Cultura y Literatura
Military History

Military History November 2019

Military History is the nation’s oldest and most popular war magazine devoted to the history of warfare. Topics include naval history, army, infantry and foot soldiers from all branches of the military.

United States
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6 Números

en este número

3 min.

Aleutian Campaign [Re. “Aleutian Battleground,” by Jon Guttman, January 2019:] May I call your attention to The Storm on Our Shores, by Mark Obmascik, a 2019 book that goes into great detail about the Attu campaign from the viewpoint of two participants who collided there? It is the story of a Japanese college student and physician who was drafted into the Imperial Army and ultimately sent to Attu and an American GI who as a prewar enlistee eventually found himself as part of the invasion force. Educated and trained in the United States, the physician had returned to Japan in the late 1930s for family reasons. He was pro-American and spiritually a pacifist. It is a well-documented story, with accounts from the Japanese doctor’s survivors, as well as his own writings and journals,…

2 min.
fallujah ‘house clearer’ first living iraq war moh recipient

President Donald Trump has awarded the Medal of Honor to former U.S. Army Staff Sgt. David Bellavia for conspicuous gallantry during the 2004 Second Battle of Fallujah, Iraq. One of seven Medal of Honor recipients from the Iraq War, Bellavia is the first living veteran of the war to receive the award. The native New Yorker enlisted in 1999, serving in Kosovo before deploying to Iraq in 2004. On the night of Nov. 10, 2004—his 29th birthday—Bellavia was in Fallujah as a squad leader with Company A, Task Force 2-2, 1st Infantry Division, when his platoon was tasked with clearing jihadists from a block of a dozen buildings. Nine of the buildings were filled with weapons but unoccupied. As Bellavia and four others entered the tenth house, however, insurgents ambushed them,…

1 min.
refugee numbers highest since wwii

The United Nations reports that the number of humans displaced by conflict worldwide is at its highest recorded level since World War II. By year’s end 2018 the global population of refugees had reached an estimated 70.8 million, compared to 43 million a decade ago; of those uprooted in 2018, some 41 million remained displaced within their own countries, while 26 million fled across borders and 3.5 million sought asylum, a quarter-million of the latter in the United States. More than two-thirds of the refugees came from Afghanistan, Myanmar, Somalia, South Sudan and Syria, while Turkey, Pakistan and Uganda took in the greatest numbers of those who fled.…

1 min.
supreme court: wwi peace cross can stay

In a 7–2 decision the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the Bladensburg World War I Memorial, aka “Peace Cross”—dedicated in 1925 on private land in that Maryland town to honor the war dead from Prince George’s County—does not violate the Establishment Clause of the Constitution and may remain on land since acquired by the state. In 2014 the American Humanist Association sued to have the 32-foot-tall cross altered or removed, prompting the American Legion [legion.org], which had commissioned the memorial, to defend it. The court found that the cross, a symbol used on military medals and to mark soldiers’ graves, does not serve an unconstitutional religious purpose in this instance. DAVID HUME KENNERLY, AUDU ALI MARTE (GETTY IMAGES)(2); ALGERINA PERNA/BALTIMORE SUN (ALAMY STOCK PHOTO)…

1 min.
war record

Oct. 22, 1901 British army Lt. Harry Harbord “Breaker” Morant (P. 22) is arrested on returning from leave in Pretoria, South Africa. Court-martialed for war crimes committed during the Second Boer War, he and fellow Bushveldt Carbineer Lt. Peter Handcock are executed on Feb. 27, 1902. November 1933 The Martin aircraft company delivers the first YB-10 bombers to the U.S. Army Air Corps at Wright Field near Dayton, Ohio. A service test version of the Martin B-10, the plane features a groundbreaking rotating nose turret (P. 58). Nov. 11, 1941 Succeeding in his third escape attempt from a German POW camp, French army officer Marcel Bigeard (P. 64) makes his way to Senegal, where he ultimately joins the Free French forces. Bigeard retires in 1976 as one of his nation’s most decorated soldiers. Nov. 26, 1915 U.S.…

1 min.
judge issues reprieve for confederate statues

A Virginia judge has ruled that 1920s-era statues in Charlottesville of Confederate Gens. Robert E. Lee and Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson—the subjects of recent contentious debate—are war monuments protected by state law. The ruling came amid a lawsuit against the Charlottesville City Council, which in 2017 had acted to remove the statues. The debate gained national attention on Aug. 12, 2017, when hundreds of white nationalists descended on the city to protest the pending removal of the Lee statue. The demonstration turned violent when self-avowed white supremacist James Alex Fields Jr., 20, drove his car into a crowd of counterprotesters, killing 32-year-old Heather Heyer and injuring dozens of others. Fields has since been convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison. According to Charlottesville Circuit Judge Richard Moore, the statues of…