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Dig History and Archaeology Magazine for Kids and Children

Dig History and Archaeology Magazine for Kids and Children February 2019

Budding archaeologists are off to new adventures at archaeological sites around the world, where they look over the shoulders of professional archaeologists working in the field to unearth important finds. DIG also brings readers right into working laboratories and museums to learn about cutting-edge conservation techniques. Interviews with onsite archaeologists give children a well-rounded view what archaeology is really all about. Grades 5-9

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United States
Cricket Media, Inc.

in this issue

2 min.
editor’s note

We’re all inventors! Ding! That’s the sound my computer makes each time an email arrives (if I have the volume turned up!). Depending on what I am doing, I look or just make a mental note that I must look. Well, on a day back in February of 2017, I heard the “ding,” saw that it was an email from Elizabeth ten Grotenhuis, with whom I had collaborated on several issues and whose ideas and suggestions I value highly. So, I clicked on the email. The last line popped out at me: Would this topic be a good one for an issue of DIG Into History? That got me! I went to the beginning of the email. Elizabeth had been talking with Stephanie Couch and Leigh Estabrooks at the Lemelson-MIT Program…

1 min.
about the cover

Take any idea, and it can lead to a breakthrough that will transform lives and even history. Take that same idea, be a bit innovative, and new ideas will follow. The articles in this issue prove this to be true. So, be willing to experiment and expand on any creative thoughts or ideas you may have, for one of them may lead to the next “breakthrough.” NOTE: In this issue on inventions, we are using the abbreviations B.C.E. (Before the Common Era) and C.E. (Common Era) and not B.C. and a.d. B.C.E. and C.E. are used presently worldwide and have no religious affiliation.…

3 min.
what is invention?

Human beings are continually inventing. Since the dawn of time, we have repeatedly thought of new ways to feed, clothe, house, protect, and entertain ourselves. By definition, an invention is a process, device, or discovery that is new and useful. What’s more — almost every new idea leads to other ideas. This is true, because, as people begin to adopt a recent invention, there are people who are already thinking of ways to adapt it to new uses. There are also others who become so inspired by some part of the invention that they create something else that is entirely new. Long ago, someone had the idea of moving heavy building stones by using logs as rollers. Around 3500 B.C.E., another person — perhaps someone tired of lining up logs — had…

3 min.
why rome?

Have you ever heard the saying, “All roads lead to Rome?” When used today, it means that there is more than one way to solve a problem. The phrase traces its roots to ancient times, when many paths — or roads — led you to Rome. And, Rome, of course, was the solution to your problems! While we do not know if the Romans used the saying, we do know that the phrase was used during the Middle Ages. THE ‘GOLDEN MILESTONE’ Records tell us that the first emperor of the Roman Empire, Augustus, built a monument in the center of Rome and claimed it was the starting point for all roads throughout the empire. Augustus considered Rome the center of the world and even inscribed on this monument the distances to…

5 min.
how much further?

Travel is commonplace in modern societies, whether it is a drive to the supermarket or an interstate holiday. Wherever we travel, it is useful to know how far it is to our destination. Okay, heading to the supermarket does not take a lot of planning, but Mom and Dad will check to ensure that they can get there before the store closes and that they have enough gas to get home. Longer trips take more planning: How far is it? How long will it take? What food and clothing will be needed? What overnight accommodations are available? A handy device that helps to work out such details is an odometer and, no, it does not mean it is an “odd meter.” “Odo” traces its roots to the Greek words odon (“way”)…

3 min.
sensors today

he odometer is a type of sensor. It T “senses” how far an object has traveled. The data generated by a sensor is used to make decisions. For example, knowing how far a car has traveled might help the car owner decide how many more miles to drive before taking it in for an oil change. Sensors are a type of invention that you find everywhere. A smartphone has all sorts of sensors inside of it — as many as a dozen. One interesting example is a light sensor that measures the brightness of the surrounding environment. With this data, your phone can decide to increase the screen’s brightness, allowing you to read a text message on a sunny day, or decrease the screen’s brightness when you are in a dark…