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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and ChildrenCobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children May-June 2015

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

United States
Cricket Media, Inc.
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9 Issues


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consulting editor about the cover

Mark Stein, author and playwright, began his writing career in the theater composing plays, but his longtime curiosity about why states have the shapes they do motivated him to author two books about the stories behind our state borders. How the States Got Their Shape gives the history of each of the 50 states’ evolution. That book became the basis for a History Channel documentary by the same name. How the States Got Their Shapes Too: The People Behind the Borderlines introduces readers to the people who played a role in locating state lines. Ever wonder how the individual states in our country got their shapes? They didn’t just fall into place, as this month’s cover shows. The stories behind those shapes are more interesting than that! (a1vector/Shutterstock.com) www.facebook.com/cricketmedia ■…

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taking shape, state by state

In this issue, we’ll explore how this map showing European claims in North America by the first half of the 1700s became this onea nation of 50 states.A map of the United States is so familiar that not many people stop to think about the fascinating stories behind its combination of straight and wiggly boundaries. But someone or something decided where those lines should be drawn or which winding rivers and mountain ranges would serve as natural borders.By Royal DecreeEuropean monarchs initiated a few of those shapes. Some of the first British colonies evolved from havens set up by religious groups, such as Massachusetts (Puritans), Maryland (Catholics), and Pennsylvania (Quakers). The British also encouraged the settlement of colonies in Virginia and South Carolina for economic reasons: Virginia produced tobacco, and…

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did you know?

The border markers used to establish the Mason–Dixon Line can still be seen today.The line on a map that most Americans associate with slavery is the Mason–Dixon Line. That line, however, had nothing to do with dividing free states from slave states. Before the Revolutionary War (1775–1783), British authorities were responsible for settling disagreements between colonial governments. Pennsylvania and Maryland had been involved in a long dispute over the location of the boundary between their two colonies. Two British men, astronomer Charles Mason and surveyor Jeremiah Dixon, were hired to resolve the problem. Mason and Dixon spent four years (1763–1767) establishing an official border between the colonies of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Delaware. And at the time, all of those colonies allowed slavery. ■…

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these united states

Keep this map handy because it will be a good reference for the articles in this issue. Remember that lines of latitude and longitude divide Earth’s surface into 360 equal sections, called degrees. Latitude measures degrees north and south of the Equator. Longitude measures degrees east and west of an imaginary line through Greenwich, England. Most of the 48 contiguous United States fall between latitude 24° and 49° north and longitude 65° and 125° west. ■…

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let’s make a deal

Most of this issue is about how the United States’ internal boundaries were created. Here’s a list of dates and descriptions of how the United States’ external boundaries—those with other countries—took shape. Can you match the date and event with the correct description? Answers on page 48.1. 1783 Treaty of Paris2. 1803 Louisiana Purchase3. 1818 Convention Treaty4. 1819 Adams–Onis Treaty5. 1842 Webster–Ashburton Treaty6. 1845 Texas Annexation7. 1846 Oregon Territory8. 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo9. 1854 Gadsden Purchase10. 1867 Alaska Purchase11. 1898 Hawaiian AnnexationA. Resolves the border between United States and British Canada between Maine/New Hampshire and New Brunswick, establishes the border between Lake Superior and the Lake of the Woods, and affirms original agreement of latitude 49° north westward to the Rocky Mountains.B. United States annexes the Hawaiian Islands, forcing…

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maryland just can’t win

The green area represents where the colony of Maryland thought its boundaries should be. The dashed line is what the state boundaries actually are.Inaccurate maps, human error, and being on the losing side of most disputes are all part of Maryland’s state boundary story.When Maryland was created in 1632 as a haven for Catholics in the New World, King Charles I of England set its northern boundary at latitude 40° north. Later, in 1681, William Penn was granted a charter for Pennsylvania, which used the same latitude 40° north line as Pennsylvania’s southern border. But that line ran right through the middle of Philadelphia, which quickly became the largest city in Pennsylvania. When Pennsylvania argued for the line to be relocated south of its major city, it raised another dispute—over…