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Dig History and Archaeology Magazine for Kids and Children

Dig History and Archaeology Magazine for Kids and Children September 2018

Budding archaeologists are off to new adventures at archaeological sites around the world, where they look over the shoulders of professional archaeologists working in the field to unearth important finds. DIG also brings readers right into working laboratories and museums to learn about cutting-edge conservation techniques. Interviews with onsite archaeologists give children a well-rounded view what archaeology is really all about. Grades 5-9

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United States
Cricket Media, Inc.

in this issue

2 min.
editor’s note

I T WAS JUNE OF 2017 and time to choose the themes for DIG 2017–2018. The order of each set of nine themes (September through July/August) is chronological, so my first thought was Egypt. I knew that was not the start of recorded or pre-recorded history, but for September 2018, I had in mind to focus on something in the Valley of the Kings. DIG’s September 2017 issue had focused on Rameses III, and I had found it fascinating that the ancient workers on the tomb had “collided” with an earlier tomb — KV 10. I knew little about this burial place, but it piqued my interest! So, perhaps it had also piqued the interest of readers. When researching the topic brought up little information, I emailed Egyptologist Salima Ikram,…

5 min.
preparingto die

The rulers of Egypt were considered living gods on earth and, as such, were entitled to a magnificent burial. Some of the greatest monuments from the ancient world are the pyramids: massive stone tombs built to withstand the ages. The shape of the pyramid was symbolic and may have represented a stairway to heaven or the rays of the sun. Gigantic The largest pyramid ever constructed is known as the Great Pyramid and was built for Khufu. It is located along with many other pyramids not far from Cairo, the capital of present-day Egypt. This massive pyramid was about 481 feet tall and covers an area of about 13 acres. It is estimated that more than two million blocks of stone were used to build the Great Pyramid, and it required thousands…

5 min.
meet amenmeses

A menmeses seems to have been a younger son of King Seti II and his wife, Queen Takhat. For four years around 1200 B.C.e., Amenmeses ruled as king in the south of Egypt. His grandfather, King Merenptah, appointed him viceroy (governor) of Nubia, This area corresponds to the southern part of present-day Egypt and the northern part of present-day Sudan. During this time, he was known as Messuy (a nickname) and left inscriptions at a number of places within his province. Records show that Amenmeses lost this job prior to his grandfather’s death and that he rebelled about three months after his own father came to the throne. It is not known what caused either his dismissal or his rebellion. However, the two events do seem likely to have been linked,…

1 min.
role of pharaoh

The king in Egypt was the absolute ruler of the country. Usually, however, he acted in conjunction with ministers and other senior officials. The ancient Egyptians considered the king divine, as they believed that the god Amun assumed a human form in the king’s father at the moment when the king was conceived. Although we have no official record of the laws of succession, it appears that the heir (normally the eldest son by the senior wife) was formally proclaimed in front of an assembly of notables. The process of his becoming king was completed when he carried out the funeral of the previous ruler. When there was no proclaimed heir, it seems that carrying out the funeral was enough to establish a person as the legitimate new king.…

5 min.
at the time

A menmeses was a member of the Nineteenth Dynasty. This dynasty had come to the throne early in the 13th century B.C.e., after the line of the Eighteenth Dynasty had died out. This family had liberated Egypt from the Palestinian Hyksos rulers around 1550 B.C.e. It then had conquered all of Nubia, as well as built up an extensive empire in what is now Palestine, Israel, Lebanon, and northwest Syria. As a result, Egypt was one of the great powers of the ancient world. The others included the Hittites in an area that is today part of Turkey, the Mitannians in northern Syria, the Alashians in Cyprus, the Assyrians in northern Iraq, and the Babylonians in southern Iraq. Major Changes Around 1350, King Amenhotep IV, who later changed his name to Akhenaten,…

3 min.
the afterlife

In every culture, people have beliefs and explanations about what happens after they die. The physical process is visible. Once people are no longer alive, they cease functioning, and their bodies begin to decay. Many people, however, believe that there is a part within themselves that they believe can continue living, in some fashion, in a world apart from this one. For thousands of years, the ancient Egyptians discussed what happened after death. In fact, their descriptions of what awaited the souls of the deceased were extremely detailed. We know this because they produced what might be considered guidebooks to help souls reach their final destination safely. Many of these texts have survived and offer insight into the vast and complex religious beliefs they had concerning death and the afterlife. The ancient…