Cultura y Literatura
Military History

Military History January 2019

Military History is the nation’s oldest and most popular war magazine devoted to the history of warfare. Topics include naval history, army, infantry and foot soldiers from all branches of the military.

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6 Números

en este número

3 min.
world war relics

Over the years I have greatly enjoyed reading the many fascinating articles published in Military History, but I was particularly and personally touched by one photograph printed in the “World War Relics” portfolio [November 2018]—the letter of King George V to the American Expeditionary Forces in the U.K. My grandfather Cpl. George Tempest Unsworth was in the 139th Aero Squadron, 2nd Pursuit Group, 1st Pursuit Wing, in France from May 27 until Nov. 11, 1918. Folded carefully away with his honorable discharge and General Order No. 18 penned by Lt. Col. Bert M. Atkinson, the 1st Pursuit Wing commander, thanking his soldiers for their service on the disbanding of the unit on Dec. 12, 1919, was his own letter from the king of England. I inherited these documents from my…

2 min.
allies mark centennial of world war i armistice

As the centennial of World War I winds down, cities and towns worldwide have scheduled commemorative events, many on November 11, the date of the formal end of hostilities. In 1918 Allied and German representatives signed the armistice aboard a railcar in Compiègne, France, on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. At the outset of World War II Germany accepted the French surrender in that same railcar, then sent the carriage to Berlin for display. Fleeing German troops destroyed it in 1945. The present-day Armistice Memorial [armisticemuseum.com] at Compiègne centers on a replica carriage. In the centennial’s largest stateside event on November 11 (Veterans Day in the United States) Washington National Cathedral [cathedral.org], in conjunction with the U.S. World War I Centennial Commission, will host an…

1 min.
first medal of honor to airman since vietnam

President Donald Trump has presented the Medal of Honor to Valerie Nessel, the widow of U.S. Air Force Tech. Sgt. John Chapman, who was posthumously awarded the nation’s highest honor for his actions during the 2002 Battle of Takur Ghar, a fierce mountaintop clash in Afghanistan. A combat controller, Chapman was killed on the ground that March 4 while suppressing enemy fire directed at Army Rangers and airmen aboard an inbound helicopter. He was initially awarded a posthumous Air Force Cross, but that was upgraded to the MOH when footage from a General Atomics MQ-1 Predator drone revealed his selfless heroism. Chapman is the first airman to receive the medal since the Vietnam War.…

1 min.
north korea returns u.s. war remains

As promised during a June summit in Singapore, North Korea has turned over the skeletal remains of U.S. service members killed during the 1950–53 Korean War. Repatriated in 55 coffins draped with U.N. flags, the remains were transported to the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency [dpaa.mil] at Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam, Hawaii, where they will undergo forensic analysis, a process that may take years. That said, DPAA has already identified two of the MIAs: Army Master Sgt. Charles H. McDaniel, 32, reported missing on Nov. 2, 1950; and Army Pfc. William H. Jones, 19, reported missing on Nov. 26, 1950. Both men had been fighting Chinese forces north of Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. Some 7,700 U.S. service members are still unaccounted for from the war, including an estimated 5,300…

1 min.
war record

December 1918 Germany’s Holzminden POW camp, site of the largest Allied escape of World War I (P. 48), closes as the last of its prisoners are repatriated. Of the 29 British officers who tunneled out on July 23/24, 1918, 10 eluded capture. Dec. 2, 2011 Northern Ireland’s Historical Enquiries Team finds that attacking IRA gunmen fired first on British Special Air Service commandos lying in ambush at a constabulary in Loughgall (P. 32) on May 8, 1987, justifying return fire that killed all eight IRA members. Jan. 17, 1794 James Armstrong is born in Shelbyville, Ky. In 1856, as commander of the U.S. Navy’s East India Squadron, Armstrong would direct U.S. Marines and sailors against Chinese defenders at the Battle of the Barrier Forts (P. 64) near Canton. Jan. 20, 1778 British explorer Capt. James Cook and…

3 min.
noaa find off alaska recalls wwii clash

On July 17, 2018, NOAA-funded researchers from Project Recover [projectrecover.org], using multibeam sonar and a remotely operated submersible, pinpointed the shattered stern section of the World War II Fletcher-class destroyer USS Abner Read (DD-526) in 290 feet of water off the Aleutian island of Kiska, Alaska. In the wake of the May 1943 Battle of Attu—the only land battle fought on U.S. incorporated territory during the war—a Japanese mine sheared 75 feet from the stern of the 376-foot ship, which remarkably remained afloat. In June 1942 some 7,200 Japanese personnel landed unopposed on Kiska and Attu in the Aleutians, hoping to forestall a U.S. strike against Japan across the North Pacific. In May 1943 U.S. troops supported by Canadian air elements moved to retake the islands (see P. 56), starting with…