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MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History

MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History Winter 2018-2019

MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History takes you on an exciting journey to the world's greatest battles and campaigns over the last 5,000 years, from ancient warfare through modern battles. Written by distinguished authors and historians who bring the world of history alive, the magazine covers in vivid detail the soldiers, leaders, tactics, and weapons throughout military history, and delivers it in an exquisitely illustrated, premium quality edition.

Land:
United States
Sprache:
English
Verlag:
HistoryNet
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in dieser ausgabe

1 Min.
opening round

In his 1908 novel, The War in the Air, H. G. Wells, vividly described German airships destroying bridges and buildings in New York City (after obliterating an American naval fleet in the Atlantic) and predicted, more or less, the coming of World War I. Like many of Wells’s works, his novel was eerily prescient. In just a few years, his fiction became fact when Germany unleashed a fleet of bomb-carrying Zeppelin dirigibles on Belgium, France, Poland, England, Romania, and Greece, as well as over the eastern Mediterranean. The Zeppelins could travel at about 85 miles an hour and carry up to two tons of bombs, intended to wreck their targets and induce mass hysteria among enemy civilians. William G. Shepherd, a reporter for the United Press, happened to be in Antwerp,…

1 Min.
flashback

MANASSAS, VIRGINIA, 1862 More than 14,000 Union and Confederate soldiers are wounded in the Second Battle of Bull Run, forcing army surgeons on both sides to amputate limbs at a feverish pace. TODAY: Archaeologists at the battlefield site discover one of the many “limb pits” into which surgeons dropped the sawed-off arms, legs, and feet of wounded combatants. THE MARCHFIELD, AUSTRIA, 1809 More than 50,000 soldiers die during a brutal two-day standoff between the Austrian army and French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte’s troops at the Battle of Wagram. TODAY: Archaeologists pinpoint the “hotspot” of the pivotal battle as they unearth a mass grave with skeletal remains and thousands of guns, bullets, buttons, and other objects. BATTLE OF LEYTE GULF, THE PHILIPPINES, 1944 A plume of black smoke rises from the USS Abner Read after a Japanese kamikaze dive-bombs…

1 Min.
raiders and arcs

Now and Then Jon Guttman’s well-written and -illustrated article “The Marauder” [MHQ, Autumn 2018] about Captain Theodor Krancke and the Admiral Scheer was certainly worthwhile. It concisely addressed a rampage that must have been of considerable concern to the Admiralty. Should you wish to present the story of another interesting German raider, you might consider the exploits of Count Felix von Luckner in World War I. Any accusations of German bias can be avoided by detailing the changes the British made to stop Luckner’s predations. One small detail mars your Scheer article. The map that accompanies the story shows the Germany of today instead of that of 1940. Perhaps this error can be overlooked, though, given the mass of information otherwise so ably presented. Phil NeuschelerCincinnati Down With Hitler While a history magazine is bound to…

2 Min.
rockets as weapons

When were rockets first used effectively as military weapons? Wallace KublerSummerville, South Carolina Feng Zhisheng created gunpowder from an alchemy experiment gone wrong sometime around 969. In 1000, Tang Fu presented the Song emperor with barbed gunpowder packages and gunpowder-propelled arrows and balls. In 1132 the “fire lance”—a bamboo tube that shot flames at the enemy—was invented. In 1259 the weapon was modified to shoot bullets as well. How effective they were in battle might be inferred from the fact that Chinese factories produced them by the thousands. By that time saltpeter and gunpowder had been introduced in India, Iran, and the Arab world as well, largely by Chinese mercenaries operating rockets for the Mongol armies. Mongol rockets were reportedly used during the Battle of Mohi Heath on April 10, 1241, but…

1 Min.
at the front

DEATH PRESERVER The Civil War ushered in a new profession: traveling embalmers who followed the Union and Confederate armies around the country, pitching their tents close to battlefields and then pitching their services to families wanting their loved ones returned home for burial. Richard Burr, a Union army surgeon attached to the 72nd Pennsylvania Infantry, took up embalming, like many others, when he saw how profitable it could be. Following the Battle of Antietam in 1862, Burr distributed handbills offering “Embalming for the Dead” and inviting the curious to watch him at work. One of Mathew Brady’s photographers accepted the invitation, and the resulting image of Burr pumping embalming fluid into the body of a dead soldier was circulated widely. Burr was later accused of extortion for retrieving the bodies of…

8 Min.
catalonia’s 9/11

To Catalans, 9/11 has a long history as a day of reckoning. The Diada, or national day, commemorates the 1714 fall of Barcelona after a lengthy siege whose origins lie in the War of the Spanish Succession. In recent years the day has been linked to a new and growing conflict: Catalonia’s push for independence from Spain. The roots of that struggle lie even deeper in history, when Catalonia formed an essential part of the Kingdom of Aragon. The making of Spain can be traced to 1469, when the marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile politically unified their two kingdoms. By 1500 Aragon’s population totaled little more than a million people, while Castile’s was six times that. Gradually and predictably, Castile tried to dominate its smaller counterpart, and…