wide variety of notable people—inventors, writers, world leaders, presidents, and actors. Once they met her, many became her friend. Bell’s ImpactKeller first met inventor Dr. Alexander Graham Bell when she was six years old. Her parents had taken her to a special doctor to see if anything could be done about her eyesight.…

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