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Smithsonian Magazine

Smithsonian Magazine June 2020

Smithsonian Magazine takes you on a journey through history, science, world culture and technology with breathtaking images from around the world.

País:
United States
Idioma:
English
Editor:
Smithsonian Institute
Periodicidad:
Monthly
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11 Números

en este número

2 min.
discussion

“You really showcased the love and respect that Old Friends shows.” Beatle Mania As a young girl growing up in the D.C. area, I was a huge Beatles fan and George Harrison (“Meet the Beatle!” May 2020) was my favorite. I actually started a fan club for George. I somehow learned about Louise Harrison Caldwell and wrote her a letter and begged for “inside news” for our mimeographed monthly newsletter (cost: 25 cents). She wrote a lovely letter back in her formalized English script! It is among my most treasured items. — Melanie J. Biermann | Free Union, Virginia A Kentucky Home My family and I had the privilege of visiting Old Friends (“When the Race Is Over,” May 2020). We got to meet several champions, including War Emblem. But the most special interaction came…

4 min.
hallowed ground

TO THE WEST OF BLUFF, UTAH, in the state’s southeast corner, an unassuming 17-mile gravel road branches off from U.S. Route 163. The path cuts an arc through cultural and geological riches aptly named the Valley of the Gods, where red-rock formations tower hundreds of feet in the air, sculpted by the earth’s most reliable architects, wind and water. Buttes and soaring pinnacles are shaded orange and red from the oxidized iron within, their Cedar Mesa sandstone dating back over 250 million years. Line after horizontal line, the years unfold vertically, the striations of time shimmering in the heat like a Magic Eye puzzle. The arid plain is dotted with blooming yucca in the spring, sage and rabbit brush, Indian paintbrush and other wildflowers. Life endures in the cracks of the…

2 min.
landmark decisions

SINCE 1906, presidents have used the Antiquities Act to designate 158 national monuments, covering over 700 million acres, to safeguard their natural or social history. That power has sparked disputes about federal overreach, and lands set aside by one president can always be changed by another—or by Congress. 1924 CRATERS OF THE MOON NATIONAL MONUMENT, IDAHO: Calvin Coolidge preserved this otherworldly site, formed by volcanic activity, at nearly 25,000 acres. Four presidents went on to shrink or enlarge it—most recently, Bill Clinton expanded it to over 750,000 acres. 1943 JACKSON HOLE NATIONAL MONUMENT, WYOMING: FDR’s protection of forests and lakes led to a legal clash with locals who opposed it as a land-grab. Congress reversed the designation; FDR vetoed the reversal. In 1950, the monument joined Grand Teton National Park. 1978 MISTY FJORDS…

2 min.
updating america

A MODERNIST MASTER and black history’s pre-eminent visual storyteller, Jacob Lawrence completed his most famous set of paintings in 1941, when he was just 23. A sweeping view of African-Americans’ mass exodus from the Jim Crow South—laid out over 60 color-saturated tempera panels—his “Migration Series” is still considered one of the major achievements in 20th-century American art. But another series by Lawrence, equally ambitious in scope and radical in vision, had been largely forgotten until this year, when the Peabody Essex Museum, in Salem, Massachusetts, organized a new traveling exhibition, scheduled next for New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art. It is the first showing in more than 60 years of Lawrence’s “Struggle: From the History of the American People.” These 30 hardboard panels, each 12 by 16 inches, cover the period from…

9 min.
defying the nazis

WHEN NAZI TANKS rolled into Paris in the early morning of June 14, 1940, most Parisians had already left the city in a mass exodus to the south. All the museums were closed except the Musée de l’Homme, or Museum of Mankind, which tacked a freshly placed French translation of Rudyard Kipling’s poem “If” to its doors: If you can keep your head when all about you are losing theirs … you’ll be a Man, my son! It was a defiant gesture, a dangerous message and even a sly call to arms: Unbenown to the invading army, the man behind the sign, the museum’s director, would become a moving force in the nation’s secret counteroffensive network. With his bald pate, round eyeglasses and winged collar, Paul Rivet, an anthropologist then in…

1 min.
buzz kill

GERMANY’S LEADERS decreed January 30, 1943—the ten-year anniversary of Adolf Hitler’s rise to power—as a day of celebration. Berlin would host rallies, and Reich Marshal Hermann Goering’s address from the Air Ministry building would be broadcast throughout the Third Reich. Elements of Britain’s Royal Air Force would also be in attendance: In an attack unlike any before or since, the British sought to silence Nazi leadership with a loud aerial intrusion designed to humiliate. Under gray skies, a trio of speeding de Havilland Mosquito bombers from No. 105 Squadron entered Berlin’s airspace at precisely 11 a.m.—the moment Goering was scheduled to begin speaking. When the bombs and the British engines intruded on the broadcast of Goering’s speech, radio engineers cut his feed and scrambled for safety. A bewildered German public instead heard…