Cultura y Literatura
Military History

Military History July 2019

Military History is the nation’s oldest and most popular war magazine devoted to the history of warfare. Topics include naval history, army, infantry and foot soldiers from all branches of the military.

United States
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6 Números

en este número

1 min.
the korean war that almost was

North Korean incursions along the DMZ in the late 1960s threatened to reignite the dormant Korean War By Mike Coppock IN THE ARCHIVES: Tripoli Pirates Foiled When corsairs demanded gold from the nascent United States in return for peace at sea, President Thomas Jefferson instead sent warships By Anthony Brandt Interview Bob Drury and Tom Clavin examine the Continental Army’s 1777–78 transformation at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania Tools With the enhanced Merkava Mk II, Israel properly lays claim to one of the world’s most formidable battle tanks Love history? Sign up for our FREE monthly e-newsletter at: historynet.com/newsletters Digital Subscription Did you know Military History is available in digital format? Visit historynet.com for info Let’s Connect Learn more about what you’ve read or discuss a recent article in depth on our Facebook page…

3 min.
korean dmz

Just finished “The Korean War That Almost Was” [by Mike Coppock], in your May issue. I served with the 223rd Infantry Regiment, 40th Infantry Division, from early May 1953 to late April 1954 on Heartbreak Ridge when the cease-fire took effect. Our platoon manned observation posts 24/7, looking across the DMZ from a mountain north of Seoul. Other platoons patrolled the DMZ from dusk to midnight or midnight to dawn. In midwinter our platoon was called on to give another platoon a two-week break. We were not permitted to take automatic weapons into the DMZ, so I carried an M1 and a .45 pistol. Our patrols consisted of three men—a leader, a radio man and a third man with a flare on a grenade launcher on his M1. The leader was someone…

10 min.

PETREL FINDS U.S. CARRIER HORNET OF DOOLITTLE FAME The research vessel Petrel [paulallen.com/InDepth/Petrel], funded by the estate of Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, has pinpointed the wreck of the Yorktown-class aircraft carrier USS Hornet, noted for having launched the 1942 Doolittle Raid—the first Allied air strike against the Japanese Home Islands during World War II. On April 18, 1942, in the Pacific Ocean some 650 nautical miles east of Japan, Lt. Col. James Doolittle and 79 other U.S. Army Air Forces aviators took off from Hornet in 16 modified North American B-25B Mitchell bombers bound for Tokyo and other targets on Honshu. Each aircraft carried five crewmen, four 500-pound bombs and, the men hoped, enough fuel to reach designated landing sites in China. Fifteen crews ditched at sea off China or bailed out…

8 min.
interview a father’s secret war

Daniel Guiet In their 2019 book Scholars of Mayhem Daniel C. Guiet and Timothy K. Smith relate the fascinating story of how Guiet’s Frenchborn American father, Jean-Claude Guiet (1924–2013), went from being a sheltered freshman at Harvard to become a highly trained and immensely successful World War II covert operative for both the U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and Britain’s Special Operations Executive (SOE). One of four SOE agents dropped into German-occupied France in 1944, the elder Guiet started his clandestine career as a radio operator but was soon conducting ambushes, blowing up vital installations and helping prevent a crack Waffen SS armored unit from reaching the Allied beachhead in Normandy. How did your French-born father end up in the U.S. Army and Britain’s SOE? My grandparents René and Jeanne met as…

3 min.
valor machine-gun milhais

Aníbal Milhais stood alone on a hill in the Portuguese sector of the Western Front in France in 1918. Before him two German divisions advanced across no-man’s-land. Behind him his battalion of the Portuguese Expeditionary Corps and a Scottish regiment fled, having been decimated by a massive preparatory artillery barrage. The Kaiserschlacht (“Kaiser’s Battle” in German) —a spring offensive ordered by General Erich Ludendorff—was under way, and Allied lines were reeling from the onslaught. What Milhais, a farm boy from northern Portugal, did next would earn him due recognition and the nickname “Soldado Milhões” (“Soldier Million” in Portuguese). Portugal was a latecomer to World War I. Neutral in 1914, it was drawn into the conflict after Germany declared war on it in 1916. The 55,000-man Portuguese Corps saw action in northern France…

3 min.
what we learned from… the battle of tashkessen

On Dec. 31, 1877, amid the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78, some 25,000 Russian soldiers under General Joseph Gourko advanced on the Bulgarian village of Tashkessen. Waiting for them from the vantage of three knolls were a few thousand bedraggled Ottoman soldiers under Valentine Baker, a disgraced expat British officer. Sent to delay the advancing Russians, Baker’s Turks faced desperate odds. The Russians had made slow progress in Bulgaria since declaring war on the Ottoman empire that spring. But their capture of Plevna in early December after a five-month siege freed up tens of thousands of troops, with whom the Russians renewed their southern offensive toward Constantinople, the Ottoman capital. By month’s end Gourko’s army had outflanked Turkish defenders in the Balkan Mountains, leaving in its wake Shakir Pasha’s entrenched army of…