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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and ChildrenCobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children May/June 2017

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Cricket Media, Inc.
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9 Issues

IN THIS ISSUE

access_time9 min.
the great war an overview

World War I—or the “Great War,” as it was called—was truly a world war. An estimated 65 million soldiers representing more than 30 countries from six continents took part. Over the course of four years, from 1914 to 1918, battles were fought in Europe, Asia, and Africa, as well as on the high seas. Here’s an overview of what happened. SIMMERING TENSIONS In the early 1900s, Europe seemed to be sitting on a powder keg. Tensions from decades-old conflicts simmered just below the surface. Top among them was French resentment from being forced to give up territory and pay large sums in compensation to Germany after losing the Franco–Prussian War in 1871. Feelings of nationalism ran high and were particularly strong against Austria–Hungary, which had attempted to seize control of land in…

access_time6 min.
four weary years

World War I became a war of attrition. A few of its many battles ended quickly, but some dragged on for months. Sometimes the generals misjudged their enemy and were overconfident. Traditional military methods of ordering soldiers into open battles became outdated and were no match for the new “modern” warfare and weaponry that World War I introduced. Most battles resulted in high costs in human lives and misery. Here’s a look at some of the major action in the war. Battle of the Marne, September 1914 Alfred von Schlieffen’s battle plan for Germany was to strike quickly and win a speedy victory against the French to the west. German troops swept quickly through Belgium, hoping to reach France before that nation had a chance to prepare. The Belgians fought back, however,…

access_time4 min.
the war’s pull

Americans read all about the horrible fighting in the Great War in 1914. Their location safely on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, however, allowed them to keep their distance from Europe’s problems. Although most Americans wanted to stay out of Europe’s war, the United States was emerging as a world power in the 1900s by involving itself in the affairs of its neighbors in the Western Hemisphere. It had started to influence politics and protect U.S. business interests in nearby Central America, sending in troops when necessary. But in April 1915, President Woodrow Wilson said, “Our whole duty, for the present at any rate, is summed up in this motto: ‘America first.’” The United States officially refused to take sides in the war. But many Americans favored one side or…

access_time1 min.
saying “no” to war

On April 2, 1917, when President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress to declare war, one House member in the chamber stood out—Jeannette Rankin of Montana. Today, the House of Representatives includes more than 80 women. But in 1917, Rankin was the first and only woman in either house of Congress. Nationwide, women did not have the right to vote in 1917, but they had won the vote in individual states. Montana, Rankin’s home state, had granted its women citizens that right in 1914. Rankin held strong pacifist beliefs. Members of the House debated the war resolution for several days, but she stayed silent. Finally, it came time to cast her vote—her first as a member of Congress. “I want to stand by my country, but I cannot vote for war,” she said.…

access_time5 min.
preparing to fight

When the United States declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917, the decision triggered a massive effort to organize, train, and supply U.S. forces for duty overseas. Hearing that America had declared war, British prime minister David Lloyd George praised Americans’ resourcefulness and ability to get things done. But he was mistaken about how soon U.S. forces could help. He criticized a top German general who predicted that the United States would need a year before it arrived in Europe in force. But the general was right—it was spring 1918 before the majority of U.S. troops landed in France. Almost immediately after declaring war, President Woodrow Wilson said a half million men would have to join the armed forces. He added that the country would ask for many more soldiers “as…

access_time1 min.
u.s. troops weigh in

The arrival of the Americans provided fresh troops and boosted morale for the British and the French. Here are some of the major battles in which U.S. troops participated in 1918: Cantigny (May 28–29) U.S. infantry captures the village of Cantigny, located north of Paris, from German troops. It is the first U.S. victory. Battle of Belleau Wood (June 1–26) After multiple attacks by U.S. Marines, the Germans withdraw from the woods, located near the Marne River and the town of Chateau–Thierry. Marne–Reims Offensive (July 15–17) German troops attack near Reims, France, along two points. Both attacks are blocked, one by U.S. infantry. Aisne–Marne Offensive (July 18–August 6) French and U.S. forces counterattack along the Marne River. The Germans begin to withdraw. Battle of St. Mihiel (September 12–15) U.S. troops lead an attack on the German position at St. Mihiel.…

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