Cultura y Literatura
Military History

Military History November 2018

Military History is the nation’s oldest and most popular war magazine devoted to the history of warfare. Topics include naval history, army, infantry and foot soldiers from all branches of the military.

United States
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6 Números

en este número

3 min.

The September 2018 feature “Barbarians at the Gate” was excellent. One minor oversight: Author Tang Long notes, “Unlike traditional recurve bowmen, crossbowmen required minimal training to achieve proficiency. Within 10 days of instruction a peasant farmer could become a competent crossbowman.” A recurve bow has a similar learning curve. What is near impossible to gain proficiency in is to ride on horseback and shoot arrows competently. One has to be raised riding and shooting at the same time to achieve this skill. Once achieved, it is frighteningly effective in battle. This was the technique used by my ancestors the Magyars (Hungarians), cousins of the Huns. And of course, as noted by the author, the Huns are descendants of the nomadic Xiongnu. I was taught that in ancient times a Magyar…

4 min.
the road to recovering korean war remains

More than six decades after the 1950–53 Korean War the remains of thousands of U.S. service members killed in North Korea may finally be headed home. During their June 12 summit in Singapore U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un pledged to accelerate efforts to recover and repatriate the remains of some 5,300 American troops interred in the North. The pledge was one of four points in the accord signed by the leaders. Within days of the summit the U.S. military had transported caskets for the already recovered remains of some 220 American soldiers. On July 27, 2018, the 65th anniversary of the armistice, North Korea returned the first sets of remains. The war began when North Korea invaded South Korea on June 25, 1950. An armistice…

5 min.
navy seal, wwii soldier receive medals of honor

This spring President Donald Trump awarded Medals of Honor to recipients separated by several decades and conflicts. First Lt. Garlin Murl Conner, an Army veteran of World War II, and Master Chief Special Warfare Operator Britt Slabinski, a Navy SEAL veteran of Operation Enduring Freedom, are the latest combatants to receive their nation’s highest military honor. Conner, who died in 1998 at age 79, was posthumously awarded the MOH for his actions near Houssen, France, on Jan. 24, 1945, when he volunteered to advance 30 yards ahead of his unit through a gauntlet of German fire to direct friendly artillery against a body of 600 enemy soldiers, six Mark VI Tiger tanks and tank destroyers. When the Germans massed for a final push, Conner called in artillery on his own position,…

5 min.
interview matthew naylor the legacy of world war i

Matthew Naylor, president and CEO of the National World War I Museum and Memorial [theworldwar.org] in Kansas City, Mo., also sits on the U.S. World War I Centennial Commission [worldwar1centennial.org], which since its establishment by Congress in 2013 has worked to commemorate the nation’s participation in the war. On Nov. 11, 2018, the commission and its partners nationwide will mark the 100th anniversary of war’s end on the 11th hour of the 11th day in the 11th month of 1918. Naylor, a native Australian who holds a doctorate from Curtin University in Perth, recently spoke with Military History about the significance of the war, the centennial, the museum’s mission and its plans beyond November 11. What about World War I most interests you? The war is deeply personal, as my grandfather was…

3 min.
valor no hometown hero

Michael John O’Leary British Army Victoria Cross France Feb. 1, 1915 In 1914, at the outbreak of World War I, Ireland was part of the United Kingdom. But Irish republicans had long been pushing for independence, and tensions ran high in the Emerald Isle. Thus, when the British introduced conscription in 1916, they exempted the Irish. Yet many Irishmen still volunteered to serve in the British army. Those from the pro-British north largely enjoyed community support, while those from the republican south faced suspicion and hostility. Among the latter, Michael John O’Leary earned the Victoria Cross early in the war and to this day ranks among the great heroes of the British army. O’Leary was born in 1890 into a republican, Catholic farming family from County Cork. At 16 he joined the Royal Navy, serving ashore…

3 min.
what we learned from… braddock’s defeat, 1755

Whatever his shortcomings, British Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock did not lack courage. In battle along the Monongahela River in Ohio Country (present-day western Pennsylvania) on July 9, 1755, French and Indian attackers shot out several horses from under him. Enemy musket balls eventually found their mark, gravely wounding the general, and his command broke and fled. Evacuated by his aide, Col. George Washington, Braddock died four days later. His final words: “Who would have thought?” Britain and France had engaged in a series of sharp clashes in North America over the previous two years. A focal point was the Forks of the Ohio—the confluence of the Monongahela, Allegheny and Ohio rivers at present-day Pittsburg. The French had bullied a British garrison from the forks in early 1754 and built Fort Duquesne.…