Notícies i Política

Reason May 2018

Reason is the monthly print magazine of "free minds and free markets." It covers politics, culture, and ideas through a provocative mix of news, analysis, commentary, and reviews. Reason provides a refreshing alternative to right-wing and left-wing opinion magazines by making a principled case for liberty and individual choice in all areas of human activity.

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Reason Magazine
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11 Números

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5 min.
was trump elected to take revenge on job-stealing robots?

DARON ACEMOGLU IS no ally of robotkind. The MIT economist is one of the most prominent advocates of the theory that automation depresses employment and wages, at least for low-skilled workers. In a 2017 paper, Acemoglu and his Boston University colleague Pascual Restrepo produced a series of maps of “robot exposure” and its economic effects in the United States. The results look awfully similar to maps of the districts that tilted Republican in the last election, with a thick red band stretching through the Rust Belt and the Deep South. As Acemoglu later told The New York Times, “The swing to Republicans between 2008 and 2016 is quite a bit stronger in commuting zones most affected by industrial robots. You don’t see much of the impact of robots in prior presidential…

1 min.
video games as war propaganda

EVER WONDER WHAT it would be like to participate in an Islamic holy war? Hezbollah has you covered. A Lebanese media company affiliated with the militant group has released Sacred Defense, a first-person shooter video game in which players defend Shiite Muslim shrines and take down ISIS warriors. It’s “a tool to confront the savage culture that invades our markets through games that are stripped of feeling and belonging” and “a tribute to the souls of the martyrs,” according to a Newsweek translation of the official description. But don’t think Western governments are above blending propaganda with commercial entertainment. Since 2002, the U.S. military has produced a first-person shooter series called America’s Army. The franchise serves as a recruitment and communications tool, primarily aimed at teenagers.…

2 min.
hate traffic? learn to love congestion pricing.

AMERICANS WASTE A lot of their lives in traffic, with the average urban auto commuter spending 35 hours a year idling on highways during rush hour. The problem is getting so bad that some cities are beginning to consider a radical marketbased solution. Congestion pricing is a variable toll on drivers that rises or falls based on how many cars are on a stretch of road at a given time. The idea is to harness the power of the price mechanism to ration when and where people drive. Higher tolls during peak hours push motorists to travel at different times, use alternative routes, or collapse multiple trips into just one—all of which cuts down on the time people spend driving. The revenue generated meanwhile can be spent on additional congestion-reducing projects, such…

2 min.
republicans love federal snooping

PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP and some Republican lawmakers in Congress insist that the president and his aides were inappropriately snooped on by politically motivated federal intelligence officials during the 2016 election. Yet when given the opportunity to scale back the FBI’s power to secretly engage in domestic surveillance of American citizens, the president and the GOP did not take advantage of it. In fact, they did the opposite. Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Amendments was scheduled to sunset at the end of 2017 unless Congress renewed it. That provision authorizes the federal government to poke into communications of foreign targets, overseen by a secret court. While these powers are supposed to be used only to collect foreign intelligence and fight terrorism overseas, domestic communications also get quietly vacuumed up.…

2 min.
marijuana memo makes a mess

WHEN ATTORNEY GENERAL Jeff Sessions rescinded Obama-era guidelines discouraging federal prosecutors from targeting state-licensed marijuana businesses, he called it “a return to the rule of law.” But the memo Sessions issued on January 4 left the legal situation for the cannabis industry essentially unchanged, and the crackdown he seemed to be inviting would violate a basic principle of constitutional law: The federal government may not exercise powers it was never granted. U.S. attorneys prosecute a minuscule percentage of marijuana violations, and they have very broad discretion to decide which ones are worth their time. Sessions withdrew a series of memos that said a violator’s compliance with state law was one factor prosecutors should consider. The reasoning, as explained in a 2013 memo from then–Deputy Attorney General James Cole, was that state-regulated marijuana…

3 min.
there are too many kids on the sex offender registry

BOTH THE BOYS admit they did it. Horsing around, two New Jersey 14-year-olds pulled down their pants and sat on the faces of two 12-year-old boys. As one of them later explained, “I thought it was funny and I was trying to get my friends to laugh.” For that act, he and his buddy are on the sex offender registry for life. This was, after all, “sexual contact done for sexual gratification or to degrade or humiliate the victim.” The boys lost an appeal in 2011, with a three-judge panel writing that “although we are not unsympathetic to the arguments criticizing the application of the lifelong registration requirements… we are bound to uphold such application because that outcome is mandated by the Legislature.” This is what our sex offender laws have done:…