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Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and ChildrenCobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children

Cobblestone American History and Current Events for Kids and Children January 2018

COBBLESTONE is the award-winning and respected leader in the study of American history for young people. COBBLESTONE tells America’s story through a unique mix of captivating articles, lively graphics, historical photographs, primary sources, and maps. Each themed-issue examines historical events in detail making them exciting and relevant to today. A must-have for every history classroom and media center. Grades 5-9.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Cricket Media, Inc.
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9 Issues

IN THIS ISSUE

access_time1 min.
editor’s note

Union soldiers who served with Major General William T. Sherman during the Civil War loved him. Southerners, however, hated the Union commander. Sherman marched his army in a destructive path through Georgia in 1864 and then through the Carolinas in 1865. He didn’t focus on defeating the Confederate army. Rather, his goal was to crush Southerners’ desire to keep fighting. He called his tactic “hard war.” But he believed that fighting in the war would end more quickly if the citizens back home, supporting the soldiers, felt its awfulness. He also hoped that lives on both sides would be saved in the process. Editor ■…

access_time6 min.
cump sherman finds his way

William T. Sherman knew that he wanted to be an officer in the U.S. Army. Sherman’s foster father arranged for him to attend the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in New York. Sherman served with newly promoted Major General Ulysses S. Grant at the Battle of Shiloh in 1862, a bloody two-day fight that resulted in heavy Union losses. Of the 11 children in the Sherman family, red-haired Cump was the studious one. He read books and studied mathematics and Latin, while his younger brother John got into fistfights. No one could have imagined that Cump would grow up to become famous as a fighter and a soldier. Yet, although William Tecumseh “Cump” Sherman is best remembered for his military role in the Civil…

access_time6 min.
first stop, atlanta

After three long years, President Abraham Lincoln believed that he had found the man who could end the Civil War (1861–1865). As a commander in the West, Major General Ulysses S. Grant had refused to shy away from battle. On March 9, 1864, Lincoln asked Grant to take charge of all Union armies. In a further show of faith, Lincoln promoted Grant to lieutenant general. It was the highest rank in the Union army. Newly created Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant picked Major General William T. Sherman to take his place in the Western Theater.Grant immediately proposed a plan of action to defeat the Confederacy. He would use his army’s superior numbers to overwhelm the enemy. Instead of trying simply to hold territory, all available Union soldiers would…

access_time1 min.
theaters of war

Fighting in the Civil War was divided into “theaters.” Imagine a map of the United States carved into different sections.The Eastern Theater included Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, and the District of Columbia. It also included coastal engagements that took place in North Carolina. The Union’s Army of the Potomac and the Confederacy’s Army of Northern Virginia were the major armies in this theater, and the most famous battles took place in it. More than 2,000 military engagements took place in Virginia during the war, the most in any state. Both the Federal capital—Washington, D.C.—and the Confederate capital—Richmond—were in this theater.The Western Theater referred to an area east of the Mississippi River and mostly west of the Appalachian Mountains. The states in it were Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South…

access_time5 min.
under siege

By mid-July 1864, the Union army began a siege of Atlanta, launching shells into the city from outside the city limits. With tens of thousands of soldiers in Atlanta, tents filled the city’s parks. Editor’s Note: The quotes that appear in this article are from Carrie Berry’s journal. The original manuscript is in the Atlanta History Center Library/Archives in Atlanta, Georgia. Misspellings that appear in the diary have been left intact. Imagine this: All day and all night, you have been huddled with your family in a 10-foot-deep dirt cellar in your backyard. The simple bombproof has a wood beam roof covered with a piece of tin and then dirt. It’s horribly hot and stuffy inside. You hear ear-splitting booms and crashes, so you know…

access_time1 min.
freedom

The Emancipation Proclamation had declared that all enslaved people who were held in Confederate states still in rebellion on January 1, 1863, were free. But millions of slaves in the South had to wait until the Confederacy was defeated before they could really begin lives as free people.Atlanta’s enslaved people were thrown into panic and confusion as the battles in 1864 moved closer to the city. What would be their fate? Would the Confederate army capture them if they tried to leave? Would the Union army protect them?Many slaves fled from the city. In her diary, Carrie Berry wrote in September 1864 about the family’s black servant girl. “Mary went off this evening and I don’t expect that she will come back any more. . . .”The refugees left…

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