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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and ChildrenCobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children September 2016

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Cricket Media, Inc.
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9 Issues

IN THIS ISSUE

access_time1 min.
editor’s note

The Salem witch trials is a topic that is hard to fathom today. To even begin to understand what happened, we need to forget our 21st-century lives and try to imagine life in Salem in 1692. At that time and in that place, people believed that Devil-worshipping witches were real. As fear and hysteria spread, hundreds of people faced accusations of being witches, and 20 innocent people were killed. The more I read about the trials, the more fascinating and layered the history became. In the end, however, I kept wondering one thing: What would I have done in Salem in 1692 if I or someone I knew was accused? How would you answer that question? Editor ■…

access_time5 min.
before salem

Over time, practicing sorcery or magic became connected with witches doing the Devil’s work.The Middle Ages was the period in European history from about a.d. 476 to 1453, between antiquity and the Renaissance.Heretics are people who hold controversial opinions, especially in public opposition to the Roman Catholic Church.The Inquisition was a court held in the Roman Catholic Church to identify and persecute heretics or church members who publicly dissented from the Church’s beliefs. The word witch often brings up an image of an old woman with a hooked nose and a pointy chin wearing a peaked black hat and a black dress. She spends her time stirring a brew of nasty-smelling things in a cauldron. She creates mischief, casting spells and cursing people as she flies through the night on…

access_time1 min.
wom en heale rs

Over the centuries, women traditionally have been the caretakers of the home and families. In their preparation of meals, they developed a vast knowledge of herbs and plants. They discovered that some plants worked as medicines or pain relievers. From generation to generation, women passed down their self-taught understanding of natural remedies to relieve suffering and ease pain in their families and communities.Mothers, sisters, and other female relatives also often exclusively cared for pregnant women. This was mostly because it was considered indecent for any man other than a woman’s husband to see her in any unclothed condition. The many complications that were associated with childbirth meant that most mothers faced the process with a certain amount of fear. Midwives or women attendants developed a knowledge and a confidence that…

access_time6 min.
stressed out

Puritan colonists in the 1600s remained on the alert for all sorts of danger: Native Americans, deadly diseases, political turmoil . . . and witches.Salem was a community under stress. Residents faced constant threats in their daily lives. Real threats included attacks from Native Americans, unresolved political issues between England and the Massachusetts Bay colony, outbreaks of deadly diseases, and severe weather that impacted crop growth. A less real but still great fear was belief in the existence of the Devil and his constant attempts to corrupt people. The first English settlers in Massachusetts began working immediately to build a permanent home.Fear of AttackNative American groups had lived in the Massachusetts Bay area for centuries prior to the arrival of the first English colonists in 1620. While the Puritan and…

access_time4 min.
the witch scare begins

The panic that led to the Salem witch trials started with little things. In January 1692, two girls began making strange noises, complaining of headaches, and crawling under the furniture. They made odd gestures and babbled sentences no one could understand.The girls were nine-year-old Elizabeth “Betty” Parris and her 11-year-old cousin, Abigail Williams. Betty’s father was the minister in Salem Village, the rural part of the port of Salem Town in Massachusetts. Besides Betty’s parents, the Reverend Samuel and Elizabeth Parris, two other children lived in the home: Betty’s 10-year-old brother, Thomas, and 5-year-old sister, Susanna.The family also owned two enslaved people, John and Tituba Indian. Before becoming a minister, Parris had worked as an English merchant in Barbados, where he had inherited his father’s sugar plantation. Tituba may have…

access_time3 min.
young puritans

Can you picture what life was like for a Puritan child living in Massachusetts in the late 17th century? Most families lived in a home that consisted of only a few rooms heated by a central fireplace. No one had privacy, and several children often shared a bed. There was no electricity, running water, or indoor bathroom.Everything was made by hand and at home, which required time and effort. Nearly all the members of a family worked six days a week from dawn to dusk. After the morning meal and devotions, the day’s chores began. Even young children completed small tasks such as gathering sticks for firewood, weeding the garden, and collecting eggs.Girls were taught the skills needed to be wives and mothers: how to cook and preserve food for…

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