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MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History

MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History Winter 2018

MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History takes you on an exciting journey to the world's greatest battles and campaigns over the last 5,000 years, from ancient warfare through modern battles. Written by distinguished authors and historians who bring the world of history alive, the magazine covers in vivid detail the soldiers, leaders, tactics, and weapons throughout military history, and delivers it in an exquisitely illustrated, premium quality edition.

Land:
United States
Sprache:
English
Verlag:
HistoryNet
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4 Ausgaben

in dieser ausgabe

1 Min.
opening round

For nearly 250 years now, the gently rolling hills, tilled fields, and open meadows around Walloomsac, New York, have steadily yielded secrets from a key battle of the Revolutionary War. (See “The Tipping Point,” page 52.) The cannonball shown here was dug up more than 50 years ago by Elmer LaFlamme of Bennington, Vermont, an enterprising handyman who worked for William Beebe, the worldfamous biologist, explorer, and writer, and his wife, Elswyth, at their farm in nearby Wilmington. The cannonball now resides at the Bennington Museum, along with other such remnants of the 1777 battle, including drums, stirrups, swords and sabers, flintlock and percussion muskets, fragments of flags and shirts, and a piece of wood from a whiskey barrel. Among the largest is a French-made cannon captured from enemy forces…

1 Min.
flashback

VINCENNES, FRANCE, 1917 Dutch-born Margaretha Zelle, a.k.a. Mata Hari, once a wildly popular exotic dancer and courtesan, is executed by a firing squad on a muddy field outside Paris on charges of spying for Germany during World War I. TODAY: A new book claims that MI5, the British intelligence agency, began covertly watching Hari in 1915 and gave George Ladoux, France’s top military intelligence official, the information that led to her execution. TUSKEGEE AIRMEN, 1944 A group of fighter pilots in the all-black 99th Pursuit Squadron of the U.S. Army Air Corps—among the 16,000 or so Tuskegee Airmen who will serve in such segregated units during World War II—swap stories after a raid. TODAY: Tuskegee University wins a two-year grant from the Department of Defense to help it conduct historical and genealogical research…

2 Min.
moving targets

Eagle Eye The Autumn 2017 issue of MHQ [“Flashback: 14 Miles Above the Western End of Cuba, 1962”] purports to show Soviet medium-range ballistic missiles that were photographed during the Cuban Missile Crisis. They appear, though, to be surfaceto- air missiles (SAMs) rather than nuclear-tipped ballistic missiles. Am I correct? Thank you for another splendid issue of MHQ. William Preston San Luis Obispo, California FROM THE EDITORS: Thanks for the good catch. Here’s the image that we should have used—the first of two U-2 photographs taken on October 14, 1962. Riparian Wrongs I enjoyed Marc G. DeSantis’s article, “Train Man,” in the Autumn 2017 issue, describing Henry Knox’s efforts to get a cache of British artillery pieces from Fort Ticonderoga to General George Washington’s army outside of Boston. But on the accompanying map (“Henry Knox’s Cannon…

2 Min.
faux firepower

Who invented the “Quaker gun”? Katie Ball Royal Oak, Michigan Used in warfare to deceive and intimidate an enemy, a “Quaker gun” is a wooden log that was typically painted black and positioned in such a way as to resemble a cannon. The name derives from members of the Society of Friends, or Quakers, who have traditionally held a religious opposition to violence and ordinarily have not participated in war, except in humanitarian capacities. The first use of a Quaker gun is generally attributed to Colonel William Washington, a cavalry officer of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War (and a second cousin to General George Washington). Washington had been detailed to Brigadier General Daniel Morgan’s “flying corps” for a series of raids in the western part of South Carolina against British forces. Morgan’s…

7 Min.
the murky line

In nations where military law is necessarily subordinate to civil law, the two legal systems coexist inside clearly defined jurisdictions. Occasionally, however, cases arise that push or even cross those boundaries. For the U.S. Army, such a case occurred at Fort Wayne in Detroit, Michigan, in 1887. On July 11 of that year, during the garrison’s afternoon retreat ceremony, the prisoners in the guardhouse formed up outside the lockup while Sergeant of the Guard James Clark conducted the daily inspection of the facility. At the same time, the adjutant read the orders of the day to the assembled troops. The orders included the announcement of verdicts and sentences of courts-martial, and it was at this moment that one of the prisoners, Private Arthur Stone, learned for the first time that he faced…

1 Min.
tora! tora! tora!

This detailed map was meticulously hand drawn by Lieutenant Commander Mitsuo Fuchida (1902–1976) based on action reports compiled aboard the aircraft carrier Agaki in the weeks after Japan’s surprise attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor—the event that precipitated the entry of the United States into World War II. Fuchida, an experienced pilot in the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service, led the massive wave of carrier-based bombers, torpedo planes, and fighters that attacked Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941, killing at least 2,400 Americans, wounding 1,272, and destroying much of the U.S. Navy’s Pacific Fleet anchored there. Fuchida used the map—labeled “Top Secret” and titled “Estimated Damage Report against Surface Ships on the Air Attack of Pearl Harbor”—to brief Emperor Hirohito on December 26, 1941. “Standing…