Cultura y Literatura
Military History

Military History January 2020

Military History is the nation’s oldest and most popular war magazine devoted to the history of warfare. Topics include naval history, army, infantry and foot soldiers from all branches of the military.

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6 Números

en este número

3 min.
on the bottle

I noticed on P. 24 of the September 2019 issue of Military History (“Medusa’s Curse,” by Bob Gordon) that on the Canadians’ vehicle antennae there appear to be plastic bottles taped on upside down [see above]. Can you advise what is the purpose of this attachment? Bruce Baker Roseville, Calif. Editor responds: Canadian units employ such antenna-mounted water bottles to hold infrared chemlights (glow sticks). When maintaining order after dark, a quick glance through night-vision goggles would quickly reveal the organization of the vehicles around you. Depending on the unit and the operating environment, the color and/or number of chemlights would represent the sub-unit. Ukraine For many years I have enjoyed your magazine, and I continue to subscribe and read through the many diverse topics. They are thorough and entertaining. One question: I traveled through Ukraine…

4 min.

HONOR THY FATHER A son couldn’t honor his father more meaningfully. On Aug. 8, 2019, passengers at Dallas Love Field airport pressed against the terminal windows to witness the arrival of the repatriated remains of U.S. Air Force Col. Roy A. Knight Jr., who was shot down over Laos on May 19, 1967. Making the occasion all the more poignant was the fact that Knight’s son, Southwest Airlines Capt. Bryan Knight—who was just 5 when he last saw his father, leaving for war from the same airport 52 years before—was at the controls of the jet that brought the fallen warrior home. A prewar flight instructor at Laughlin Air Force Base in Del Rio, Texas, Roy Knight deployed to Southeast Asia in January 1967, flying with the 602nd Air Commando Squadron out…

2 min.
lessons from the napoleonic wars

More than two centuries after the culminating battle of the Napoléonic wars researchers continue to learn about the era and its key figures. Recent digs in Russia and Belgium have turned up significant finds, from the grave of one of Napoléon Bonaparte’s favorite generals to the grisly vestiges of a Waterloo field hospital. Researchers in southwest Russia have unearthed the likely remains of Gen. Charles-Étienne Gudin, 44, a lifelong friend of the emperor, who was mortally wounded by a cannonball on Aug. 19, 1812, during the Battle of Valutino amid Napoléon’s failed invasion. On Gudin’s death three days later comrades removed his heart for enshrinement in Paris’ Père Lachaise Cemetery. His name was subsequently inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe, while a bust of his likeness graces the Palace of Versailles.…

3 min.

Dig Studies U.K. POW Camp Archaeologists have completed the first formal study of Lodge Moor prison camp near Sheffield, England, which dates from World War I and held more than 11,000 mostly German POWs at its World War II peak. Among its more infamous World War I internees was then submarine commander Karl Dönitz—future Nazi naval commander and German Reich president—who was captured in 1918. Research has revealed overcrowded conditions at the camp, with more than 70 prisoners crammed into each barrack designed for 30. Honoring Vets at 7 Fathoms Circle of Heroes, the nation’s first underwater memorial to veterans, has opened to divers off Clearwater, Fla. Set some 40 feet below the surface of the Gulf of Mexico, it features 12 life-size statues of service-members in a circle around a memorial honoring…

6 min.
interview four hours of fury

James Fenelon By March 1945 the Allies were closing in around Germany, but the 400-yardwide Rhine River remained a significant natural obstacle to their progress. Although Americans had crossed the Ludendorff Bridge at Remagen, the main Allied thrust would be led by British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery farther north, near Wesel. James Fenelon’s new book, Four Hours of Fury, relates the firsthand experiences of the U.S. 17th Airborne Division during Operation Varsity, the subsequent combat jump during which 17,000 troops were inserted by parachute and glider on the far banks of the Rhine. Fenelon [jamesfenelon.com] is himself a veteran and a graduate of the U.S. Army’s Airborne, Jumpmaster and Pathfinder schools. His hands-on experience, diligent research and interviews with veterans combine in a gripping, action-packed narrative of one of the most…

3 min.
valor the fabled ‘shipka’

Maj. Alastair Campbell Ottoman army Medjidie Order Shipka Pass, Bulgaria Sept. 17, 1877 By mid-September 1877 opposing armies had spent eight weeks locked in a gruesome slugfest for control of a Bulgarian pass providing a direct route to the Ottoman capital of Constantinople (present-day Istanbul). Mount St. Nicholas loomed above the other three main crests overlooking Shipka Pass, making its capture imperative. Concealed behind boulders, Russian and Bulgarian troops gazed down on a sea of Ottoman corpses left behind after earlier assaults. Far below that scene of carnage a 31-year-old Scotsman paced the Turkish lines, shouting words of encouragement in English as he prepared to lead the last forlorn attempt to capture St. Nicholas and secure the pass. His subsequent deeds would make him a folk hero in the annals of the Ottoman army and…