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All About History

All About History

No. 103
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All About History is the stunningly realised new magazine from the makers of How It Works and All About Space. Featuring beautiful illustrations, photos and graphics depicting everything from ancient civilisations to the Cold War, All About History is accessible and entertaining to all and makes history fun for the whole family.

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País:
United Kingdom
Idioma:
English
Editor:
Future Publishing Ltd
Periodicidad:
Monthly
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13 Números

en este número

1 min.
welcome

Folk heroes rarely lose their charm. They are often flawed but noble, brave but vulnerable, weaker than their enemy but able to overcome them. Most are also entirely fictitious, but not Boudica. She was very real, although perhaps no less fantastic thanks to the limited resources available to us to understand her Iceni people and their struggle against Roman occupation. Her enduring fame and cult status is no surprise, however. The British love an underdog, despite our imperial experience where the nation was mostly on the other side of such tales. The rediscovery of her history in Britain is thought to have happened in the Tudor era, perhaps bolstering the claim of Elizabeth I to be able to lead her people as well as any man could. This issue we wanted to…

1 min.
defining moments

10 May 1933 BOOK BURNING IN GERMANY Under the Nazi regime, students nationwide burnt over 25,000 books – many of them written by Jewish authors – that had been blacklisted for being ‘un-German’. This included works by well-known writers and intellectuals such as Karl Marx, Albert Einstein, Helen Keller and Sigmund Freud. The event drew widespread international criticism and marked the beginning of extensive censorship in Nazi Germany. 22 April 1970 THE FIRST EARTH DAY In the United States, 20 million Americans across the country participated in the first Earth Day to raise awareness for environmental causes. It was created by Senator Gaylord Nelson, who wanted environmental issues to become part of the national political agenda – the Environmental Protection Agency was established later that year. Today, over 190 countries celebrate Earth Day annually.…

4 min.
key events

3114 BCE WORLD IS CREATED 3114 BCE Although hunter-gatherers have been in the area for about 8,000 years, Maya believe that our world was created in this year. 1800 BCE BIRTH OF A CIVILISATION 1800 BCE The first permanent Maya settlements are established in the Soconusco region that is now in the state of Chiapas, Mexico. Farming becomes effective and figurines are produced. EXPANDING SOCIETY 1000 BCE A complex society emerges. Larger settlements are established and trade expands, with the Maya moving up the river valleys. A ceremonial site, Aguada Fénix, is built. 400 BCE THE MAYA CALENDAR 400 BCE Influenced by the nearby Olmecs, Maya begin using a Calendar Round made up of three corresponding cycles. First, there is the Long Count, which identifies the year; then there’s the divine calendar of Tzolkin and the civil calendar of Haab,…

4 min.
chichen itza

Chichen Itza – which translates to ‘at the mouth of the well of the Itza’ – is the remarkable ancient city that was once the political, social, commercial and economic centre of the Maya civilisation. Although archaeologists are uncertain about when Chichen Itza was first established, it is often cited as between the 5th and 6th centuries. However, we do know that the city had become a major capital within the Yucatán peninsula by the 10th century, at the end of the Classic period. At its height, Chichen Itza was home to tens of thousands of people, with a diverse population of Maya from across the peninsula and beyond. The Toltec civilisation appears to have also influenced construction in the city from the end of the 10th century, but the reason…

2 min.
whistle figurine

For the Maya and, indeed, other Mesoamerican civilisations, music was central to societal, religious and cultural life. Many pieces of surviving Maya art, for example on vases and other pottery, depict scenes involving music and musicians. These images stand as a testament to the crucial role music played in ceremonies, religious rituals, warfare and communicating with gods and ancestors. The Maya had numerous different musical instruments, including percussion and wind instruments such as trumpets, flutes and whistles. Various whistles, many of which are in the form of ceramic figurines, have been discovered at archaeological sites across Mesoamerica. These figurines usually depict humans, animals or even anthropomorphic beings, and lots of the whistles even have additional holes to allow for different tones to be played. This particular figurine is in the Jaina style,…

4 min.
marvellous maya

KUKULCAN Kukulcan, one of the most popular and important deities, is a feathered serpent god of the Yucatec Maya. Little is known about pre-Hispanic Kukulcan, however, he is related to Gucamatz, the creator god worshipped by the K’iche’ Maya, as well as Quetzalcoatl, the feathered serpent deity of the Aztecs. There are many temples dedicated to him across northern Yucatán, for example, El Castillo at Chichén Itzá, where Kukulcan is said to return to Earth during the spring and autumn equinoxes. Itzamna Itzamna is one of the most important and wisest gods of the Maya pantheon. A creator god, he is usually depicted as an old man with a hooked nose and an elaborate headdress. Itzamna was known for his benevolence, helping to educate the Maya in various areas such as medicine, agriculture,…