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Faces People, Places, and World Culture for Kids and Children

Faces People, Places, and World Culture for Kids and Children

October 2020

In an increasingly global and multicultural world, FACES helps kids understand how people in other countries live. Each issue focuses on a different culture – from Vietnam to Egypt to Haiti – including stories about daily life, folk tales, and engaging articles about history and traditions of the people and their culture. Grades 5-9

País:
United States
Idioma:
English
Editor:
Cricket Media, Inc.
Periodicidad:
Monthly
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9 Números

en este número

2 min.
high five

IT’S A BIRD, IT’S A PLANE . . . no, you were right the first time. It’s a bird. Birds are some of the most diverse creatures on Earth with almost 10,000 different species. Some fly, some run. Some have stunning, colorful feathers. Others are plain. What kind of birds live in your area? Here are five feathered facts to get you started. 1 When a meteor struck Earth about 66 million years ago, it wiped out the dinosaurs and most tree birds. However, some ground birds similar to ducks, chickens, and ostriches survived. These species thrived and evolved into the many species we see today. 2 The fiery phoenix is one of the best-known mythical animals. According to Egyptian legend, when the phoenix became old and tired, it would fly to…

1 min.
a bird’s eye view—of a bird!

Wings Most bird wings have a curved airfoil shape. Air must move faster over the curved top. Air pressure above the wing becomes lower than that below, which provides lift. Feathers Different feathers do different jobs. Downy feathers provide warmth. Contour feathers protect against wind and water. Stiff, smooth flight feathers reduce drag during flight. Many crosswise barbs stem out from the shaft. Tiny barbules hook barbs together. Preening keeps birds’ feathers clean and neat. Tail The tail helps birds keep their balance and steer during flight. It also reduces drag. Legs Birds stand and walk on two legs. Feet Feet show special adaptations. For example, ducks have webbed feet. Falcons have sharp talons. Climbing birds usually have two toes facing front and two facing back. Brain Yes, bird brains are small. But inside the head they’re command central for a…

3 min.
vultures

A gazelle, weakened by disease, stumbles and dies on the African savanna. If the cholera bacteria it carries reaches the nearby water hole, the water will become contaminated and sicken other animals that drink there. Enter the lappet-faced vulture. (A lappet is a hanging piece of flesh.) With a wingspan of nearly 10 feet and weighing up to 22 pounds, this vulture is the largest in Africa. Powerful enough to drive off a hungry jackal, the vulture tears into the gazelle’s hide and tough tendons. It can eat skin and break bones with its large, strong beak. Being bald helps keep the bird clean. When it shakes off remaining bits of food, the sun will bake off any bacteria and parasites from the carcass. Urinating on its feet and legs…

3 min.
beautiful birds a lesson in diversity

Among living creatures, birds are the poster animal for diversity with almost 10,000 different species. All birds have feathers and beaks, but they lay eggs like reptiles and are warm-blooded like mammals. Some birds fly, and others walk, run, or even swim. Every kind of bird is different in size and color, diet, and breeding habits. Birds also live on every continent. Recently, scientists have studied fossils, living birds, and bird genes to determine why so many unique species of birds exist. Sixty-six million years ago, at the end of the Cretaceous Period, a giant meteor hit our planet, causing a mass extinction. Most plants and animals, including dinosaurs and tree birds, vanished. However, some ground birds, similar to ducks, chickens, and ostriches, escaped the disaster. These cousins of the dinosaur…

1 min.
fast facts

» The retina of the oil bird contains more than one million rods per millimeter, more than any other vertebrate. Their eyes process low light better than those of any other bird. » The wandering albatross is exceptionally slow in reproducing and growing. It takes the longest time to fledge of any bird—280 days. They raise one chick at a time. » The kea bird of New Zealand demonstrates an ability to use tools, which makes them one of the smartest birds on the planet. » New Zealand is home to 16 flightless bird species, the greatest concentration in the world.…

4 min.
bird of fire looking for the phoenix

One of the most memorable creatures in the Harry Potter books is Fawkes, the bird who lives in Professor Dumbledore’s office. One day Fawkes goes up in flames, much to Harry’s consternation, only to be reborn as a chick out of the ashes. One of Fawkes’ feathers is in Harry’s wand, and his tears cure the bite of the poisonous basilisk. Fawkes isn’t a product of the author’s imagination, however. He is a phoenix, one of the best-known and enduring mythological creatures. The phoenix is known for its ability to die and then come back to life as a new creature. It is a symbol of renewal and rebirth, and its legend goes back to the ancient Egyptians and Arabs. For the Egyptians, the phoenix was associated with the worship of…