Notícies i Política

Reason August - September 2018

Reason is the monthly print magazine of "free minds and free markets." It covers politics, culture, and ideas through a provocative mix of news, analysis, commentary, and reviews. Reason provides a refreshing alternative to right-wing and left-wing opinion magazines by making a principled case for liberty and individual choice in all areas of human activity.

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6 min.
black bodies, radical politics, and rebellious robots

“CUDJO MEETEE DE people at de gate and tellee dem, ‘You see de rattlesnake in de woods?’ Dey say ‘Yeah.’ I say ‘If you bother wid him, he bite you. If you know de snake killee you why you bother wid him? Same way with my boys, you unnerstand me.’” With these words, Cudjo Lewis—né Oluale Kossula—explains his childrearing philosophy to an upstart anthropologist named Zora Neale Hurston in 1927. Captured by a neighboring tribe as a young adult in Africa, purchased by whites, and smuggled to U.S. soil 50 years after the Atlantic slave trade was outlawed, Lewis was freed just five years later in the wake of the Civil War and went on to have a family, found a town, and grow old in the Jim Crow era. And at…

2 min.
fda may soon allow mdma prescriptions for ptsd

“I WAS FINALLY able to process all the dark stuff that happened,” Nicholas Blackston, a Marine veteran who served in Iraq, told The New York Times, describing his experience with MDMA-assisted psychotherapy. “I was able to forgive myself. It was like a clean sweep.” MDMA, which was banned by the Drug Enforcement Administration in 1985, could be available by prescription as soon as 2021. The rehabilitation of MDMA, a.k.a. “ecstasy” or “molly,” is directly related to the rehabilitation of veterans like Blackston, who participated in a study that confirmed the drug’s potential as a catalyst for catharsis. The trial was sponsored by the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) and reported on May 1 in The Lancet Psychiatry. It involved 22 military veterans, three fire-fighters, and one police officer, all of whom…

2 min.
a second chance for people with criminal records

FOR MANY OF the roughly 600,000 Americans to be released from prison this year, the best predictor of whether they become law-abiding citizens is their ability to land a job. Unfortunately, state licensing laws often shut the formerly incarcerated out of work. While there is wide variance in licensing requirements across the states, more than 10,000 individual regulations prohibit people with criminal records from working in dozens of professions. Some of the restrictions make sense. Banning a person convicted of harming children from working in a day care probably strikes the right balance. But in Maryland, a misdemeanor conviction means you can’t work as a cosmetologist, a plumber, or a fortune teller (what won’t Maryland regulate?). In Nebraska, a misdemeanor is grounds to deny a license in massage therapy, and in…

4 min.
scotland levies new taxes on working-class drinkers

IN AN OLD joke, a little boy climbs onto his father’s knee. “Daddy,” he says, his wide eyes bright with optimism. “Now that alcohol is so expensive, does that mean you’ll drink less?” The father laughs. “No, my son,” he replies. “It means you’ll eat less.” In May, Scotland decided to test this joke on a national scale when it became the first country in the world to implement “minimum-unit pricing.” The policy sets a price floor for alcohol at 50 pence (approximately 68 U.S. cents) per unit—i.e., 10 milliliters of pure booze. (A standard 25-milliliter shot of 40 percent whiskey is one unit; a standard 175-milliliter glass of 14 percent wine is 2.4 units.) That threshold won’t affect the price of premium products, such as Champagne, fine wine, and craft beer, which all…

6 min.
slavery did not make america rich

IN HIS SECOND inaugural, Abraham Lincoln declared that “if God wills that [the Civil War] continue until all the wealth piled by the bondsman’s 250 years of unrequited toil shall be sunk…as was said 3,000 years ago, so still it must be said, ‘the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.’” It is a noble sentiment. Yet the economic idea implied—that exploitation made us rich—is mistaken. Slavery made a few Southerners rich; a few Northerners, too. But it was ingenuity and innovation that enriched Americans generally, including at last the descendants of the slaves. It’s hard to dispel the idea embedded in Lincoln’s poetry. TeachUSHistory.org assumes “that northern finance made the Cotton Kingdom possible” because “northern factories required that cotton.” The idea underlies recent books of a new King Cotton…

2 min.
good riddance to trump’s border bouncer

JUNE WILL SEE the end of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Acting Director Tom Homan’s brief but controversial tenure heading the agency. Homan is the chief architect, among other things, of the administration’s policy of taking kids from their border-jumping parents. The main reason he is quitting is that lawmakers were planning to use his confirmation hearings to air his record. Homan, who started as a border patrol agent in 1985, was White House Chief of Staff John Kelly’s choice to run the agency because Homan is a true believer in President Trump’s immigration agenda. He informed Congress last year that he intended to go after anyone in the country without authorization, not just those who have committed a serious crime while here. “If you’re in this country illegally and…