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National Geographic HistoryNational Geographic History

National Geographic History March/April 2018

See how National Geographic History magazine inflames and quenches the curiosity of history buffs and informs and entertains anyone who appreciates that the truth indeed is stranger than fiction with a digital subscription today. And that history is not just about our forebears. It’s about us. It’s about you.

Land:
United States
Sprog:
English
Udgiver:
National Geographic Society
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6 Udgivelser

I DENNE UDGAVE

access_time1 min.
from the editor

It’s almost impossible to imagine a world without King Tut. Today he is ancient Egypt’s most ubiquitous pharaoh, recognized the world over, and the subject of beautiful books, countless articles, unforgettable exhibits, and one catchy Steve Martin song. A century ago this was not the case. The boy king was obscure, at best. His tomb was discussed only in academic circles with varying degrees of skepticism. Howard Carter ignored the skeptics and spent season after season searching for Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings. His perseverance paid off with the most memorable archaeological discovery of the 20th century. The photograph on the cover captures the undisturbed mummy of King Tut in his sarcophagus. It marks, perhaps, the last arcane moments of his name before the golden mask made him a…

access_time2 min.
mapping a new mexico

Across its three-foot length, the Codex Quetzalecatzin is a colorful display of Nahuatl hieroglyphs and motifs clustering with churches and Spanish names. Held in private collections for more than 100 years, the late 16th-century map was recently acquired by the United States Library of Congress. Mesoamerican maps from this era are rare, and this one shows the effects of colonization in northern Oaxaca and southern Puebla in Mexico. Decades after Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés toppled the Aztec Empire in 1521, the old Aztec nobles started to reassert their claims to land. This codex is a survey of the territory and properties held by a powerful Aztec family whose name had been Hispanicized to de Leon. On the map, their holdings extend from what is now Mexico City to the south of…

access_time1 min.
the short life of a flying ace

May 1892 Manfred von Richthofen is born in Breslau to a rich, aristocratic family. His parents will enroll him in military school. August 1914 World War I begins. Richthofen sees action in the First West Prussian Cavalry Regiment on both western and eastern fronts. May 1915 Richthofen transfers to the Imperial German Army Air Service. In the fall he begins solo pilot training, crashing on his maiden flight. September 1916 Richthofen joins the new Jasta 2 squadron, where he tallies more than a dozen wins and begins to cultivate his Red Baron persona. April 21, 1918 Eighty kills later, and the uncontested ace of the skies, Richthofen is shot down by Allied fire and dies at age 25.…

access_time7 min.
the red baron: master of the dogfight

The first pilots were pioneers, constantly pushing their planes—and their bodies—to the limit. In a time of conflict, technology advances in leaps and bounds, and when the First World War broke out in 1914, the nascent art of flying was rapidly transformed. Barely a year after hostilities began, a German Fokker monoplane fitted with a synchronized, forward-firing machine gun took to the air, and the revolution of air power and mechanized warfare was almost completed. The forward-firing gun meant it could fire through the propeller without damaging the blades. The first victory using this new weapon was claimed on July 1, 1915. Exactly one year later, when the Somme offensive opened, the British Army suffered 57,470 casualties during the first day alone. If this and other notoriously bloody battles of World War…

access_time1 min.
“to be master of the air”

THE GREATEST ACE of all time first sat in a plane in 1915. Here, Richthofen describes one of his first experiences of flight: “I had lost all sense of direction above our own aerodrome . . . I began . . . to look over the side at the country. The men looked ridiculously small. The houses seemed to come out of a child’s toy box . . . Cologne was in the background. The cathedral looked like a little toy. It was a glorious feeling to be so high above the earth, to be master of the air . . . I felt extremely sad when my pilot thought it was time to go down again . . . In a flying machine one possesses a complete sense of security.”…

access_time3 min.
coffee brews trouble in london

Although England is probably better known for sipping tea, coffee played a major part in English history as well. London’s first coffeehouse opened in 1652 as the nation was recovering from a civil war. Balkan-born Pasqua Rosée began selling his brew after coming across the drink on his travels in the eastern Mediterranean. It was an immediate success. Within a few years, Rosée was reportedly selling more than 600 coffees a day. Copycat ventures appeared across the city. By 1656 another coffeehouse opened on Fleet Street. Over the next few decades, hundreds more would spring up. The exact origins of coffee are murky, but most agree that it came from Ethiopia. Tradition says that a goat herder named Kaldi discovered coffee in the ninth century. He noticed that his flock became very…

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