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All About HistoryAll About History

All About History All About History Book Of Flight

All About History is the stunningly realised new magazine from the makers of How It Works and All About Space. Featuring beautiful illustrations, photos and graphics depicting everything from ancient civilisations to the Cold War, All About History is accessible and entertaining to all and makes history fun for the whole family.

Land:
United Kingdom
Sprog:
English
Udgiver:
Future Publishing Ltd
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KØB UDGIVELSE
33,60 kr.(Inkl. moms)
ABONNER
277,86 kr.(Inkl. moms)
13 Udgivelser

I DENNE UDGAVE

access_time1 min.
all about history book of flight the evolution of aviation

Manned heavier-than-air flight was undoubtedly one of the most important achievements of the 20th century, playing a crucial role in shaping the modern world that we know today. As tools for travel, aircraft have brought people together. As tools of war, they have all too frequently torn people apart. The story of flight is a global one. From Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, the site of the first flights by the Wright brothers, through to modern day Afghanistan and Iraq where aircraft have been at the forefront of conflict, our journey takes us across every continent of the world, into the skies above deserts, oceans and beyond, in times of peace and war. As much about people as it is about technology, this is a story of passengers and pilots, entrepreneurs…

access_time4 min.
taking flight

But it was with balloons that the first successful human flights were made. On 21 November 1783, Pilâtre de Rozier and the Marquis d’Arlandes made the first free flight, in a hot air balloon created by the Montgolfier Brothers. They flew from Paris for eight kilometres (five miles) at a height of 900 metres (3,000 feet). Work on hydrogen-filled balloons had been taking place in parallel with the Montgolfier’s experiments, and on 1 December 1783, Jacques Charles and a companion lifted off from Paris for the first manned ascent in a hydrogen-filled balloon. The first balloon crossing of the English Channel was made only two years later by Jean-Pierre Blanchard and John Jeffries. Ballooning became a popular sport but practical uses were also found for balloons in nineteenth-century warfare, either…

access_time5 min.
the wright brothers

They initially focused on “control”, surmising that sustained flight would be achieved if adjustments could be continually made to the balance of a craft in order to keep it stable. To achieve this goal, Wilbur and Orville developed the idea of “wing warping”; a process that involved twisting the flying surface to alter the flow of air and thus change the direction of the machine. By September 1900, the Wrights had perfected the first of their experimental gliders and chosen Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, as a suitable location for trials. The glider was a success and the all-important wing warping control system worked well. But it did not generate as much lift as they had hoped. Further trials on a new glider, with redeveloped wings based on the work of earlier…

access_time5 min.
louis blériot: first english channel flight

A year later, short flights were made by Louis Blériot and Robert Esnault-Pelterie in tractor (powered in front) biplanes. Real success came in 1908 with flights made in aircraft created by Gabriel Voisin and his younger brother Charles. These were biplanes with forward elevators and box kite-like tails but unlike the Wrights’ Flyers, they lacked any means of lateral control. Despite this, Henri Farman won the Grand Prix d’Aviation by completing the first 1-kilometre (three-fifths-of-a-mile-) circular flight in Europe on 13 January 1908 in a modified Voisin. To protect their designs the Wrights had ceased flying in 1905, but pushed by the success of their rivals and with deals secured to sell their machines, they decided to take to the air again. Wilbur Wright went to France where, on 8 August…

access_time5 min.
the belle epoque

Reims set the pattern for the many air meetings that followed across Europe and the United States. Undoubtedly crashes were part of the attraction of these spectacles; 32 pilots, out of fewer than 600 worldwide, were killed in 1910. Crowds also came to expect more complex and dangerous flying. French pilot Adolphe Pégoud was the first to include the “loop the loop” stunt in his display in 1913, a year in which the French also dominated record and distance flying. Roland Garros made the first non-stop flight across the Mediterranean from France to Tunisia, Marcel Prévost set a new speed record of 204 kilometres per hour (126.7 miles per hour) and Edmond Perreyon, Blériot’s chief test pilot, reached an altitude of 6,120 metres (20,079 feet). In the United States, development moved…

access_time4 min.
the aeroplane goes to war

At the start of the war, the main combatant nations – Britain, France and Russia on the one side and Germany and Austro-Hungary on the other – could muster fewer than 500 serviceable aircraft for military or naval purposes. The military had one main use for these simple, initially unarmed and often unreliable biplanes and monoplanes – reconnaissance; finding out what the other side was doing. In this, aeroplanes were seen as an adjunct to the cavalry, the army’s traditional scouting force, but as the conflict developed they soon came to replace it and make a significant contribution of their own to the conduct of the war. Royal Aircraft Factory BE2c The BE2 was designed before the war in 1912 at the Royal Aircraft Factory by Geoffrey de Havilland. It first flew…

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